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English paper 3 essay topics

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A Sample Auto Repair Shop Business Plan Template. Paper 3 Essay Topics! Are you about starting an auto repair shop? If YES, here is thoroughly, a complete sample auto repair shop business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE . Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting an english paper, auto repair shop. Essays On Celebrities! We also took it further by english paper 3 essay, analyzing and engaging thesis drafting a sample auto repair service marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for auto repair shops. So let#8217;s proceed to english 3 essay, the business planning section. All over the globe, the auto repair business is such that is thoroughly engaging, important. This is english 3 essay, because of the need to paper on war in afghanistan, have cars fixed. One of the things that must be done before even commencing this type of business is english paper topics, learning all that is required to writing internet, be known in the auto repairs business. This means that you will be required to go and garner some good skills in this light.

Why Start an Auto Repair Shop? Since the invention of automobile, a whole lot of topics, business opportunities have been created around the automobile industry and the auto repair garage is one of gang violence in america, them. All over the world, car repairs is one business that never goes into extinction. This is because daily, fleets of cars are being added to paper, the garages of people and so whether it is thoroughly, a brand new car or a fairly used one, you can be sure that sometime in the future car repair would be inevitable. English Paper 3 Essay! As long as people use their cars and trucks regularly, there will always be reasons for them to visit an auto workshop if indeed they want these vehicles to continue to ply the roads.

This is because you can never rule out wear and tear when a machine is in use. People visit auto garages for thoroughly engaging different reasons; it could be for routine servicing, major repair works, or for refurbishing their cars. For whatever reasons; auto repair garage will always translate to money for english paper topics the owner of the writing internet, repair garage. What Does It Take to Start an Auto Repair Shop Successfully? In some climes, you would be required to own a license to start an auto repair workshop; if it applies to you, be sure to get all the trainings and documentation needed. English Paper! This is so that getting issued an operating license from the licensing office would be a lot easier. If indeed you want to operate a corporate auto repairs garage, you must go all the violence in america essay, way to get it registered with the corporate affairs department of english, your state or country. Although you can operate an stearns essay, unregistered auto repair garage in some countries, operating a registered one is the best way to go because it would position you to do business with corporate entities. A Sample Auto Repair Shop Business Plan Template. Auto Repair Shop Business Overview.

Auto repair business is amongst the highly thriving and profitable easy to setup auto services related business idea an 3 essay topics, entrepreneur can successfully start. All over thoroughly the world, car repairs is one business that never goes into extinction. This is because daily, fleets of paper 3 essay, cars are being added to the garages of people and gang violence essay so whether it is a brand new car or a fairly used one, you can be sure that sometime in the future car repair would be inevitable. English Paper! As long as people use their cars and trucks regularly, there will always be reasons for thoroughly engaging them to english paper 3 essay, visit an auto workshop if indeed they want these vehicles to essay internet, continue to ply the roads. This is paper, because you can never rule out wear and tear when a machine is in use.

People visit auto garages for different reasons; it could be for routine servicing, major repair works, or for refurbishing their cars. For whatever reasons; auto repair garage will always translate to money for the owner of the repair garage. The Auto Repair Shop industry provides mechanical and electrical repair and maintenance work for essay cars, trucks, vans and english paper trailers et al. Players in this industry include self-employed mechanics, auto repair shops, garages and car care centers established by automobile manufacturing companies. It is important to state that the auto repair shop industry does not include car dealerships, auto parts retailers or gas stations that provide industry services. So also, the industry services do not include auto bodywork, car washes, oil changes or air conditioning repair. Peter Essay! The Auto Repair Shop industry is an open industry hence a low level of market share concentration.

Even though large automobile companies operate in the industry, revenue is also spread among thousands of small auto garages and even mobile auto repair businesses. As a matter of fact, no single auto repair shop or auto company can account for more than 5.0 percent of the total revenue generated in the industry. This is the reason why smaller auto repair shops accounts for a large percent of the players in 3 essay the auto repair services industry. The Auto Repair Shop industry has grown steadily over the last five years and it is projected to essay, continue to enjoy steady growth. Individuals and businesses have increased demand for auto repair services, as rising per english paper topics capita disposable income and application manager corporate profit encourages consumers to opt for topics auto repair and maintenance services over in america do-it-yourself repair. Going forward, disposable income levels are expected to paper topics, continue to paper on war in afghanistan, grow, encouraging some consumers to spend more on the maintenance and repair of their automobiles. Statistics has it that the Auto Repair Shop industry in the United States of America, is worth $58bn, with an estimated growth rate of 1.4 percent. English Paper! There are about 251,016 registered and internet licensed auto repair garages in the United States and they are responsible for employing about english 530,978 people. Peter Essay! Over and above, the auto repair shop industry is english paper, very open to any aspiring entrepreneur who has acquired the required trainings, skills and perhaps professional certifications to start his or her own auto repair business and peter of course make good money from the industry.

Auto Repair Shop Business Plan Executive Summary. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is a U.S based and licensed auto repair garage. We have been able to secure a standard and well – positioned garage facility in a central and busy district in paper Fairhope – Alabama. We are an auto repair services company that is set to compete in the highly competitive and fragmented auto repair and maintenance services industry not only in Fairhope – Alabama, but also throughout the United States market because we intend opening our outlets in key cities across the United States. Writing Internet! Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC will offers services such as mechanical and electrical repair and maintenance work for cars, trucks, vans and trailers et al. Our business goal is to become one of the leading auto repair garages in english 3 essay topics the United States and we will make sure that we do all we can to compete favorably with leaders in the industry such as Jiffy Lube, Midas and Monro and also automobile manufacturing companies who have services centers. Our workers are going to be selected from a pool of application letter, certified and highly experienced auto repair engineers and technicians in and around Fairhope Alabama and also from any part of the paper, United States of America as the business grows. We will make sure that we take all the members of our workforce through the required trainings that will position them to meet the thoroughly thesis, expectation of the company and to compete with leading auto repair garages and services centers in the United States and throughout the globe. At Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC, our client’s best interest will always come first, and everything we do will be guided by our values and professional ethics.

We will ensure that we hold ourselves accountable to the highest standards by meeting our client’s needs precisely and completely. We will cultivate a working environment that provides a human, sustainable approach to earning a living, and living in our world, for all our partners, employees and for our clients. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is founded by Engr. Jack Romney an auto mechanical engineer per excellence who graduated with from Illinois Institute of Technology (B.Engr.) and his twin brother and business partner for many years James Romney. They have a combine experience that can help them build Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC to paper, favorably compete with leaders in the industry such as Jiffy Lube, Midas and Monro and also automobile manufacturing companies who have services centers. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC was established with the aim of maximizing profits in violence the auto repair shop industry. We want to compete favorably with the leading auto garages in english paper the United States which is why we have but in place a competent quality assurance team that will ensure that every repairs, services and maintenance carried out on celebrities or related services rendered meet and english 3 essay topics even surpass our customers’ expectations.

We will work hard to ensure that Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is not just accepted in Fairhope – Alabama but also in other cities in the United States of America where we intend opening our garages. Peter Essay! Our products and english paper 3 essay services are listed below; Repairing and essay writing internet replacing automotive engines Performing general automotive repairs Power train repair services Brake repair services Scheduled and preventative repair and maintenance services Repairing trucks Repairing and replacing automotive exhaust systems Repairing and replacing mufflers Repairing automotive transmissions Repairing automotive brakes Performing automotive electric repairs Performing automotive wheel alignments Repairing automotive radiators Wheel alignment and repair services Other repair and maintenance services. English Topics! Our vision is to establish a standard and world class auto repair garage whose services and brand will not only be accepted in Fairhope Alabama but also in other cities in the United States of engaging, America. Our mission is to provide professional auto repair, maintenance services and other auto repair related services that will assist businesses, individuals, households and non-profit organizations who owns automobiles in ensuring that their automobiles are always in good shape. English Topics! We want to build an auto repair garage that can favorably compete with other leading brands in the automobile maintenance and repair services industry. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is an essay, auto repair and maintenance garage that intend starting small in Fairhope Alabama, but hope to grow big in order to compete favorably with leading automobile repair garages and automobile servicing centers in the industry both in the United States and on a global stage.

We are aware of the importance of building a solid business structure that can support the picture of the kind of world class business we want to own. This is why we are committed to only hire the best hands within our area of operations. Paper! At Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC, we will ensure that we hire people that are qualified, hardworking, creative, customer centric and are ready to work to help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the stake holders (the owners, workforce, and customers). As a matter of letter, fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our senior management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of english, five years or more as agreed by the board of trustees of the company. In view of the above, we have decided to hire qualified and thoroughly engaging competent hands to occupy the english paper 3 essay topics, following positions; Chief Executive Officer Auto Garage Supervisor Human Resources and engaging thesis Admin Manager Sales and Marketing Executive Accountant Automobile Repair and Maintenance Engineers / Technicians (10) Client Service Executive. Roles and english 3 essay Responsibilities.

Increases management#8217;s effectiveness by application letter manager, recruiting, selecting, orienting, training, coaching, counseling, and english paper topics disciplining managers; communicating values, strategies, and objectives; assigning accountabilities; planning, monitoring, and appraising job results; developing incentives; developing a climate for offering information and opinions; providing educational opportunities. Responsible for stearns essay providing direction for the business Creating, communicating, and implementing the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. leading the development and implementation of the paper, overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for gang violence in america essay signing checks and documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the success of the organization. Serve as project manager of the paper 3 essay, organization; works directly with employees Develops strategic plan by studying new automobile technological, and financial opportunities; presenting assumptions; recommending objectives. Essays! Accomplishes subsidiary objectives by establishing plans, budgets, and results measurements; allocating resources; reviewing progress; making mid-course corrections.

Coordinates efforts by english paper topics, establishing procurement, production, marketing, field, and technical services policies and practices; coordinating actions with corporate staff. Builds company image by collaborating with customers, government, community organizations, and employees; enforcing ethical business practices. Letter Manager! Maintains quality service by establishing and enforcing organization standards. Maintains professional and technical knowledge by english 3 essay, attending educational workshops; reviewing professional publications; establishing personal networks; benchmarking state-of-the-art practices; participating in professional societies. Make certain that the auto repair and maintenance department perform efficiently, coordinate employee efforts, and gang violence facilitate communications between management and computer repairs and maintenance engineers and english 3 essay technicians Ensures that the organization work in line with international best practices. Human Resources and Admin Manager.

Responsible for overseeing the smooth running of satire on celebrities, HR and administrative tasks for the organization Defining job positions for recruitment and paper topics managing interviewing process Carrying out staff induction for new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees Responsible for arranging travel, meetings and appointments Oversee the smooth running of the daily office and satire on celebrities factory activities. Sales and Marketing Manager. Manage external research and coordinate all the internal sources of paper 3 essay topics, information to retain the organizations’ best customers and attract new ones Model demographic information and analyze the volumes of transactional data generated by customer Identifies development opportunities; follows up on development leads and contacts; participates in the structuring and financing of thoroughly thesis, projects; assures the completion of development projects. Writing winning proposal documents, negotiate fees and rates in paper 3 essay line with organizations’ policy Responsible for handling business research, market surveys and feasibility studies for clients Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients Develop, execute and evaluate new plans for expanding increase sales Create new markets cum businesses for research on war in afghanistan the organization Empower and motivates the sales team to meet and paper topics surpass agreed targets. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for engaging the organization Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to forecast trends and business conditions. Responsible for financial forecasting and english paper topics risks analysis.

Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and financial reporting for one or more properties. Responsible for developing and managing financial systems and policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensuring compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for gang violence essay Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC Serves as internal auditor for 3 essay Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC. Auto Repair and Maintenance Engineers (2) and Technicians (8) Repairing and replacing automotive engines Performing general automotive repairs Handle Power train repair services Handles Brake repair services Scheduled and preventative repair and maintenance services Repairing trucks Repairing and replacing automotive exhaust systems Repairing and replacing mufflers Repairing automotive transmissions Repairing automotive brakes Performing automotive electric repairs Performing automotive wheel alignments Repairing automotive radiators Handle wheel alignment and repair services Handles other repair and maintenance services. On War! Client Service Executive. Welcomes clients and potential clients by greeting them in person or on the telephone; answering or directing inquiries. Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level Through interaction with clients on the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in the company’s products and services Manages administrative duties assigned by the creative director in english paper topics an effective and timely manner Consistently stays abreast of any new information on the organizations’ products, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and helpful information is supplied to clients when they make enquiries. Auto Repair Shop Business Plan SWOT Analysis.

Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC engaged the letter manager, services of english paper, a core professional in the area of business consulting and structuring to assist our organization in stearns building a well – structured auto repair garage business that can favorably compete in the highly competitive auto maintenance and repair service industry in the United States and the world at large. Part of english paper 3 essay topics, what the team of peter stearns essay, business consultant did was to paper topics, work with the management of our organization in conducting a comprehensive SWOT analysis for Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC. Here is a summary from the result of the satire, SWOT analysis that was conducted on behalf of Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC; Our core strength lies in the power of our team; our workforce. We have a team of certified and highly trained and experience automobile maintenance and repair engineers and technicians, a team with excellent qualifications and experience in various niche areas in the automobile maintenance and repair service industry. Aside from the synergy that exists in paper topics our carefully selected workforce, our services will be guided by best practices in the industry. As a new auto repair and maintenance garage in Fairhope – Alabama, it might take some time for our auto repair and maintenance garage to break into the market and gain acceptance especially from top profile clients in the already saturated and highly competitive auto maintenance and repair services industry; that is thoroughly, perhaps our major weakness. Another weakness is that we may not have the 3 essay, required cash to pump into promoting our business the way we would want to. No doubt, the opportunities in the auto maintenance and repair services industry is massive considering the number of individuals and corporate organizations who owns automobile in the United States. As an peter essay, auto repair and maintenance garage, we are ready to english topics, take advantage of any opportunity that is available in the industry. Just like any other business, one of the major threats that we are likely going to face is economic downturn.

It is a fact that economic downturn affects purchasing / spending power. Another threat that may likely confront us is the arrival of on celebrities, a new auto repair and maintenance garage in same location where our target market exist and who may want to adopt same business model like us. Auto Repair Shop Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. English! One good thing about the Auto Repair Shop industry is that, it is an open industry hence a low level of market share concentration. Even though large automobile companies operate in thoroughly engaging the industry, revenue is paper topics, also spread among thousands of small auto garages and even mobile auto repair businesses. As a matter of fact, no single auto repair shop or auto company can account for more than 5.0 percent of the application letter manager, total revenue generated in the industry. This is the english 3 essay, reason why smaller auto repair shops accounts for a large percent of the players in the auto repair services industry.

It is a known trend in developed world and even developing world to find steady growth in the Auto Repair Shop Industry, As a matter of fact, the writing internet, Auto Repair Shop industry has grown steadily over the last five years in the United States of America and it is projected to continue to enjoy steady growth. Individuals and businesses have increased demand for auto repair services, as rising per paper 3 essay capita disposable income and corporate profit encourages consumers to opt for auto repair and maintenance services over do-it-yourself repair. Going forward, disposable income levels are expected to essay writing, continue to grow, encouraging some consumers to spend more on 3 essay topics, the maintenance and repair of their automobiles. Lastly, it is now becoming trendy to find automobile engineers and technicians who do not have the required finance to rent a shop opt for mobile auto repair garage business; they are known to move around especially on highways with their complete tool box looking for broken down cars, trucks and thoroughly thesis vans et al to fix. Before starting our auto repair and maintenance garage in Fairhope Alabama, we conducted a market survey and feasibility studies and we are certain that there is english paper 3 essay topics, a wide range of both corporate and individual clients who would need the essay, services of english paper topics, auto repair and maintenance garages especially haulage companies and transport companies.

In view of that, we have created strategies that will enable us reach out to various corporate organizations and households who we know can’t afford to do without our services. Thoroughly! Below is a list of the people and organizations that we have specifically market our products and services to; Banks, Insurance Companies and other related Financial Institutions Blue Chips Companies Corporate Organizations Manufacturers and Distributors Transport Companies Haulage Companies Individuals and households School with transportation system for students. Our Competitive Advantage. Surviving in the business world as an auto repair and maintenance garage requires more than, your expertise, knowing how to deliver standard repairs and maintenance jobs but also how to network with key people that matters; decision makers that can decide who will get an auto repair and maintenance contract. Without a shadow of doubt, there are loads of big time investors (Automobile manufacturing companies), that have a stake in the automobile maintenance and repair services industry; but one thing is certain, there is english paper topics, room big enough to accommodate both the big solar automobile repair, servicing and maintenance garages and manager the small ones as well. What smaller auto maintenance, servicing and repair garages need to do to paper topics, survive in the industry is to concentrate on providing automobile repair, maintenance and servicing to households, individuals, haulage companies, small transport companies, schools, hospitals and in afghanistan hotels et al before bidding for big auto repair, servicing and topics maintenance contracts from large corporations (franchise from automobile manufacturing companies to research on war, run their service centers) and government agencies (Public Works Department et al). Paper! We are quite aware that to be highly competitive in on war the automobile maintenance, servicing and repair industry means that you are not only expected to be able to deliver consistent and highly reliable auto repair, servicing and 3 essay maintenance jobs, but you must be able to application manager, meet set targets. English Paper 3 Essay! No one would want to continue to hire your services if don’t always meet up with the target date of completion of projects. Paper In Afghanistan! Our competitive advantage lies in the power of our team; our workforce.

We have a team of certified and english highly trained and experience automobile maintenance and satire essays repair engineers and technicians, a team with excellent qualifications and english topics experience in various niche areas in the automobile maintenance and repair service industry. Aside from the synergy that exists in our carefully selected workforce, our services will be guided by best practices in the industry. Lastly, all our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be among the best within our category (startups automobile maintenance, servicing and repair businesses in the United States) in the industry. It will enable them to be more than willing to build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our business aims and objectives. Auto Repair Shop Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. We are mindful of the fact that there is stiffer competition in the automobile maintenance, servicing and repair industry; hence we have been able to hire some of the best marketing experts to handle our sales and essay marketing. English Paper! Our sales and engaging thesis marketing team will be recruited based on their vast experience in english paper the automobile maintenance, servicing and paper on war in afghanistan repair industry and they will be trained on a regular basis so as to paper topics, be well equipped to meet their targets and the overall business goal of Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC. Our corporate goal is to grow Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC to become one of the top 10 automobile maintenance, servicing and repair garage brands in the United States of America which is why we have mapped out strategy that will help us take advantage of the essay, available market and grow to become a major force to paper, reckon with not only in Fairhope Alabama but also in paper in afghanistan other cities in the United States of America where we intend opening our garages. 3 Essay! Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is set to make use of the following marketing and sales strategies to attract clients; Introduce our auto maintenance, servicing and essay internet repair garage by sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to transport companies, haulage companies, individuals who own automobiles, households, corporate organizations, religious organizations and key stake holders. Paper Topics! Promptness in bidding for auto repair, servicing and maintenance contract from the government, haulage companies, transport companies and other cooperate organizations Advertise our business in relevant business automobile magazines, newspapers, TV stations, and radio station.

List our business on application, yellow pages ads (local directories) Attend relevant international and local expos, seminars, and 3 essay topics business fairs et al Create different packages for different category of clients in order to work with their budgets and still deliver excellent services Leverage on the internet to promote our business Engage direct marketing approach Encourage word of mouth marketing from loyal and satisfied clients. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is established with the aim of maximizing profits in the auto repair, maintenance and servicing industry and we are going to go all the way to ensure that we do all it takes to meet and surpass the expectations of all our clients. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC will generate income by offering the following auto maintenance, servicing and repair related services; Repairing and peter essay replacing automotive engines Performing general automotive repairs Power train repair services Brake repair services Scheduled and preventative repair and paper 3 essay topics maintenance services Repairing trucks Repairing and replacing automotive exhaust systems Repairing and replacing mufflers Repairing automotive transmissions Repairing automotive brakes Performing automotive electric repairs Performing automotive wheel alignments Repairing automotive radiators Wheel alignment and gang violence in america repair services Other repair and english topics maintenance services. One thing is certain, there would always be haulage companies, transportation companies, corporate organization, government agencies, households and individual who would need to take their cars, vans, and peter stearns essay trucks et al for routine maintenance and servicing or for outright repairs. We are well positioned to take on the available market in the automobile maintenance, servicing and repair services industry and we are quite optimistic that we will meet our set target of generating enough income / profits from the first six month of operations and grow our solar panel installation, maintenance and repair company to enviable heights. We have been able to paper topics, critically examine the automobile maintenance, servicing and essays on celebrities repair market and we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to come up with the following sales forecast. English Paper Topics! The sales projection is based on thesis, information gathered on the field and some assumptions that are peculiar to paper 3 essay, similar startups in Fairhope – Alabama. Below is the sales projection for Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC. It is based on the location of our business and of course the stearns essay, wide range of auto repair, servicing and maintenance services and target market; N.B : This projection is done based on what is obtainable in the industry and with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown and english 3 essay topics there won’t be any major competitor offering same auto maintenance, servicing and repair services as we do within same location. Please note that the above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher.

At Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC we will keep the prices of our services below the average market rate for all of our customers by keeping our overhead low and by collecting payment in gang in america essay advance from english paper 3 essay topics corporate organizations who would steadily bring in engaging their fleet of automobiles for routine servicing, maintenance and repairs. In addition, we will also offer special discounted rates to all our customers at english paper 3 essay topics regular intervals. Peter Essay! We are aware that there are some one off jobs or government contracts which are always lucrative, we will ensure that we abide by the pricing model that is paper 3 essay topics, expected from contractors or organizations that bid for such contracts. At Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC, our payment policy will be all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them. Here are the gang in america essay, payment options that we will make available to our clients; Payment by via bank transfer Payment via online bank transfer Payment via check Payment via bank draft Payment via mobile money Payment with cash.

In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our plans with little or no itches. Auto Repair Shop Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy. We have been able to topics, work with our brand and publicity consultants to help us map out publicity and peter advertising strategies that will help us walk our way into english 3 essay topics, the heart of our target market. We are set to on war in afghanistan, become the number one choice for both corporate clients and individual clients in the whole of Fairhope – Alabama and other cities in the United States of America where we intend opening our garages which is why we have made provisions for effective publicity and english advertisement of peter, our solar panel installation, maintenance and repair company. Below are the platforms we intend to leverage on to promote and advertise Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC; Place adverts on both print (newspapers and magazines) and electronic media platforms Sponsor relevant community based events / programs Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, YouTube, Google + et al to promote our services Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations all around Fairhope – Alabama Engage in road show from time to time in targeted neighborhoods Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas Contact corporate organizations by calling them up and informing them of Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC and the services we offer List our auto repair, servicing and paper topics maintenance business in local directories / yellow pages Advertise our auto repair, servicing and maintenance business in our official website and application manager employ strategies that will help us pull traffic to the site. Ensure that all our staff members wear our branded shirts and all our vehicles are well branded with our company logo et al. Auto Repair Shop Business Plan Financial Projections and Costing. In setting up any business, the amount or cost will depend on the approach and scale you want to undertake. If you intend to go big by paper 3 essay topics, renting a place, then you would need a good amount of capital as you would need to ensure that your employees are well taken care of, and research paper on war that your facility is conducive enough for paper 3 essay topics workers to be creative and application letter productive.

This means that the start-up can either be low or high depending on 3 essay topics, your goals, vision and aspirations for your business. The tools and equipment that will be used are nearly the same cost everywhere, and any difference in prices would be minimal and can be overlooked. As for the detailed cost analysis for starting an automobile repair and maintenance garage; it might differ in stearns other countries due to the value of their money. However, this is what it would cost us to set up Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC in the United of America; Business incorporating fees in the United States of America will cost $750. The budget for Liability insurance, permits and english license will cost $3,500 Acquiring a garage facility that can accommodate a good number of cars per time for at least 6 months (Re Construction of the satire essays on celebrities, facility inclusive) will cost $100,000. English! The amount required to purchase the needed tool box and letter repair equipment $25,000 Equipping the office (computers, printers, projectors, markers, servers / internet facility, furniture, telephones, filing cabinets, and electronics) will cost $30,000 Amount required to purchase the needed software applications to run our business $ 3,500 Launching an official Website will cost $500 Amount need to pay bills and staff members for at least 2 to 3 essay, 3 months $70,000 Additional Expenditure such as Business cards, Signage, Adverts and Promotions will cost $5,000. Thesis! Going by the report from the market research and english feasibility studies conducted, we will need about two hundred and fifty thousand (250,000) U.S. dollars to peter stearns essay, successfully set – up a medium scale but standard auto repair, maintenance and servicing garage in the United States of America.

Generating Funding / Startup Capital for Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is a business that will be owned and managed by Engr. Jack Romney and his twin brother and business partner for many years James Romney.They are the sole financial of the business which is why they decided to 3 essay, restrict the sourcing of the start – up capital for the business to just three major sources. These are the areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the start – up capital from personal savings and sale of his stocks Generate part of the start – up capital from friends and other extended family members Generate a larger chunk of the startup capital from the bank (loan facility). N.B: We have been able to violence, generate about $100,000 (Personal savings $70,000 and soft loan from paper 3 essay topics family members $30,000) and we are at application letter the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $150,000 from our bank. All the topics, papers and document has been duly signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited. AUTO REPAIR BUSINESS GROWTH: Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. The future of a business lies in the numbers of loyal customers that they have the capacity and competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If all of these factors are missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop. One of our major goals of letter manager, starting Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for english paper 3 essay injecting finance from external sources once the business is officially running. We know that one of the ways of gaining approval and winning customers over is to offer our auto maintenance, servicing and repair services a little bit cheaper than what is obtainable in essay writing internet the market and we are well prepared to english 3 essay topics, survive on lower profit margin for a while.

Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC will make sure that the right foundation, structures and processes are put in place to ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. Our company’s corporate culture is designed to drive our business to greater heights and training and re – training of our workforce is at the top burner. As a matter of research paper, fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of three years or more. We know that if that is put in place, we will be able to successfully hire and retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to paper, help us build the business of research paper in afghanistan, our dreams. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Incorporation: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts various banks in the United States: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and english 3 essay Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Securing a standard office facility for our studio: Completed Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of All form of Insurance for the Business: Completed Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating part of the start – up capital from the founders: Completed Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of gang, Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents: In Progress Design of Logo for the business: Completed Purchase of repair and servicing tools and equipment: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: Completed Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed furniture, office equipment, software applications, electronic appliances and facility facelift: In progress Creating Official Website for the business: In Progress Creating Awareness for paper the business: In Progress Health and Safety and application manager Fire Safety Arrangement: In Progress Establishing business relationship with vendors and key players in various industries: In Progress.

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In this seminar, we will take an in-depth look at these famous studies (along with the more recent replications) and explore their various psychological, political and philosophical ramifications. As with other seminars, this course has a number of intellectual goals that go far beyond simply rarifying one’s understanding of a particular content area (important and generative as it may be). One such a goal is to enable you to think critically (though not disparagingly) about english other people’s research and writing, theoretical claims that ensue from it, all with the hope that you can then apply the self-same critical acumen to your own future work. Second, I hope that our interactions throughout the english paper 3 essay, course will offer a hospitable environment for developing (and exchanging) creative ideas of your own. Your work on gang violence essay your individual reaction papers and on the term paper in english particular will be a key element in achieving this goal. Lastly, I hope that, along with other upper-level courses, this seminar will offer a sensible (yet informal) introduction to psychological research methodology and essays on celebrities, research ethics. This objective will be met primarily through class discussions and some additional readings. CANCELLED: 483 CAPSTONE: ECONOMICS Fairness Altruism (Dillenberger) The course is designed to be an 3 essay integrative experience, drawing on knowledge from economics and psychology to understand the paper on war in afghanistan, role of paper 3 essay fairness in on celebrities behavior.

PPE 201/ECON 013 is english paper, a strict pre-requisite for this course. 401 (formerly PPE 299) Independent Study Permission needed from Department. Student arranges with a faculty member to pursue a research project on a suitable topic. For more information about essay internet research and setting up independent studies, visit: http://www.sas.upenn.edu/ppe/Requirements/PPEmajor/research.html. 402 Research in Philosophy, Politics Economics (PPE Post Docs) Led by postdoctoral fellows in the Philosophy, Politics and Economics program, this course teaches students how to conduct research in PPE with an emphasis on creating a well-formed research question, determining what kinds of data or scholarly research bears on that question, and how to carry out an interdisciplinary, research-driven project on paper that question. 498 (formerly PPE 301) Directed Honors Research Permission needed from essay Department. Open only to senior majors in PPE. Student arranges with a faculty member to do an honors thesis on a suitable topic. For more information on honors visit: http://www.sas.upenn.edu/ppe/Requirements/honors.html. PPE 072 (HSOC 101, PHIL 072) Biomedical Ethics Society Sector (Gibbons)

REC: F 10-11 AM, 11-12 NOON, 12 -1 PM or 1-2 PM. A survey of moral problems in english paper topics medicine and biomedical research. Problems discussed include: genetic manipulation, informed consent, infanticide, abortion, euthanasia, and research paper on war in afghanistan, the allocation of english paper 3 essay topics medical resources. Moral theory is presented with the aim of enabling students to think critically and analytically about moral issues. The need for violence in america setting biomedical issues in broader humanistic perspective is stressed.

PPE 153 (PSYC 253) Judgments Decisions College Quantitative Data Analysis (Royzman) Fulfills the College Quantitative Data Analysis Requirement. Prerequisite(s): One semester of statistics OR microeconomics. LEC: R 5:30-8:30 PM (SAS) and T 6-9 PM (LPS) Thinking, judgment, and personal and societal decision making, with emphasis on fallacies and biases. PPE 202 (PSCI 236) Public Policy Process (Meredith) This course introduces students to the theories and practice of the policy-making process. English 3 Essay! There are four primary learning objectives. First, understanding how the structure of political institutions matter for the policies that they produce. Second, recognizing the constraints that policy makers face when making decisions on behalf of the public.

Third, identifying the strategies that can be used to overcome these constraints. Satire Essays On Celebrities! Fourth, knowing the toolbox that available to participants in the policy-making process to help get their preferred strategies implemented. While our focus will primarily be on American political institutions, many of the ideas and english paper 3 essay, topics discussed in the class apply broadly to other democratic systems of government. PPE 204 (PHIL 228) Philosophy of Social Science (TBA) REC: F: 10-11 AM, 11-12 NOON, 12-1 PM, or 1-2 PM.

This course is about the foundations of contemporary social science. It focuses on the nature of social systems, the similarities and differences between social and natural sciences, the construction, analysis, and confirmation of social theories, and the nature of social explanations. Specific topics may include: What are social norms and conventions? What does it mean to have one gender rather than another, or one sexual orientation rather than another? Should social systems be studied quantitatively or qualitatively? PPE 299 Independent Study Permission needed from Department.

Student arranges with a faculty member to pursue a program of engaging reading and writing on a suitable topic. PPE 301 Directed Honors Research Permission needed from english topics Department. Open only to senior majors in PPE. Student arranges with a faculty member to letter manager do an honors thesis on a suitable topic. PPE 460 Research in Behavioral Ethics (Dimant) In reality, our understanding of different mechanisms and english topics, (economic) relationships is hampered by the lack of data. More often than not, either the observation itself is difficult or the data is essay, not reliable. Over the last decades, economic experiments have become a vital part of the scientific discourse, facilitating our understanding of the world we live in english 3 essay topics (much like in Biology, Chemistry, Physics or the like). Economic experiments allow exploring economic behavior under controlled conditions by generating observations under different experimental designs and controlled conditions. Pioneering this field of on war in afghanistan research, Daniel Kahneman and Vernon Smith were awarded the Nobel memorial prize in paper 3 essay topics recognition of their work on behavioral and experimental economics.

In this course, we provide you with the methodology of how to research develop a research idea and a proper experimental design that allows to paper 3 essay topics explore this idea. On Celebrities! Essentially, you will learn how to think about paper 3 essay topics ideas, generate predictions, and how to use economic experiments to test them. PPE 475 Competitions and Competitive Behavior (Hart) Competitions constitute an stearns important part of english paper 3 essay topics social and economic interactions, such as those between athletes, lawyers or developers. We will explore the psychological and physiological mechanisms behind competitive behavior, and its personal and societal implications. The course will involve readings and discussions, on experimental and empirical research.

We will explore the following topics, among others: How our brains and in america, our society norms affect the english paper topics, intensity of competition; how the social context affects our willingness to compete and research, exert costly effort; the english paper 3 essay topics, consequences of competitions for gang violence essay contestants’ profit, and for their subsequent behavior even beyond the english paper 3 essay topics, competition itself (for example, how rivalry affects subsequent behavior). The course will illuminate different aspects of competitive behavior, providing a fresh angle on application letter manager the benefits and drawbacks of competitions. PPE 475 Network Analysis (Sontuoso) This course addresses elements of Network Science as relevant for analyzing the connectedness of economic or, more generally, social phenomena. Building on ideas from computer science, sociology and 3 essay, economics, the course will examine the properties of networked structures and the behavior of agents within these networks.

The models presented in this course will aim to explain how such networked structures may determine phenomena including the spread of ideas, social norms, market practices and financial crises. (The course is designed for an interdisciplinary audience and requires no theoretical prerequisites, but it will often present material drawn from formal disciplines.) PPE 475 Modelling Choice Behavior (Bhatia) This course will examine mathematical and computational models of individual choice behavior. It will cover modeling techniques from psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, and economics, and will apply these techniques to a range of thoroughly engaging thesis diverse behavioral domains. This course will also examine closely related theories of learning, memory, and reaction time. There are no theoretical prerequisites for this class, though students should have some familiarity with simple mathematics, statistics, or programming. PPE 475 Fairness Altruism (Dillenberger)

The course is designed to be an integrative experience, drawing on knowledge from economics and psychology to understand the role of fairness in behavior. PPE 201/ECON 013 is a strict pre-requisite for this course. PPE 475 Economics of english 3 essay Crime and Corruption: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (Dimant) This is an undergraduate research seminar tackling the topic of crime and stearns essay, corruption from an interdisciplinary perspective. Our focus will lie on understanding the mechanism and motivation to engage in criminal and corrupt behavior from the viewpoint of, among others, economics, psychology, and criminology. Particular light will be shed on criminological theories explaining criminal behavior. Students will develop and apply this knowledge to a well-known criminal case. PPE 476 Thinking with Models (Funcke) The primary focus of the course is on understanding, designing, and analyzing simulation models. Students will come away from the english paper topics, course prepared to apply these models in a wide variety of interesting contexts.

This course focuses on (1) modern simulation-based metaheuristics and on engaging thesis (2) agent-based simulation models in the social sciences, especially in economic, in commercial and in paper strategic (game-theoretic) contexts. On the metaheuristic side, we focus on evolutionary computation, including genetic algorithms, as applied to constrained optimization problems, which are prevalent in business practice. Regarding (2), agent-based models are a relatively recent form of computer simulation that seek to explain and predict complex social phenomena “from the bottom up”, through interactions of comparatively simple agents. The course reviews experimental and theoretical results, and exposes the students to research in afghanistan modern development environments for, as well as successful applications of, this form of simulation. A modest amount of paper 3 essay programming will be expected of students. All required programming knowledge will, however, be covered, and covered gently, in the course. The class is intended to essay writing be taken by students without prior programming experience. Our programming environments will be NetLogo, which is english paper topics, surprisingly fun and used in both education and scientific research. 008 (PHIL 008) The Social Contract Society Sector (Freeman) REC: F 10-11 AM, 11-12 NOON, and 12-1 PM. This is research paper on war, a critical survey of the history of western modern political philosophy, beginning from the Early Modern period and concluding with the 19th or 20th Century.

Our study typically begins with Hobbes and ends with Mill or Rawls. 3 Essay Topics! The organizing theme of our investigation will be the idea of the Social Contract. We will examine different contract theories as well as criticisms and proposed alternatives to the contract idea, such as utilitarianism. Paper In Afghanistan! Besides the above, examples of english 3 essay authors we will read are Locke, Rousseau, Hume, Mill and Marx. 036 (ECON 036) Law and Economics (Staff) Prerequisite(s): ECON 001 or ECON 010.

Credit cannot be received for both ECON 036 and essay writing internet, 234. The relationship of economic principles to law and the use of economic analysis to study legal problems. Topics will include: property rights and intellectual property; analysis of antitrust and economic analysis of english paper topics legal decision making. 062 (RUSS 189) Soviet and Post-Soviet Economy (Vekker) All readings and lectures in English. 140 (CIS 140, COGS 001) Introduction to Cognitive Science (Ungar/Brainard) Fulfils the Formal Reasoning General Requirement for application letter manager the College of Arts and Sciences.

Prerequisite(s): An introductory course in Computer Science, Linguistics, Neuroscience, Philosophy or Psychology. REC: R 3-4 PM, R 4-5 PM, R 5-6 PM, R 6-7 PM, F 3-4 PM, F 4-5 PM, or F 5-6 PM. How do minds work? This course surveys a wide range of answers to this question from disciplines ranging from philosophy to neuroscience. The course devotes special attention to the use of simple computational and mathematical models.

Topics include perception, learning, memory, decision making, emotion and english paper, consciousness. 153 (PSYC 253) Judgments and Decisions (Royzman) Fulfills the College Quantitative Data Analysis Requirement. Prerequisite(s): One semester of statistics OR microeconomics. Thinking, judgment, and personal and societal decision making, with emphasis on essay writing fallacies and biases. 201 (ECON 13) (formerly PPE 113): Strategic Reasoning (Dillenberger) Prerequisite(s): Some high school algebra Econ 1.

This course is about strategically interdependent decisions. In such situations, the 3 essay, outcome of your actions depends also on the actions of research on war others. When making your choice, you have to think what the others will choose, who in turn are thinking what you will be choosing, and so on. Game Theory offers several concepts and insights for understanding such situations, and for. making better strategic choices. This course will introduce and develop some basic ideas from game theory, using illustrations, applications, and cases drawn from english paper business, economics, politics, sports, and even fiction and movies. Satire! Some interactive games will be played in class. There will be little formal theory, and the only pre-requisites are some high-school algebra and having taken Econ 1. However, general numeracy (facility interpreting and doing numerical graphs, tables, and arithmetic calculations) is very important. English Paper 3 Essay Topics! This course will also be accepted by the Economics department as an Econ course, to be counted toward the minor in Economics (or as an Econ elective).

203 (PSYC 265) Behavioral Economics and Psychology (Bhatia) Prerequisite(s): ECON 1. This course will introduce you to the study of choice, and will examine in detail what we know about how people make choices, and how we can influence these choices. It will utilize insights from essay writing internet psychology and economics, and will apply these insights to domains including consumer choice, risky decision making, and english 3 essay, prosocial decision making. 232 (ECON 232) Political Economy (Staff) Prerequisite(s): ECON 101; MATH 104 and writing internet, MATH 114 or MATH 115. English Paper Topics! ECON 103 is recommended. This course examines the political and engaging thesis, economic determinants of government policies. English! The course presents economic arguments for government action in the private economy.

How government decides policies via simple majority voting, representative legislatures, and executive veto and agenda-setting politics will be studied. Applications include government spending and redistributive policies. 299 Independent Study Permission needed from Department. Student arranges with a faculty member to pursue a program of reading and writing on a suitable topic. 301 Directed Honors Research Permission needed from Department. Open only to senior majors in PPE. Student arranges with a faculty member to do an writing honors thesis on 3 essay a suitable topic. 475 Economics of Crime and Corruption: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (Dimant)

This is an undergraduate research seminar tackling the thoroughly thesis, topic of crime and corruption from an interdisciplinary perspective. Paper 3 Essay! Our focus will lie on thoroughly engaging thesis understanding the mechanism and motivation to engage in criminal and corrupt behavior from the viewpoint of, among others, economics, psychology, and criminology. Particular light will be shed on criminological theories explaining criminal behavior. Students will develop and apply this knowledge to a well-known criminal case. 475 Public Choice and Public Policy (Sontuoso)

This course applies Public Choice theory to the analysis of contemporary policy issues: specifically, it aims to provide an accessible introduction to the analytical tools of economics as applied to the study of the behavior of individual actors in the governmental sector. Each class will review some positive theoretical framework(s), such as the foundations of the rational choice theory, approaches to the aggregation of preferences, strategic behavior, voting methods, accounts of english 3 essay cooperation, collective action, public goods, and institutions. The last part of each class will then critically apply theoretical knowledge to relevant contemporary policy issues, including current debates on governmental decision-making processes in the US and EU, lobbying in democracies, international security, greenhouse gas reduction, etc. Note: part of the program contains a theoretical (formal) component. 475 Trust and satire essays, Deception (Hart) Social interactions such as coalition formation, negotiation and bargaining, as well as day-to-day interactions between individuals, all involve the ability to english paper topics mask, and uncover, non-cooperative intentions: Social norms, business etiquette, and common courtesy often compel people to mask selfish intentions. The seminar will describe theories and research findings regarding trustworthiness and its counterpart, deception. Essay Internet! We will discuss the nature of trust and distrust; examine signals that may convey cooperative and deceptive intentions and people's ability to english paper topics detect such signals; and explore the consequences of trust, distrust and stearns, deception in different contexts. 475 Modeling of english Social Phenomena (Funcke) During the gang in america, 20th century social science, and in particular economics, went through a process of increased formalization.

The period produced a library of paper models of social phenomena, many competing ones. In this course we will briefly browse the writing internet, library, with the intention to explore classical theoretical perspectives of what is a better model and ponder how increased normalization affects the english 3 essay, social sciences. In the second part of the course we will engage in simple mathematical modeling of social phenomena. As a group we will iteratively criticize and refine a model, study its implications and sketch strategies for testing it. 475 (PHIL 359) Social Norms (Bicchieri)

This is an undergraduate research seminar covering interdisciplinary research in psychology, philosophy, sociology and behavioral economics related to internet social norms. Paper 3 Essay Topics! Social norms are informal institutions that regulate social life. We will devote particular attention to the following questions: What is gang violence in america, a good, operational definition of social norms? Is there a difference between social and moral norms?

How can we measure whether a norm exists, and the conditions under which individuals are likely to paper 3 essay topics comply with it? Are behavioral experiments a good tool to answer question 3? How do norms emerge? How are norms abandoned? What is the role of trendsetters in norm dynamics? 475 (PSYC 478) Obedience (Royzman)

Though almost half a century old, Milgram’s 1961-1962 studies of “destructive obedience” continue to puzzle, fascinate, and alarm. The main reason for their continued grip on the field’s attention (other than the boldness of the research paper on war in afghanistan, idea and elegance of execution) may be simply that they leave us with a portrait of human character that is english paper, radically different from the one that we personally wish to endorse or that the wider culture teaches us to accept. In this seminar, we will take an in-depth look at these famous studies (along with the more recent replications) and explore their various psychological, political and philosophical ramifications. As with other seminars, this course has a number of stearns essay intellectual goals that go far beyond simply rarifying one’s understanding of paper 3 essay topics a particular content area (important and generative as it may be). One such a goal is to enable you to think critically (though not disparagingly) about other people’s research and theoretical claims that ensue from satire on celebrities it, all with the hope that you can then apply the self-same critical acumen to english paper 3 essay your own future work. Second, I hope that our interactions throughout the course will offer a hospitable environment for developing (and exchanging) creative ideas of your own.

Your work on stearns essay your individual reaction papers and on the term paper in particular will be a key element in achieving this goal. Lastly, I hope that, along with other upper-level courses, this seminar will offer a sensible (yet informal) introduction to 3 essay psychological research methodology and research ethics. Thesis! This objective will be met primarily through class discussions and some additional readings. Summer Session 1: TR: 9 AM - 12:50 PM.

The course studies the fundamental principles of decision-making and english, applies them to a variety of social activities. The decision-making is analyzed in terms of its uncertainty, rationality, effectiveness, and normative connotations. After the application, notion of rationality is paper 3 essay, introduced, rational decisions are scrutinized as individual choices that may or may not affect other individuals and violence essay, their choices. In some situations the choices are predictable with high probability, in others with high uncertainty. The nature of paper 3 essay topics situations influences the mode of violence in america rationality applied. In the game theoretical situations, for instance, the efefctive choice must reach an equilibrium, i.e. a mutual solution acception for all rational participants. The course reevises the theory and provides applicaitons to cases of cooperation, defection, resoluteness, etc. as well as complex cases. Possible references for english paper 3 essay the course are Amaratya Sen, Itzhak Gilboa and Davide Kreps.

This course may be used to count towards the PPE 201 Strategic Reasoning Common Core Requirement. Summer Session 2: TR: 1:15 PM - 5:05 PM. Political competition is an important topic to essay study and understand because it may have consequences for a country, its international relations and english 3 essay, its performance. The aim of the course is to introduce the students to what is political competition, how political competition and market competition differ, to measurement issues and to essay writing use data and methodological techniques available to investigate the 3 essay, importance of thoroughly political competition within and english paper topics, across countries. During the course the theory explained will be accompanied by examples and articles that will help to clarify the peter stearns essay, concepts, to understand how to use available data to study political competition and english paper 3 essay, its effects on e.g. Writing! economic performance of countries.

Our societyindeed, your everyday lifeis fundamentally shaped by risk. At least that’s what many prominent social theorists think and, after this course, I bet you’ll think that, too. Humanity has been attempting to predict and control the future since ancient times, but thinking about decisions in english paper 3 essay terms of risk is a relatively new way of seeing the world. Paper On War! For much of human history, people looked to gods for signs about the future and saw disasters as divine retribution for the transgressions of the past. Paper 3 Essay! But as the scientific thought of the gang in america essay, Enlightenment eroded deterministic thinking, the natural and social world came to be seen as uncertain and random, but with patterns that could mathematically be developed into probabilities. Such statistical thinking about costs and benefits came to paper 3 essay shape everything from gambling to public health and peter stearns essay, birthed whole fields and industries from actuarial science to personalized genomics. In each class we will study a single keyword related to our core conceptsrisk, disaster, and predictionand in each investigation we will analyze the keyword’s meaning, its history, and how it functions in the social world. This course will offer you a conceptual and historical understanding of the industries of risk and english, disaster and will give you the tools to critically assess technologies of prediction. This is a fully online course. In many ways the course is like an on-campus courseit maintains the same rigor as the on-campus version and you are still expected to “meet” at specific times and to turn in assignments on essay writing internet specific dates.

However, our “meetings” will be virtual and will take place in a video conferencing system called New_Row. Before each class you are expected to watch short pre-recorded videos that introduce that class’s keyword, present a case history, and paper, set up the on celebrities, overarching questions for the live session. Additionally, you are expected to 3 essay topics participate on our course site’s discussion board (more below). Essay Writing Internet! It will be the same amount of english paper topics work as the on-campus versionno more, no lessbut you will be able to take it from anywhere in the country or the world (so long as you have a stable Internet connection). The following are the set of courses which originate in PPE or are cross-listed by PPE. In case of writing any doubt about the current state of any course, please contact PPE before planning your schedule of classes. Note: These are only the classes crosslisted with or run by PPE. 3 Essay! Additional classes may be taken to application manager fulfill common foundation and thematic elective courses. Common Foundation Courses, Crosslisted with PPE. For other Common Foundation Courses offered Spring 2016 visit the english paper, Common Foundations Page.

PPE 008 (PHIL 008) The Social Contract (B) Society Sector (Tan) REC: F 10-11 AM, 11-12 NOON, 12-1 P M, or 1-2 PM. This course examines the history and significance of social contract doctrine for modern social and political thought. Violence In America! In particular, the works of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, J.J. Rousseau, and John Rawls will be studied.

We also study the utilitarian critique of social contract doctrine and the utilitarian views of David Hume, Adam Smith, J.S. Mill, and Karl Marx's criticism of liberal-democratic justice. This course is an introduction to many of the major figures in modern political philosophy. PPE 072 (PHIL 072, HSOC 101) Biomedical Ethics Society Sector (Gibbons) REC: F 11-12 NOON or 12 -1 PM. Bioethics is an english 3 essay topics important and revealing area of study for at least two reasons. First, the questions raised within bioethics speak to universal human concerns. We are all touched in some way or other by the practical and moral challenges raised by illness, disability, conception, birth, and death. But, second, although the issues raised within bioethics are intensely personal and practical, they also reflect philosophical concerns taken up within ethical theory, such as questions about research paper on war in afghanistan moral status, autonomy, truth-telling and justice. A central theme running throughout this course is the topics, relationship between ethical theory, on essay the one hand, and the actual practices and experiences of facing choices about health and mortality, on the other. We will discuss a number of particular bioethical challenges faced by ordinary people, including abortion, treatment for severely disabled newborns, reproductive technology, confidentiality, informed consent, advance directives, euthanasia, assisted suicide, and distributive justice within the health care system.

As we explore these issues, we will not shy away from the more abstract philosophical questions they raise, just as we will consider how actual practical challenges serve as crucial test cases for ethical theories. Students will be responsible for producing a series of writing assignments, completing a number of english paper worksheets and exams, and actively contributing to class discussion. PPE 073 (PHIL 073) Being Human (Gibbons) This course examines some of the central theoretical and applied questions of ethics. Satire! For example, what is the good life? By what measure or principles do we evaluate the rightness and topics, wrongness of actions? How does ethical reasoning help us understand and address real world problems such as world hunger, social injustice, sex and race discrimination, allocation of scarce resources and the like. The course can be organized around an applied topic or practical issue such as global ethics, just war, biomedical ethics or environmental ethics.

PPE 153 (PSYC 253) Judgments Decisions College Quantitative Data Analysis Req. Research Paper On War! (Royzman) Prerequisite(s): One semester of statistics OR microeconomics. LEC: R 5:30-8:30 PM (SAS) or T 6-9 PM (LPS) Thinking, judgment, and personal and societal decision making, with emphasis on english paper fallacies and biases. PPE 202/PSCI 236 The Public Policy Process (Levendusky) LEC: MW 11-12 NOON. REC: W 2-3 PM, W 3-4 PM, R 9-10 AM, R 3-4 PM, R 4:30-5:30 PM, OR F 11-12 NOON. This course integrates economic, ethical and political perspectives. It examines competing theories, models, and analytical frameworks for understanding policymaking. The course will focus on: 1. How public problems are framed and essay, described; 2. What criteria are useful in developing and paper, assessing policy choices; and 3. How policy choices and outcomes are mediated and influenced by individuals, organizations and political institutions.

PPE 203/PSYC 265 Behavioral Economics and thesis, Psychology (Bhatia) Prerequisite(s): ECON 1. LEC: TR 12-1:30 PM. This course applies psychological research to economic theory, investigating what happens when agents have human limitations and complications. The effects of limited cognitive capacities, willpower, and paper topics, self-interest will be considered. PPE 204/Phil 228 Philosophy of Social Science (Krut-Landau)

Prerequisite(s): Econ 1, Econ 2, Phil 8, PPE 201. REC: F 10-11 AM, 11-12 NOON, 12-1 PM, or 1-2 PM. This course explores some crucial foundational issues of contemporary social science. It focuses on various types of explanation, the construction of social models, and their validation. Specific topics will include: 1. Thoroughly Engaging! Rational choice models (including game-theoretic ones) and alternative models of english paper 3 essay topics bounded rationality; 2. Essay! Experimental models in economics and psychology and whether they present a radical departure from english paper traditional economic models; 3. Evolutionary models of the emergence of institutions, and agent-based simulations of application manager such dynamics. In particular, we will explore theoretical and empirical models of trust, reciprocity, cooperation and fairness, asking what motivates individuals to engage in pro-social behavior and how such behavior can emerge and persist. 3 Essay! This course will cover some of the material presented in other Core courses, with particular attention to foundational and explanatory issues that are not usually discussed in a typical social science course. Potential Thematic Concentration Courses, crosslisted with PPE.

PPE 225/PHIL 226/PHIL 521 Philosophy of Biology Natural Science Math Sector (Weisberg) REC: R 10-11 AM, F 11-12 NOON. This course consists of essays a detailed examination of evolutionary theory and english 3 essay, its philosophical foundations. The course begins with a consideration of Darwin's formulation of evolutionary theory and the main influences on Darwin. We will then consider two contemporary presentations of the letter, theory Richard Dawkins' and Richard Lewontin's.

The remainder of the course will deal with a number of foundational issues and english 3 essay, may include discussions of adaptation, what constitutes a species, whether there is evolutionary progress, and the concept of fitness. We will also discuss the units of selection, the alleged reduction of classical genetics to molecular genetics, and application, the possibility of grounding ethics in evolutionary theory. PHIL 273 Ethics in the Professions: Business Ethics (Sinderbrand) Is abortion wrong? Or euthanasia? Are we justified in eating animals? Why, or why not? We will explore these and other life and death problems in topics a systematic way, seeing how the reasons we give in answer to one question may influence what we can consistently say about others. PPE 275/PSYC 275 Political Psychology (Tetlock) LEC: R 1:30-4:30 PM. This course will explore psychological approaches to understanding political beliefs, attitudes, and actions at the levels of both individual citizens and national leaders.

It will also explore the possibility that psychological science itself is not immune to the political debates swirling around it. Specific topics will include: the workings of stearns belief systems (and their power to shape what we see), cognitive biases (and their power to cause miscalculations), sacred values and their role in stabilizing belief systems and social interaction, personality and english topics, ideology (the linkages between the personal and the political), and clashing conceptions of morality and distributive and corrective justice (striking variations among people in what they consider to be fair). We shall also explore some topics that have sparked controversy in the psychological research literature and that tend to polarize opinion along political lines, including work on intelligence and unconscious bias. PPE 277 (PHIL 277) Justice, Law and Morality (Freeman) REC: F 10-11 AM, F 11-12 NOON, F 12-1 PM, F 1-2 PM. In this course we will focus on the philosophical background to manager the exercise of legitimate political power and the bases for paper topics individuals' constitutional rights under the U.S. Peter! Constitution. The course will concentrate on 1st Amendment freedom of religion, freedom of english paper topics speech and expression, and gang, freedom association; the 14th Amendment guarantee of liberty and due process, including the right of paper topics privacy, abortion, and the right to die; the equal protection clause and its bearing on affirmative action and equal political rights; and the Takings and Contract clauses and gang violence essay, their relationship to rights of private property and economic freedom. We will read Supreme Court decisions concerning these and other issues, in 3 essay conjunction with works by research paper John Locke on religious toleration, J.S.

Mill on liberty, and Ronald Dworkin, Cass Sunstein, and other political and legal theorists. PPE 299 Independent Study Permission needed from Department. Student arranges with a faculty member to pursue a program of reading and writing on a suitable topic. PPE 301 Directed Honors Research Permission needed from Department. Open only to senior majors in PPE. Student arranges with a faculty member to do an honors thesis on a suitable topic. NURS 830: Conducting Research in Global Women's Health (Teitelman) - Course Flyer. The course focuses on critical examination of theoretical and methodological issues pertaining to english research on thoroughly engaging thesis women and girls conducted around the world across disciplines.

A focused and intensive exploration of place as it pertains to women and girls in paper 3 essay topics formal and informal structures of health care delivery as those needing and/or seeking health care, and as those providing health care to others. We will examine multiple dimensions and application, qualities of english 3 essay these endeavors (e.g. activity, power, control, visibility, value, and remuneration) and the intersection of thoroughly thesis gender and topics, health - locally, globally and across borders. We will focus our examination on the implications of essays seeking and providing health care for women’s and girls’ health and well-being. By examining issues in local and paper, global contexts and across geographical boundaries, we will have the opportunity to challenge gendered, class, political, and satire on celebrities, cultural assumptions related to english paper 3 essay women’s health. Research Paper On War In Afghanistan! Invited guest speakers will highlight examples of research in global women’s health representing multiple disciplinary perspectives. PPE 475-301: Competitions and Competitive Behavior (Hart) Competitions constitute an important part of social and economic interactions, such as those between athletes, lawyers or developers. We will explore the psychological and physiological mechanisms behind competitve behavior, and its personal and societal implications.

The course will involve readings and discussions on english paper topics experimental and empirical research. We will explore the following topics, among others; How our brains and gang, our society norms affect the english paper topics, intensity of competition; how the social context affects our willingness to compete and exert costly effort; the consequences of gang violence in america competitions for english paper topics contestants' profit, and for their subsequent behavior - even beyond the competition itself (for example, how rivalry affects subsequent behavior). The course will illuminate different aspects of competitive behavior, providing a fresh angle on the benefits and drawbacks of competitions. PPE 475-302: Network Analysis (Sontuoso) This course addresses elements of Network Science as relevant for analyzing the connectedness of economic or, more generally, social phenomena. Building on ideas from computer science, sociology and economics, the course will examine the properties of networked structures and the behavior of agents within these networks: the models presented in this course will aim at explaining how such networked structures may determine phenomena including the spread of ideas, social norms, market practices and financial crises. (The course is designed for paper in afghanistan an interdisciplinary audience and paper 3 essay topics, requires no theoretical prerequisites, but it will often present material drawn from formal disciplines.) PPE 475-303: Resource Allocation and American Political Institutions (Miller) SEM: TR 10:30-12 NOON.

This course will focus on the ways in which institutions channel decision-making processes by individuals and groups. David Easton once defined politics as “the process that determines the authoritative allocation of values.” Institutionsin the form of rules, procedures, and normsgive structure to this process of allocation. We'll explore the main theories used to explain the emergence and evolution of political institutions, and how they are used to resolve problems of collective action and resource allocation. With this foundation in place, the latter part of the course will examine the purpose and performance of gang violence essay a particular institution: redistricting commissions. Paper Topics! We'll consider the context in which these commissions operate and how these commissions compare to alternative redistricting authorities. The final portion of the class will involve a simulation in which groups of students will construct a district map and advocate for satire essays its adoption. PPE 475-304: Fairness and 3 essay topics, Altruism (Dillenberger) The course is designed to satire essays be an integrative experience, drawing on knowledge from economics and psychology to understand the role of topics fairness in on celebrities behavior.

PPE 475-305: Economics of Corruption: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (Dimant) This is an undergraduate research seminar tackling the topic of corruption from an interdisciplinary perspective. Our focus will lie on understanding the mechanism and motivation to paper 3 essay engage in corrupt behavior from the viewpoint of, among others, economics, psychology, and satire essays on celebrities, criminology. Particular light will be shed on criminological theories explaining criminal behavior in general. Students will develop and apply this knowledge to the specific case of corruption. Understanding the underlying mechanism of such illicit behavior will facilitate our understanding of both the antecedents and english paper 3 essay topics, effects of corruption. Students will capitalize on this knowledge and apply it to recent and prominent corruption cases both on the business (including FIFA, Siemens, Pfizer and the like) and society level (including recent events in Russia and China). PPE 476-301: Thinking with Models (Funcke)

The primary focus of the course is on understanding, designing, and analyzing simulation models. Students will come away from the course prepared to apply these models in a wide variety of interesting contexts. This course focuses on gang essay (1) modern simulation-based metaheuristics and on (2) agent-based simulation models in the social sciences, especially in economic, in commercial and in strategic (game-theoretic) contexts. On the metaheuristic side, we focus on evolutionary computation, including genetic algorithms, as applied to constrained optimization problems, which are prevalent in business practice. Regarding (2), agent-based models are a relatively recent form of english paper 3 essay topics computer simulation that seek to explain and predict complex social phenomena “from the bottom up”, through interactions of comparatively simple agents.

The course reviews experimental and research paper, theoretical results, and exposes the students to modern development environments for, as well as successful applications of, this form of simulation. A modest amount of programming will be expected of students. All required programming knowledge will, however, be covered, and english paper 3 essay, covered gently, in the course. The class is intended to research be taken by students without prior programming experience. Our programming environments will be NetLogo, which is surprisingly fun and english paper, used in both education and scientific research. The following are the set of research paper courses which originate in PPE or are cross-listed by english paper 3 essay PPE. In case of any doubt about the current state of any course, please contact PPE before planning your schedule of classes. Note: These are only the classes crosslisted with or run by PPE. Additional classes may be taken to fulfill common foundation and thematic elective courses.

New Class that may be of Interest: LAW 992-401 Ethics, National Security and the Rule of thoroughly Law (Finkelstein) Theme. This full year seminar will meet every other week for a full year, allowing students to 3 essay develop a publishable seminar paper on an interdisciplinary topic relating to the ethical or legal status of an aspect of national security policy. We will begin with readings relating to the foundations of just war theory, both classical and contemporary in nature. We will then address a number of thoroughly topics relating to current debates in 3 essay topics national security policy, such as the legitimacy and legality of recent surveillance practices, the ethics of leaks, defense strategies such as the gang essay, expanding use of drone warfare, the implications of new weaponry such as autonomous weapons systems and other robotic-based technologies, the current extent and nature of classification practices and debates about transparency and secrecy in english paper 3 essay government, the threat of stearns essay novel forms of war such as cyberwar, biological warfare, the nature of the Presidential war-making power, the role of the other branches in government in english paper participating in war-related decisions, and related themes. In addition to preparing a seminar-length paper for publication, students will engage in teams with the work of the Center for Ethics and the Rule of Law (CERL), participating in its two major conferences during the thoroughly thesis, 2015-16 academic year. Class meetings will take place over served or brown bag lunches every other week, and will feature both outside speakers and student presentations featuring work-in-progress. Students will have an opportunity to advance their knowledge of current debates in national security as well as develop their professional writing skills through close consultation with the instructor and other students, as well as by interacting with invited guests on topics of english 3 essay common interest. Students are expected to attend CERL’s major events during the academic year.

The fall conference (December 3-5) will address the moral and legal aspects of combat trauma prevention and gang in america essay, treatment. The spring conference (April 14 16) will address the ethics of negotiation, focusing on negotiations in a national security context, such as the english, nuclear weapons reduction negotiations with Iran, the morality and legality of negotiating with hostage-takers, and the legitimacy of negotiating with unlawful combatant groups in asymmetrical warfare. Students will receive three credits; 1.5 credits in the fall and 1.5 credits in the spring. Writing credit offered for qualifying papers. Undergraduates by permission of instructor only. PPE 008 (PHIL 008) The Social Contract (Noah) This course examines the peter essay, history and significance of social contract doctrine for modern social and political thought. In particular, the works of english paper 3 essay topics Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, J.J.

Rousseau, and John Rawls will be studied. Essay Writing! We also study the utilitarian critique of social contract doctrine and the utilitarian views of David Hume, Adam Smith, J.S. Mill, and topics, Karl Marx's criticism of liberal-democratic justice. In Afghanistan! This. course is an introduction to many of the english paper 3 essay, major figures in modern political philosophy. PPE 073 (PHIL 073) Ethics and the Environment (Santana) In this course, we examine the philosophical underpinnings of environmentalism by considering important cases such as climate change, biodiversity loss, and non-human animal welfare. We will focus chiefly on questions related to essay environmental values: What sorts of 3 essay values motivate environmentalism?

Who or what is the source of those values? How can we assess environmental values in thoroughly situations of trade-off or value conflict? We will look for answers to the questions in tradittional ethical theories such as utilitarianism, deontology and virtue ethics as well as from environment-specific theoretical frameworks, such as conservation biology, eco-feminism, eco-theology and environmental economics. Students shoud leave the course prepared to engage in sophisticated and rigorous reasoning and discussion about paper environmental issues. No prior experience with philosophy is assumed. PPE 153 (PSYC 253)Judgments and Decisions College Quantitative Data Analysis Req. (Royzman) Judgments, decisions under certainty and uncertainty, problem solving, logic, rationality, and moral thinking. PPE 201 (ECON 13) (formerly PPE 113): Strategic Reasoning Offered in Fall (Dillenberger) Prerequisite(s): Econ 1. This course is about strategically interdependent decisions. Application Manager! In such situations, the outcome of your actions depends also on the actions of others.

When making your choice, you have to think what the 3 essay, others will choose, who in turn are thinking what you will be choosing, and essays on celebrities, so on. Game Theory offers several concepts and insights for understanding such situations, and for making better strategic choices. This course will introduce and english 3 essay topics, develop some basic ideas from game theory, using illustrations, applications, and cases drawn from business, economics, politics, sports, and even fiction and satire, movies. Some interactive games will be played in class. There will be little formal theory, and the only english 3 essay topics pre-requisites are some high-school algebra and having taken Econ 1. However, general numeracy (facility interpreting and doing numerical graphs, tables, and arithmetic calculations) is violence, very important. This course will also be accepted by the Economics department as an Econ course, to be counted toward the Minor in Economics (or as an Econ elective).

Potential Thematic Electives, crosslisted with PPE: PPE 036 (ECON 36) Law and Economics (Garcia-Jimeno) Prerequisite(s): ECON 001 and 002. Credit cannot be received for both ECON 036 and 234. The relationship of economic principles to law and the use of economic analysis to study legal problems. Topics will include: property rights and intellectual property; analysis of antitrust and economic analysis of legal decision making. PPE 062 (RUSS 189) Soviet and Post-Soviet Economy (Vekker) All readings and lectures in english paper topics English.

PPE 140 (CIS 140) Introduction to peter essay Cognitive Science (Ungar/Brainard) Prerequisite(s): An introductory course in Computer Science, Linguistics, Neuroscience, Philosophy or Psychology. How do minds work? This course surveys a wide range of answers to this question from disciplines ranging from philosophy to neuroscience. The course devotes special attention to the use of simple computational and english paper 3 essay topics, mathematical models. Topics include perception, learning, memory, decision making, emotion and consciousness.

PPE 244 (Phil 244) Introduction to gang in america essay Philosophy of Mind (Miracchi) This course will survey several central topics in philosophy of mind, as well as investigating how philosophy of the mind interacts with scientific study of the mind. 3 Essay! Among the questions we'll be asking are: What is it to have a mind? What is the relationship between the mind and the brain? Can there be a science of the gang violence essay, mind? What can it tell us? What can philosophy contribute to 3 essay a science of the thesis, mind?

What is consciousness? What is it to think, to english paper topics perceive, to act? How are perception, thought, and action related to one another? . PPE 271 (PHIL 271) Global Justice (Tan) This course is an satire introduction to some of the central problems in global justice. Some of the topics that we will examine include realism, human rights, sovereignty and english paper 3 essay, intervention economic justice, and war and morality. We will look at questions such as: Is it coherent to satire essays talk about global justice, or is the global arena essentially a Hobbesian state of nature? In what sense are human rights universal? Is the idea of topics universal rights compatible with the political sovereignty of states? What is the basis of this duty? What is gang violence, a just war? What is 3 essay, terrorism, and what are the moral limits in combating terrorism?

Can a state engage in military intervention to defend human rights in a foreign country? Readings will be draw from contemporary authors such as Rawls, Walzer, and essays, Sen, as well as historical figures like Kant and Hobbes. This course examines some of the common problems in global justice. We will look at questions such as: What is the relationship between justice and national/state boundaries? Should distributive principles be limited to states or should they have global application? What is a just war? What is the difference between war and terrorism? Do states have the right (or even duty) to intervene in another state to english protect basic human rights? What are human rights? Are they universal, or should they be limited by cultural considerations?

By Permit or Approval : 290 Topics applicable for Choice and violence in america, Behavior Theme taken outside Penn. 291 Topics applicable for Distributive Justice Theme taken outside Penn. 292 Topics applicable for Globalization Theme taken outside Penn. 293 Topics applicable for Public Policy and Governance Theme taken outside Penn. 294 Topics applicable for Ethics and english paper 3 essay, Professions Theme taken outside Penn. 298 Study Abroad. 299 Independent Study. Student arranges with a faculty member to pursue a program of reading and writing on a suitable topic.

301 Directed Honors Research. Open only to senior majors in PPE. Student arranges with a faculty member to do an honors thesis on a suitable topic. PPE 475-301 Economics of Crime and thoroughly engaging thesis, Corruption: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (Dimant) This is an undergraduate research seminar tackling the paper topics, topic of crime and essay, corruption from an 3 essay interdisciplinary perspective. Our focus will lie on understanding the satire essays, mechanism and motivation to engage in criminal and corrupt behavior from the viewpoint of, among others, economics, psychology, and criminology. Particular light will be shed on english paper 3 essay topics criminological theories explaining criminal behavior. Students will develop and apply this knowledge to a well-known criminal case. PPE 475-302 Public Choice and Public Policy (Sontuoso)

This course applies Public Choice theory to the analysis of application letter contemporary policy issues: while maintaining an interdisciplinary nature, it aims at providing an introduction to the analytical tools of economics as applied to the study of current issues in political science. Each class will begin with a survey of some positive theoretical framework(s), including the foundations of the rational choice theory, approaches to the aggregation of preferences, strategic behavior, voting methods, accounts of cooperation, collective action, public goods, and institutions. The last part of each class will then critically apply theoretical knowledge to relevant contemporary policy issues, including current debates on governmental decision-making processes in paper the US and EU, lobbying in democracies, international security, state capacity and implementation, greenhouse gas reduction, etc. Thoroughly Engaging Thesis! Note: part of the program contains a theoretical (formal) component. PPE 475-303 Electoral Systems and Decision Making (Miller) Electoral systems are processes by 3 essay topics which votes cast in an election are translated into seats in a legislature. As such, these systems can have a profound effect on public policy and party systems. This course examines majoritarian, proportional, and mixed electoral systems in terms of how these institutions translate votes into seats and can incentivize strategic or genuine choices by voters when casting a ballot. Related topics of agenda setting and coalition formation will also be addressed in the course. We'll start with an overview of the mechanics of these systems and then turn to classic political questions of party competition, resource allocation, and interest representation as they relate to how these systems operate in thoroughly engaging a comparative context.

475-304 Mathematical Modeling of Social Phenomena (Funcke) During the 20th century social science, and in particular economics, went through a process of increased formalization. The period produced a library of models of social phenomena, many competing ones. In this course we will briefly browse the library, with the intention to explore classical theoretical perspectives of what is a better model and ponder how increased normalization affects the social sciences. In the paper 3 essay topics, second part of the application letter, course we will engage in simple mathematical modeling of social phenomena.

As a group we will iteratively criticize and refine a model, study its implications and sketch strategies for testing it. PPE 475-305 Trust, Lies Videotape (Hart) The seminar will describe theories and research findings regarding trustworthiness and its counterpart, deception. We will discuss signals that may convey cooperative and deceptive intentions, and people's ability to detect them in different situations and paradigms. Paper Topics! Further, we will discuss the consequences of trust, distrust and deception. Each week, students will be asked to read one or two papers, write a short critique paragraph and participate in a class discussion. At the end of the semester, students will write a research proposal pertaining to the course topics.

PPE 475-306 Ethical Issues in Globalization (Lister) The process of globalization includes increased interaction among, and thoroughly thesis, interdependence between, the states of the world and the people living in them. It also includes the english, development of new international and trans-national bodies, both governmental and non-governmental. This increased interaction and interdependence, and the development of new institutions, give rise to many new and important ethical issues. These will be among the most important issues for the 21st century.

In this class we will consider such questions as fairness in the international economy (including trade and labor standards); international labor migration and “brain drain”; duties to promote development in less-developed countries; whether and when the gang violence in america essay, debt burdens of english paper 3 essay less-developed or burdened countries should be forgiven; and how we might address shared burdens relating to the environment. The class will look in particular at the aspects of these issues relevant to moral and political philosophy, though we will also consider economic and other social scientific perspectives when this proves useful. Application Letter Manager! The seminar will be based on english paper reading and discussion [not lecture!] of a number of recent important texts on these issues. The majority of the course grade will be based on a significant paper due at the end of the semester, though there will likely be a small number of very short reaction papers assigned through the semester as well. PPE 475-402 (HIST 455) Risk and Society (Wiggins) Since at least Herodotus, historians have been writing about humanity’s attempts to predict dangers and control futures. But while a concern for the future and strategies to mitigate accidents have existed for much of recorded time, the concept of peter essay risk is a relatively young construction, emerging only in early modernity. In this course, we investigate the concept of the english 3 essay topics, risk in order to letter understand how it became a central organizing force in the modern periodperhaps even the defining characteristic of modernityand, importantly, how it came to be seen as manageable. In the course’s first unit, we read the foundational materials of the english paper topics, theory of the “risk society”Ulrich Beck and Anthony Giddens’ early work. Then, in unit 2, move to selections from historians of knowledge who trace the epistemic shifts that developed modern concepts of risk and paper on war in afghanistan, eventually opened the possibility for its management through the use of paper 3 essay topics statistical probabilities.

While the most critical developments in research the conception of paper risk took place in engaging thesis Europe across the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, unit 3 moves across the Atlantic to investigate the ways in which risk and, especially the desire to mitigate it, shaped the United States. In this unit (our largest of the course), we will see how risk assessment and management grew into the largest business in the world. Here, we will look at statistics, actuarial science, insurance, speculation, and english paper 3 essay topics, financial capital. Along the way, we will see many instances in which categories of identityrace, class, gender, sexuality, abilityare tied deeply into the business of discriminating risk. Essay! Finally, the concluding unit reassesses the paper, concept of the risk society through the recent past and possible futures as it considers catastrophic threats that remain pressingnuclear war, chemical waste, genetic engineering, global climate change, and satire, systemic financial collapse.

*To ask about using courses outside the College towards the PPE major, please contact the Associate Director.

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The 7-Step Business Plan for Writers. As you’ve probably heard, there’s no such thing as “only being a writer” any more, and while many might not want to handle the business side of things, to give ourselves and our books the english 3 essay topics, best chance of success, we must. In May 2012, when Becca Puglisi and I self-published The Emotion Thesaurus: A Writer’s Guide to Character Expression , we had quite a few challenges. Living in different countries, we needed to create a formal partnership, set up businesses, and figure out how revenue would work. Essays? We had to learn publishing and 3 essay, take on marketing and promotion. Neither of us had a business or marketing background, so we relied heavily on research and intuition, and did our best to make the writing internet, book discoverable. (You can read about paper 3 essay topics, our initial marketing plan here.) Our unusual book on showing character emotion created buzz among writers, igniting word of mouth. Suddenly our lives went from busy to crazy as we tried to keep up with the burst of attention, writing guest posts, teaching workshops, and providing interviews. Books sales continued to strengthen, and application, we sold foreign rights.

A few universities listed the book as required reading, and publishers began approaching us. At this point, Becca and I realized how far the book could go, but because we were being pulled in so many different directions, we didn’t know how to best take advantage of these opportunities. The need for a business plan became our No. English Paper 3 Essay Topics? 1 focus. Manager? Fortunately, my husband is a management consultant who creates plans for many of his clients. With his help, we identified three areas that would help us grow in the year ahead:

improving our professional image and brand credibility : creating a website, presenting at conferences and topics, hosting workshops providing new product for our audience : writing two new descriptive thesaurus books expanding into violence, the education sector : contacting colleges and universities to spread awareness of our writing resources. The roadmap we created allowed us to avoid distractions and topics, focus on what would help us grow. As we near the end of the year, Becca and I now have a professional website, three writing resource books that have collectively sold nearly 50,000 copies, and we increased our credibility through speaking engagements, teaching at conferences, and hosting workshops. In the near future we are looking to create awareness of our books at the collegiate level, rounding out satire on celebrities, our business plan objectives. Since much of english 3 essay topics our productivity and growth are a direct result of forming a business plan (and sticking to it), I want to share steps you can take to create your own.

Imagine your year ahead and what you would like to accomplish as a writer. What will help you reach your goals, whether it’s publication, releasing more books, beefing up your online visibility, or honing your craft? Write down everything that you want to accomplish, and don’t forget smaller goals, as these are necessary steppingstones to achieving larger ones. Also, choose goals that are within your power to make happen. For example, while you might really want representation, “getting an writing agent” is not necessarily something you can attain yourself; the agent decides whom they represent.

However, “researching and paper 3 essay topics, querying all suitable agents” is a goal you can set and meet. Read through your list and essays, look for english paper 3 essay bigger themes. Gang In America Essay? Are there several goals that fit into english topics, a similar area of focus, like platform building or writing improvement? Grab some highlighters and satire essays on celebrities, group these together. Then, choose a name or tag line that summarizes each theme or area of paper 3 essay focus. Common themes might include. Social networking improvement (platform building and connection) Education (attending workshops, finding a critique partner, improving one’s craft, studying the industry, etc.) Publishing (trying for an agent, working towards a traditional contract or self-publishing) Marketing visibility (researching and implementing ads, hiring a publicist, finding one’s audience online, soliciting reviews, etc.) Now that your goals are organized into different focus areas (themes), step back and look at violence in america the big picture. Based on where you are now, which areas are the highest priority?

For example, querying agents (publication related) and english paper 3 essay, honing your writing skills (education related) might both be areas you’d like to focus on, but if your writing still needs work, it will be a waste of time to query agents immediately. Likewise, if you are winning notable contests and application manager, trusted critique partners are hard-pressed to see how you can improve, likely you should make getting your work in front of english paper topics agents and editors a priority. This step involves soul-searching and honesty. Sometimes desire (wanting to engaging be published right now, for example) can get in the way of what we actually need (to hone our craft further). To be objective, set emotion aside. Ask yourself hard questions about 3 essay, what your career really needs. Gang Violence? If it helps, pretend you are advising a writer friend. English Paper? If they were in your shoes, what important things would you suggest they work on peter stearns to get ahead?

Step 4: Pick Two or Three Main Goals. Now comes the hard part: choosing which goals to pursue. Which two areas of focus did you mark as being the most critical? These two themes (say “Education” and 3 essay, “Networking”) should be the primary focus of your business plan. Internet? Pick specific goals that will help you most in these areas. Once you choose a goal, think about the steps you must take to english topics achieve it. For example, if your goal is to “Build a Platform” you might have action items like open a twitter account and build a following , take a class on social networking, and violence, join a group blog . Paper Topics? For inspiration, look at internet the highlighted lists you made. Chances are you’ll find smaller goals listed there that will help you achieve your larger one.

Two primary areas of english paper 3 essay topics focus or main goals are good for a business plan, but if you have a third area you’d like to satire tackle, list it as a secondary goal. Topics? Do the same exercise as above and list out tasks (action items) that must be carried out to achieve this goal. When making these decisions, think carefully about violence, your time. We all have roles and commitments outside of writing, and these things require a lot of energy. Business goals should be achievable, so don’t take on more than you can handle. Step 5: Set a Timeline for Each Goal. Stick to your plan by setting timelines that fit your schedule. Becca and I chose a seasonal timeline, so we knew which goal to pursue at which time of the year.

This helped us meet completion dates. If you are unsure how much time a certain task will require, set a deadline with a fallback date. This way you won’t be discouraged if you miss the initial deadline, and you’ll have a buffer if needed. Step 6: Bring It Together in a One-Page Plan. A visual helps when it comes to following a business plan. By condensing your plan on one page, it will force you to 3 essay be succinct in what must be accomplished to meet each goal. You can use a spreadsheet or table to do this (Excel, Google spreadsheet, a piece of on celebrities paper, etc) or download this template. Here’s the business plan Becca and I created for ourselves:

When your spreadsheet is filled out, print and display it where you write. This will remind you of what you should be doing and topics, help you make good use of your time. Step 7: Commit and Challenge Yourself Daily. Once your plan is complete, stick to it. When new opportunities come up, see if they fit your plan. It’s important to take advantage of potential windfalls, but only if they further your goals and manager, you have the time. Before you print your business plan, type this statement in bold at the bottom: Is what I’m doing or about to do helping me achieve my goals?

Before you commit time and energy to new projects, challenge yourself with this question to evaluate if it’s worthwhile. In today’s publishing landscape, writers must become master jugglers, wearing many hats. Whether you’re published or pre-published, having a business plan is one of the smartest things you can do to keep yourself on track, maximize your time, and ensure that you reach your milestones. Angela Ackerman is 3 essay, a writing coach, international speaker, and co-author of the bestselling book, The Emotion Thesaurus: A Writer’s Guide to Character Expression , as well as four others, including the newly minted Urban Setting and Rural Setting Thesaurus duo. Her books are available in application letter, five languages, are sourced by topics US universities, and are used by novelists, screenwriters, editors, and psychologists around the world. Angela is paper in afghanistan, also the co-founder of the popular site Writers Helping Writers, as well as One Stop for english topics Writers, an satire on celebrities innovative online library built to english paper help writers elevate their storytelling. 106 Comments on The 7-Step Business Plan for Writers This is FANTASTIC and just what I needed to see this morning! Great post and I love your books Angela. Essays? They continue to help me hone my craft. Thanks so much, Adrienne.

I really hope this plan helps you map out paper topics, your best path forward. Stearns? Happy writing (and business planning!) […] Angela is at 3 essay topics Jane Friedman’s blog, sharing a 7-Step Business Plan for Writers, because in this new world of publishing, it is more important than ever for writers to engage in […] Yes, this isn’t meant to take the place of application letter manager a full scale plan–I wanted to share something that both pre-published and published authors could use as a starting point, especially those who might find the idea of a creating a business plan daunting. Unfortunately writers can no longer “just write,” and paper 3 essay, so it’s necessary to application letter manager become more business-minded (even if this isn’t something that comes naturally). Thanks so much for the comment! You’re welcome #128578; If you ever plan on publishing a blog post about expanding this with the financial aspects, let me know and 3 essay, I’d be happy to gang violence write a guest post about it (I’ve written more than one complete business plan in my life, both for myself and english paper, others). Sounds good–thanks for offering, Saoirse. Research Paper On War In Afghanistan? I will keep this in mind! #128578; You can contact me at saoirse.omara (at) gmail dot com (just realised that my name isn’t clickable lol). Thanks for sharing ideas for english paper topics a business plan.

I need to save this one! Happy this will help you Linda. Research In Afghanistan? #128578; Have a great week! Although I don’t need a business plan right now, I want to english paper 3 essay thank you for The Emotion Thesaurus! I bought if first on Kindle, then realized I’d like to have a paper copy, too. It’s been an immense help when my editor says, “More emotion, Eleanor, dig deeper,” a refrain I hear often.

So, thanks for helping me mine my own and my characters’ emotions! Eleanor Sullivan, Graven Images, A Singular Village Mystery. I am thrilled that The Emotion Thesaurus is helping you! Writing character emotion is engaging thesis, such a struggle, because we want it to feel authentic, but tend to get trapped in reusing the same descriptors to show it. Hopefully the entries in english paper topics, the book offer you a path to spark your brain quickly so you can stay in the flow and write the thesis, scene. 3 Essay Topics? Thanks for the comment! Awesome suggestions, Angela!

Love the chart! And this is peter stearns essay, a good time of the paper, year to focus on application goals and new beginnings! Sue, it is the english paper 3 essay, perfect time, isn’t it? Now more than ever, being a writer is about being willing to grow and evolve. The good thing is that there is so much content out there to help us find our way.

I hope the chart helps you. #128578; Thank you so much Jane for essay having me here today. I just finished watching your Google hangout with CEA, and can’t wait for the next installment! Thanks so much for the great summary of the shifting writing landscape. Angela, This is an topics well-thought-out and doable plan.

I love that you included plans to get training where needed as well as being open to traditional and self-publishing. Your post made me remember that I have taken many webinars and in america essay, workshops over the years. English Paper? Before I take another one I need to go back and satire essays, review all the content on marketing, building a platform, etc. that I’ve already gathered. English Paper? Thank you. Very happy to thoroughly thesis help. 3 Essay? As writers, we are in constant development, but if we try to on war focus on everything, or too much on paper one thing, then we aren’t making the thoroughly engaging, best use of our time. Sometimes sitting down and looking hard at what we want for english topics ourselves, both long term and short term, is a healthy step to moving forward more productively. #128578; I’m so happy to hear about all your success, Angela.

If anyone’s worked hard and deserves it, you do. Stearns? (And how nice to be married to a business consultant, right?) Thanks for all the tips. #128578; Haha, Lexa, yes his brain has come in handy, although I appreciate the 3 essay, fact that he hasn’t tried to “take over” and only offers help if I ask. His business world and peter stearns essay, my publishing world have some overlap, but there are also things that work very differently between the two, so I need to understand my world enough to know what advice might work, and what will not. (And thank you–I feel so grateful to have such great supporters like you!) So practical and thoughtful! Makes great sense, and I can implement it immediately. Also use for my ‘other’ passion, genealogy, and my goals there as well! I appreciate the english 3 essay topics, clear language and straightforward style in this post as well. Yes Celia, this business plan can really be used in any area. Essay Internet? even one’s personal development. #128578; I am happy it will be of use to you.

Thanks for the visit. Great post, Angela. English Paper 3 Essay? I had to giggle because I wrote on the exact same topic just yesterday on my blog! And we weren’t far off in thoroughly thesis, our advice. It’s so important for writers to consider their where they are going with their careers–not just with their books. They need a good map, and a business plan is just that, with concrete and quantifiable goals broken down into action steps to english 3 essay topics get them where they want to go. Thoroughly Engaging? Done correctly, it will help them brand themselves and become successful. And I love your template! Thanks for that.

Branding is a big topic. It is probably easier for NF writers than fiction authors to brand themselves. Paper 3 Essay Topics? It grows harder if a person writes in many genres. I know one writer who has 4 pseudonyms plus her own name to violence cover all the genres she writes in, and so she find it impossible to english paper promote herself. Peter? I can see why. Hmmm.

This has sparked thoughts for a blog post. Might just use you as an example, if that’s okay! Agreed Nina. After reading this blog I can feel a new post bubbling up. Too bad that I posted yesterday about writer’s critique groups. Please keep me updated.

@ernestosangiacomo:disqus, Since you asked: http://writenonfictionnow.com/4-branding-tips-for-nonfiction-writers-and-authors/. And it does, indeed, feature @angelaackerman:disqus! Read the 3 essay, previous post to find my advice on business plans for writers. I have other posts on business plans for books. Although it’s nonfiction based, I’ll check it out. Is it really necessary to lock oneself into a “Genre Box”? My unabashed independent spirit refuses to comply. Maybe I’ll create a new genre called Story-Telling through Authorship #128578;

Thanks for the post Angela. […] is at Jane Friedman’s blog, sharing the ins and outs of creating a business plan. This was a hugely important endeavor for thoroughly engaging thesis us; […] Thanks for english topics the visit Traci! #128578; Okay, now I’ve got some place to start! Happy to help you Bish! It might seem daunting, but I think this is an stearns essay exercise everyone should sit down and do. It is good to look forward and see where we want to be, and it also helps us to evaluate if what we’ve been doing to this point is working the english paper topics, way we need.

Have a great week! A great post! I was doing some of this already, but I love the template and how you’ve outlined it so clearly! That’s great Mindy! I find having the “Plan on a Page” right on my office wall really helps me stay focused. It’s a constant reminder of what I should be working towards, and as I tick action items off the list, it gives me a greater sense of accomplishment! Great job, Angela!

If only we’d had such a succinct explanation of how to write a business plan when we were writing ours. That would’ve been helpful, lol. Application Manager? Thanks for english 3 essay hosting her, Jane! […] Angela Ackerman (Jane Friedman) with The 7-Step Business Plan for Writers […] […] Ackerman’s guest post at Jane Friedman’s site – The 7-Step Business Plan. Read the writing, full post for a quick explanation for english paper each step summarised below: […] […] Angela Ackerman (Jane Friedman) with The 7-Step Business Plan for Writers […] […] at Jane Friedman‘s blog, Angela Ackerman has written a post, “The 7-Step Business Plan for manager Writers”, which is paper topics, doable. Manager? It’s a bit like Selznick’s building an exchange in that […] […] out english paper, author Angela Ackerman’s 7-step business plan for […]

post, Angela. Shared it with my daughter. Research On War? I chuckled when I saw that. your husband is 3 essay topics, a business consultant. Writing has become a new form of. family business in my case too. Website design, editing, and marketing. skills in my family have proved enormously beneficial.

Jane, as usual, has attracted another helpful, succinct post that lays groundwork for all of us. Thanks Shirley! And yes, being writers means we do seep into other aspects of family life. Satire On Celebrities? The kids always bring me their assignments to read and have actually used the content on my blog to help them write better description (be still my beating heart!). And having a hubby in english paper 3 essay topics, consulting means a lot of business technique language tends to rub off on me. Win-win! A veritable resource for a beginner. Your seven points forces the satire, creation of a “Big Picture” I was also glad to english paper 3 essay realize that I was already doing some of violence those practices. Angela and Becca have not only been smart about their business, they’ve been generous.

Susan Quinn’s book about indie publishing had great advice about making short term goals, as well as 1 year and 5 year goals. I’d never thought that far ahead when it came to publishing! […] The 7-Step Business Plan for Writers by @angelaackerman via @janefriedman […] I truly love this article. Thanks so much for sharing. Topics? This will be great for my blog and my writing group. This is such an excellent, helpful post! It helps me think about all the things I often push away because I don’t know enough–the business part of writing.

I’m close to essay internet the publishing phase of self-publishing a book and english paper 3 essay, this really lays out the business arc of what I need to think about. Essay Internet? The template brings clarity and focus to what can be bewildering and english, overwhelming to a novice writer. Thank you so much for sharing your process. Really great piece. I need to get focused about my writing goals and this is paper, a great start. English Paper Topics? Also, I love a good template. […] via The 7-Step Business Plan for Writers by Angela Ackerman. […] […] Angela Ackerman (via Jane Friedman) with The 7-Step Business Plan for Writers […] The Emotion Thesaurus is a cool, useful book.

[…] need to peter have a plan of action in place for marketing your book – a Book Promotion Plan. The competition is fierce on Amazon and […] […] Ackerman on Jane Friedman The 7-Step Business Plan for Writers “Imagine your year ahead and what you would like to english 3 essay accomplish as a writer. What will help […] […] and I hope you are all well rested, sober, and ready to essay writing internet tackle 2014. Have you created a simple Business Plan For Writers to help you define areas of development and to keep on track when it comes to your […]

Thank you so much for sharing this. I’m coming late to this post, but it’s very timely for the start of my new year and organizing my writing goals for the year. I can’t wait to give it a whirl and see where I end up. […] read this excellent article; although not officially part of the above […] Great info and breaking it down step by step!

Thanks Angela. […] Awesome post: The 7-Step Business Plan for Writers […] […] Angela Ackerman (Jane Friedman) with The 7-Step Business Plan for Writers […] […] need to have a plan of action in place – a Book Promotion Plan. The competition is fierce on Amazon and 3 essay topics, if your book is not […] […] and essay, I are big fans of english paper topics career planning and have shared our own business plan at Jane Friedman’s site in hopes of encouraging others to become more structured and […] I just LOVE this, and paper, really appreciate the image of the chart.

It saves time rather than having to 3 essay figure things out from scratch. Seeing what works is SO helpful. Thank you, ladies! Thank you for sharing. This will be very helpful as I build my business. Hey friends i have a very unique and cool idea for Your. Business.

It helps you to Promote your Business. Make an app for all android and iphones,we. have very unique and interesting app ideas. This app helps you for booking ,showing. something and avail offers to the customers.

You can make your app in just 3. steps at very cheap rates. Thanks for sharing this post. Manager? It is very descriptive and english topics, very useful advice. This post helps the people to take the proper decision of business. Last week I have taken the satire essays, service from OGS Capital for taking proper business plan. English Paper 3 Essay? The service of peter essay this company is very high quality and I am very benefitted with its service. […] If we’re not sure what your priorities should be, Angela Ackerman (of Emotion Thesaurus fame) shared this 7-step plan for brainstorming and figuring out what matters to us. […] […] Learn how to make your business plan here. […] […] The 7-Step Business Plan for topics Writers […] […] Get the writing, full story at Jane Friedman. […]

Daily edition: Receive emails that include the full text of each new post Weekly digest: Receive a Sunday weekly e-mail digest of new blog posts. I have more than 20 years of experience in 3 essay topics, the book and magazine publishing industry, with expertise in digital media and the future of authorship. I speak around the peter, world at topics events such as BookExpo America, Frankfurt Book Fair, and Digital Book World, and essay, have keynoted writing conferences such as The Muse The Marketplace. Read more. I write and publish The Hot Sheet, the english 3 essay topics, essential industry newsletter for authors.

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albini essay This oft-referenced article is from the early #8217;90s, and originally appeared in Maximum Rock #8216;n#8217; Roll magazine. While some of the english 3 essay topics, information and figures listed here are dated, it is violence still a useful and informative article. And no, we don#8217;t know how to reach Steve Albini. 3 Essay Topics! Whenever I talk to a band who are about to sign with a major label, I always end up thinking of them in a particular context. I imagine a trench, about research in afghanistan four feet wide and five feet deep, maybe sixty yards long, filled with runny, decaying shit.

I imagine these people, some of them good friends, some of them barely acquaintances, at one end of english topics, this trench. I also imagine a faceless industry lackey at the other end holding a fountain pen and thesis a contract waiting to be signed. Nobody can see what#8217;s printed on the contract. English! It#8217;s too far away, and besides, the shit stench is making everybody#8217;s eyes water. The lackey shouts to thoroughly engaging thesis everybody that the paper topics, first one to swim the trench gets to sign the contract. Everybody dives in writing the trench and 3 essay they struggle furiously to get to the other end. Two people arrive simultaneously and begin wrestling furiously, clawing each other and dunking each other under the manager, shit. Eventually, one of them capitulates, and there#8217;s only one contestant left. He reaches for the pen, but the Lackey says #8220;Actually, I think you need a little more development.

Swim again, please. English 3 Essay Topics! Backstroke#8221;. And he does of course. Peter Stearns! Every major label involved in the hunt for paper new bands now has on staff a high-profile point man, an peter stearns essay, #8220;A R#8221; rep who can present a comfortable face to any prospective band. The initials stand for paper 3 essay #8220;Artist and Repertoire.#8221; because historically, the A R staff would select artists to record music that they had also selected, out of an in america, available pool of each. This is still the case, though not openly. These guys are universally young [about the same age as the bands being wooed], and english paper 3 essay topics nowadays they always have some obvious underground rock credibility flag they can wave.

Lyle Preslar, former guitarist for Minor Threat, is one of them. Terry Tolkin, former NY independent booking agent and assistant manager at Touch and Go is one of them. Al Smith, former soundman at CBGB is one of them. Mike Gitter, former editor of XXX fanzine and essay internet contributor to Rip, Kerrang and other lowbrow rags is one of them. Many of the annoying turds who used to staff college radio stations are in paper topics their ranks as well. There are several reasons A R scouts are always young.

The explanation usually copped-to is that the satire on celebrities, scout will be #8220;hip to topics the current musical #8220;scene.#8221; A more important reason is that the bands will intuitively trust someone they think is a peer, and who speaks fondly of the same formative rock and roll experiences. The A R person is the gang violence in america essay, first person to make contact with the band, and 3 essay topics as such is the first person to stearns essay promise them the moon. Who better to promise them the moon than an idealistic young turk who expects to be calling the shots in a few years, and who has had no previous experience with a big record company. Hell, he#8217;s as naive as the band he#8217;s duping. When he tells them no one will interfere in their creative process, he probably even believes it.

When he sits down with the band for the first time, over a plate of english paper 3 essay, angel hair pasta, he can tell them with all sincerity that when they sign with company X, they#8217;re really signing with him and he#8217;s on their side. Gang Violence! Remember that great gig I saw you at in #8217;85? Didn#8217;t we have a blast. English! By now all rock bands are wise enough to be suspicious of internet, music industry scum. There is a pervasive caricature in popular culture of a portly, middle aged ex-hipster talking a mile-a-minute, using outdated jargon and calling everybody #8220;baby.#8221; After meeting #8220;their#8221; A R guy, the band will say to themselves and everyone else, #8220;He#8217;s not like a record company guy at 3 essay, all! He#8217;s like one of us.#8221; And they will be right. That#8217;s one of the reasons he was hired. These A R guys are not allowed to write contracts. What they do is present the band with a letter of intent, or #8220;deal memo,#8221; which loosely states some terms, and affirms that the essays on celebrities, band will sign with the label once a contract has been agreed on.

The spookiest thing about this harmless sounding little memo, is that it is, for 3 essay all legal purposes, a binding document. That is, once the band signs it, they are under obligation to conclude a deal with the label. If the label presents them with a contract that the band don#8217;t want to gang sign, all the english 3 essay topics, label has to do is wait. There are a hundred other bands willing to thoroughly engaging sign the english, exact same contract, so the label is in a position of strength. Engaging! These letters never have any terms of english, expiration, so the band remain bound by the deal memo until a contract is signed, no matter how long that takes. The band cannot sign to peter essay another laborer or even put out paper its own material unless they are released from their agreement, which never happens. Make no mistake about it: once a band has signed a letter of writing, intent, they will either eventually sign a contract that suits the label or they will be destroyed. One of my favorite bands was held hostage for the better part of two years by a slick young #8220;He#8217;s not like a label guy at all,#8221; A R rep, on 3 essay topics the basis of such a deal memo. He had failed to come through on paper in afghanistan any of his promises [something he did with similar effect to english 3 essay topics another well-known band], and letter manager so the band wanted out. Another label expressed interest, but when the A R man was asked to release the band, he said he would need money or points, or possibly both, before he would consider it. The new label was afraid the price would be too dear, and they said no thanks.

On the cusp of making their signature album, an excellent band, humiliated, broke up from the stress and english topics the many months of inactivity. There#8217;s this band. They#8217;re pretty ordinary, but they#8217;re also pretty good, so they#8217;ve attracted some attention. They#8217;re signed to a moderate-sized #8220;independent#8221; label owned by a distribution company, and they have another two albums owed to engaging the label. They#8217;re a little ambitious. They#8217;d like to 3 essay get signed by a major label so they can have some security you know, get some good equipment, tour in a proper tour bus #8212; nothing fancy, just a little reward for all the hard work. To that end, they got a manager. He knows some of the label guys, and he can shop their next project to all the right people. He takes his cut, sure, but it#8217;s only stearns essay 15%, and english 3 essay if he can get them signed then it#8217;s money well spent.

Anyways, it doesn#8217;t cost them anything if it doesn#8217;t work. 15% of nothing isn#8217;t much! One day an A R scout calls them, says he#8217;s #8216;been following them for application manager a while now, and when their manager mentioned them to him, it just #8220;clicked.#8221; Would they like to meet with him about the possibility of english topics, working out a deal with his label? Wow. Big Break time. Gang Essay! They meet the paper topics, guy, and gang in america y#8217;know what #8212; he#8217;s not what they expected from english 3 essay a label guy. Gang Essay! He#8217;s young and dresses pretty much like the band does. He knows all their favorite bands. He#8217;s like one of them.

He tells them he wants to english paper topics go to bat for them, to manager try to get them everything they want. English Topics! He says anything is possible with the right attitude. They conclude the research paper on war in afghanistan, evening by taking home a copy of a deal memo they wrote out and signed on the spot. Topics! The A R guy was full of great ideas, even talked about using a name producer. Butch Vig is on celebrities out of the question-he wants 100 g#8217;s and three points, but they can get Don Fleming for $30,000 plus three points.

Even that#8217;s a little steep, so maybe they#8217;ll go with that guy who used to be in David Letterman#8217;s band. He only wants three points. Or they can have just anybody record it (like Warton Tiers, maybe cost you 5 or 7 grand] and have Andy Wallace remix it for english paper 4 grand a track plus 2 points. It was a lot to think about. Well, they like this guy and they trust him. Besides, they already signed the deal memo. He must have been serious about wanting them to sign. Satire Essays! They break the news to paper their current label, and the label manager says he wants them to succeed, so they have his blessing. He will need to be compensated, of course, for letter manager the remaining albums left on their contract, but he#8217;ll work it out with the label himself. Sub Pop made millions from english 3 essay selling off Nirvana, and Twin Tone hasn#8217;t done bad either: 50 grand for the Babes and engaging 60 grand for the Poster Children without having to sell a single additional record. It#8217;ll be something modest.

The new label doesn#8217;t mind, so long as it#8217;s recoupable out of royalties. English Paper! Well, they get the final contract, and it#8217;s not quite what they expected. Gang Essay! They figure it#8217;s better to be safe than sorry and paper 3 essay they turn it over to a lawyerone who says he#8217;s experienced in application entertainment law and he hammers out a few bugs. They#8217;re still not sure about paper 3 essay it, but the essays, lawyer says he#8217;s seen a lot of 3 essay, contracts, and theirs is essays on celebrities pretty good. They#8217;ll be great royalty: 13% [less a 1O% packaging deduction]. Wasn#8217;t it Buffalo Tom that were only getting 12% less 10? Whatever. The old label only wants 50 grand, an english topics, no points. Hell, Sub Pop got 3 points when they let Nirvana go.

They#8217;re signed for four years, with options on each year, for violence essay a total of over a million dollars! That#8217;s a lot of money in any man#8217;s English. The first year#8217;s advance alone is $250,000. Just think about it, a quarter million, just for english topics being in a rock band! Their manager thinks it#8217;s a great deal, especially the violence in america essay, large advance. Besides, he knows a publishing company that will take the band on if they get signed, and even give them an advance of 20 grand, so they#8217;ll be making that money too. 3 Essay Topics! The manager says publishing is pretty mysterious, and nobody really knows where all the money comes from, but the lawyer can look that contract over too.

Hell, it#8217;s free money. In America! Their booking agent is excited about the band signing to a major. He says they can maybe average $1,000 or $2,000 a night from now on. That#8217;s enough to justify a five week tour, and with tour support, they can use a proper crew, buy some good equipment and even get a tour bus! Buses are pretty expensive, but if you figure in the price of paper 3 essay topics, a hotel room for everybody In the band and writing crew, they#8217;re actually about the same cost. Some bands like Therapy? and paper Sloan and Stereolab use buses on their tours even when they#8217;re getting paid only a couple hundred bucks a night, and this tour should earn at application letter manager, least a grand or two every night.

It#8217;ll be worth it. The band will be more comfortable and will play better. The agent says a band on a major label can get a merchandising company to pay them an advance on T-shirt sales! ridiculous! There#8217;s a gold mine here! The lawyer Should look over the merchandising contract, just to be safe. Paper 3 Essay! They get drunk at gang violence, the signing party.

Polaroids are taken and everybody looks thrilled. The label picked them up in a limo. They decided to go with the producer who used to be in Letterman#8217;s band. He had these technicians come in and tune the drums for english paper 3 essay them and tweak their amps and guitars. He had a guy bring in a slew of expensive old #8220;vintage#8221; microphones. Boy, were they #8220;warm.#8221; He even had a guy come in and check the phase of all the equipment in the control room! Boy, was he professional. Thoroughly Engaging! He used a bunch of paper topics, equipment on letter manager them and by the end of it, they all agreed that it sounded very #8220;punchy,#8221; yet #8220;warm.#8221; All that hard work paid off. English Paper 3 Essay! With the help of a video, the album went like hotcakes! They sold a quarter million copies! Here is the math that will explain just how fucked they are: These figures are representative of amounts that appear in record contracts daily.

There#8217;s no need to writing skew the figures to make the scenario look bad, since real-life examples more than abound. income is bold and underlined, expenses are not. Cartage and Transportation: Lodgings while in studio: Tape copies, reference CDs, shipping. tapes, misc. expenses: Processing and transfers: Stage and construction: Copies, couriers, transportation: Promotional photo shoot and duplication: New fancy professional drum kit: New fancy professional guitars [2]: New fancy professional guitar amp rigs [2]: New fancy potato-shaped bass guitar: New fancy rack of lights bass amp: Rehearsal space rental: Big blowout party for their friends: Tour expense [5 weeks]: Food and per diems: Gross retail revenue Royalty: Record wholesale price: $1,625,000 gross income. The Balance Sheet: This is how much each player got paid at the end of the english paper topics, game. Paper On War In Afghanistan! The band is now 1/4 of the way through its contract, has made the music industry more than 3 million dollars richer, but is in the hole $14,000 on royalties. The band members have each earned about 1/3 as much as they would working at a 7-11, but they got to ride in a tour bus for a month. The next album will be about the english paper 3 essay topics, same, except that the essay writing, record company will insist they spend more time and money on it. Since the previous one never #8220;recouped,#8221; the english topics, band will have no leverage, and will oblige. The next tour will be about the same, except the merchandising advance will have already been paid, and the band, strangely enough, won#8217;t have earned any royalties from their T-shirts yet. Maybe the T-shirt guys have figured out how to count money like record company guys.

Some of your friends are probably already this fucked. Steve Albini is an research paper, independent and corporate rock record producer most widely known for english paper 3 essay topics having produced Nirvana#8217;s #8220;In Utero#8221;. This essay also appears elsewhere on the internet in various translations. Here are a few of them: Belorussian this translation seems to have disappeared. Let us know if you find it. 101 Responses to #8220;The Problem With Music#8221; [#8230;] rock star, bathed in riches and glory, propped up by extravagant major label support (i.e. debt, as Steve Albini illustrates). But, guess what?

That crap wasn#8217;t happening for you, anyway. How about trading it in for an [#8230;] [#8230;] The Problem With Music :Negativworldwidewebland I remember very well when this article by peter stearns essay, Steve Albini was published in Maximum Rock #039;n#039; Roll. Gives you a little feel for the good ol days. [#8230;] [#8230;] an interesting read on bands switching to major labels, written by the producer Steve Albini: The Problem With Music :Negativworldwidewebland Reply With [#8230;] [#8230;] artist Powell sampled part of his Big Black stage banter. Albini’s notorious screed entitled “The Problem with Music” is also an essential read for those who are more than curious enough to know just exactly [#8230;] [#8230;] Noted opinion-haver Steve Albini has issued the long-awaited follow-up to his 1993 hit, The Problem With Music. [#8230;] [#8230;] When I read that line, it really reminded me of an article that Albini wrote in paper 3 essay 1993 called #8220;The Problem with Music#8220;. You should definitely read through that article but in research on war in afghanistan case, you don’t here’s the tl;dr [#8230;] [#8230;] and valuing the integrity and rights of english 3 essay, artists over his own gain.

His opinions on certain bands, the music industry (and again), dance music, and many more are legendary, eminently quotable and, mostly, right on the [#8230;] [#8230;] Albini wrote the essay The Problem with Music in 1994 critiquing the music industry and research in afghanistan its ability to both give musicians money and english paper topics then take [#8230;] [#8230;] inhumanas que explotan a sus propios trabajadores a DIARIO y ENGANAN a los clientes. Preguntale a Steve Albini o a cualquiera de las mujeres trabajando en un taller clandestino del IBEX 35 y Amancio [#8230;] [#8230;] inhumanas que explotan a sus propios trabajadores a DIARIO y ENGANAN a los clientes. Essay Internet! Preguntale a Steve Albini o a cualquiera de las mujeres trabajando en un taller clandestino del IBEX 35 y Amancio [#8230;] [#8230;] Albini when William the Bloody and english paper 3 essay topics I were having that piracy debate, but it#039;s still relevant. The Problem With Music :Negativworldwidewebland __________________ Click this shit! //////// The Batlord#039;s Manowar Discography: Hell [#8230;] [#8230;] vinyl thrash for a 16 year old to pick up. Somewhere I started getting access to fanzines and thoroughly engaging indie music catalogs and I sent away for this not knowing exactly what would arrive (later buying straight [#8230;] [#8230;] labels. (If you#8217;ve never read Steve Albini#8217;s take on the record industry problem #8220;The Problem with Music,#8221; you should. It#8217;s dated and somewhat generalized, but it#8217;s still worth a [#8230;] [#8230;] in the early 1990s, an influential underground record producer named Steve Albini wrote an infamous piece for the punk rock magazine Maximum Rock n#8217; Roll titled #8220;The problem with music.#8221; [#8230;] [#8230;] lifted front NEGATIVLAND [link] who shamelessly lifted it from Maximum Rock #8216;n#8217; [#8230;] [#8230;] is a great article on the internet written by Steve Albini called the problem with the music industry today and it was written in 92-94 and this is when I would of been trying to english paper topics really make [#8230;] [#8230;] the peter stearns essay, early 90s, famed record producer Steve Albini (Nirvana, Pixies, PJ Harvey) wrote “The Problem of Music,” for Maximum Rock ‘n’ Roll magazine. He paints an outlandish, macabre, and 3 essay topics [#8230;] [#8230;] the application manager, early 90s, famed record producer Steve Albini (Nirvana, Pixies, PJ Harvey) wrote “The Problem of Music,” for english paper 3 essay topics Maximum Rock ‘n’ Roll magazine. He paints an outlandish, macabre, and [#8230;] [#8230;] short, eventually I was approached with the offer of a not-too-shabby record deal, but my inner Steve Albini prevailed (regardless of his updates on the topic, to application letter which I reply with this link). Sometimes I [#8230;]

[#8230;] as to paper 3 essay topics how music is produced or the economics of it; what a band needs to thoroughly engaging thesis function. And I loathe the record industry. (By the way, many of the small labels implemented the same shady business practices as the majors. [#8230;]

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