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Columbia University Financial Engineering program. Columbia MFE is a full-time program under the IEOR department. Electronics engineer from a premier institute in India. Plenty of experience as a trader in financial markets. Current student at Columbia MSFE program(03/13/2017) Yes. Columbia was the top on my list though. Out With! Had offers from GaTech and a few others.
Smooth interview process. Focuses more on the GRE Quant score compared to other programs. There was a 15 day refresher course, but it was quite basic really. I Include A Cover Letter With! Not sure what would have helped though, because in my case I was coming back to academics after a large break. Professional Development course to cover basic resume writing/Linkedin profile etc. which every other program has as well. ML, Optimization, Stochastic Calculus, Data Analysis - standard courses. There are a few good buy side courses as well, where you get a little hands on experience with some good projects - Asset Allocation and Algo Trading. Some professors here are quite brilliant I think.
Some are alright when it comes to teaching. Essay! As said before - all do good work. Presentations, recorded videos, class notes, some reference books. Matlab/Python/C++ - Mostly you can choose any programming language to do your assignments and projects. Programming I thought was the easiest skill to pick up here. I have taken some good projects in Asset Allocation and algorithmic trading classes so far. Plan to do a few more in machine learning. Got a few calls from the resume book - even without applying for the positions, but I think it depends on essays, the past experience you have as well. Essay On Hanging! There are plenty of networking events, plus you will be in New York. You will definitely get interviews from top firms if you are here, but to convert them will be up to you. In My Self! I think this could be better.
Standard courses which cover all the basics needed in Quantitative finance. Enough flexibility to choose from whatever add on skill you want to acquire. Not enough focus on essay out with, the buy side. Also, I wish I knew how important statistics were before coming here. Essay Proposing! Some earlier interviews would have gone much more smoothly.
Better refresher course. On Hanging Friends! Add a few really good programming courses as well. Will be doing my internship at a buy side firm in the summer. Looking for full time opportunities later on. Essay Solution! Finance background, no work experience before the program. Essay Out With Friends! Cornell MFE, Chicago MSFM. Essays! Not a difficult choice. There was no problem, a timely process. They used to out with have pre term. But it was cancelled. Essay! Python/SQL.
Data Analysis, Optimization for FE, Continuous-time Models, Quantitative Risk Management. The quality of essay out with, teaching was very good. Teaching assistants were very responsible. They were changing to teach more practical stuff on statistics and programming rather than just pricing. Primarily professor lecture notes. How Much 1000! Python, C++, R, Matlab. Essay On Hanging! They were shifting to practical programming tools like Python/R, which was pretty helpful for job interview. In the Fall Semester mostly individual homework. Group and essay writing, individual projects on various topics are done in the Spring esp on essay on hanging, selective courses.
Those courses are not as difficult as core courses. Mainly the Center for Career Education at Columbia, also MSFE Resume Book, some positions through the department. Good social interaction between different ethnical groups and nationalities. Of course, people having the comparative, same mother language would prefer communicating more in it to out with people from 1000, their countries rather than in English. Good brand, very good faculty, courses are practical. Career service is not that strong compared to CMU/Baruch etc. Establish better relationships with the out with, financial industry in order to improve career placement. Entry level at should a cover with my resume Morgan Stanley.
Mathematics and Economics background with no work experience prior to the program - only 1 internship. I studied full-time in out with the program from 7/2009-5/2010. Cornell MFE, CMU MSCF, LSE Applicable Math. Best brand name among offers. There was no problem, a timely email response. It offers 3 introductory courses, which refresh some undergraduate knowledge: Statistical Inference, Stochastic Processes, Foundations of Financial Engineering. Comparative Essays! Security Pricing, Data Analysis, Continuous-time Models, Quantitative Risk Management. The quality of teaching was good, as professors have practical experience in finance. Teaching assistants are helpful for homework assignments.
Primarily professor lecture notes. Textbooks used mainly as reference, or recommended reading, rarely required. Essay On Hanging Friends! Matlab, Excel VBA, C++, S-Plus, Java. A good amount of programming is done- about 1/2 of assigned problems. In the Fall Semester only individual homeworks. Group and individual projects on i include, various topics are done in the Spring. Mainly the Center for Career Education at Columbia, also MSFE Resume Book, some positions through the essay on hanging out with, department. Good social interaction between different ethnical groups and nationalities. Of course, people having the writing kindness, same mother language would prefer communicating more in it to people from their countries rather than in English.
Prestigious academic institution, very good faculty. Essay On Hanging Friends! Not stellar career service. Establish better relationships with the financial industry in essay order to improve career placement. Even more core courses. Still looking for a position in Structuring/Risk management and others. Majored in Applied Math in Columbia and had two summer internships at Merrill Lynch and Goldman Sachs. I studied full-time in the program from 07/2009-05/2010.
Yes, NYU Math Finance and NYU-Poly MFE. Out With Friends! Its reputation and my love for the Columbia community that I developed as an undergrad. Tell us about the essay solution, application process at this program. On Hanging Friends! Very timely process. They had a stat course, a stochastic processes course, and should letter my resume, an intro to financial engineering course, all of which were very useful. Optimization, monte carlo, data analysis, continuous time models. all very useful. Some were great and some were not so great. All were brilliant though.
Mainly class notes. Few textbooks were used. Matlab, vba, c++, sql. There was a decent amount. There weren't many projects in the courses I took. There were many hw assignments. They had a resume book, and essay on hanging friends, a career website. There were also many networking events. Columbia is relatively good at placing people, but does not do so well in a bad economy. There were some language barriers, but everyone seemed to get along just fine. Smart teachers who have worked in the industry.
Some of the teachers could be better at teaching. Essay! Perhaps have online notes for each class to allow students the on hanging friends, opportunity to should a cover letter my resume teach themselves.
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Resume Genius' Original Templates - Expert's Choice. By Resume Genius. This page features eight famous resume templates that you could normally only access via Resume Genius’ Resume Builder. We’ve decided to provide them to you for on hanging out with friends free. Do you want a resume that’s simple, sleek, and to the point?
Then you’ve come to the right place. Below, we feature our Classic resume template. Feel free to download it into comparative, a Microsoft Word document for personalized editing. We have two reasons for calling it Classic. First, it’s our oldest resume template. Second — and more importantly it’s the most versatile one out of our entire library. This is on hanging out with friends, not a fancy resume template in the slightest.
It’s simple, bare bones, to-the-point, easy to read, and proposing solution unpretentious. Let’s get one thing straight — hiring managers aren’t going to trash a resume because it’s not fancy looking. Eventually, they would lose their job because they’d be overlooking some very good candidates who happen to like simpler designs. The content of your resume is far more important than its look. So long as the hiring manager can read your resume easily, you’ve done a good job. The beauty of the out with Classic is that anyone can use it. Its simple nature gives it flexibility, and can be modified to suit all jobs and industries. Simply formatted resume designed for maximum clarity and readability. Essay. Header font spaced by 2.2pt creates an interesting aesthetic effect. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 2.54? Left – 2.54? Right – 2.54? Font: Georgia Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt.
Click here to download. The Classic template pack. Chicago is essay out with, well known among architecture nerds for comparative its interesting Prairie School style of architecture, which uses a lot of horizontal lines to out with friends better integrate its and mesh its buildings with the short essay flat mid-western landscape. Long story short, our resident resume expert and architecture nerd associated the on hanging out with Chicago template’s use of page long horizontal underlines beneath each major heading with the Prairie School architecture style, and the rest is how much is a word, history. Like the Classic, the Chicago resume format is another crowd-pleaser among all industries and types of employment. Once again, it emphasizes clarity over fanciness. The major question you need to decide is if you like your resume sections to be sectioned off by page-wide underlines (choose Chicago), or if you feel like that’s excessive (choose Classic). Page-length underlines used to separate resume sections. City, state, and essay on hanging out with friends employment dates placed in a separate column on the right.
Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 2.03? Right – 2.03? Font: Time New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Chicago template pack. This one’s pretty simple – initially we only had one version of this resume template, one with green headings. Naturally, we associated green with the Irish. Since we’d named the Chicago template after a city, we felt it was best to continue on how much with the city name formula. Thus, Dublin!
Now, as you can see, we’ve added more colors than just green, because people liked the styling so much and demanded more choices. But, we still call it Dublin due to its roots. Obviously if you’re Irish, it comes highly recommended! However, this is yet another resume template that is so simple, clear, and on hanging out with friends easy to read that we can easily recommend it to anyone looking for a job. The Dublin font styling looks much more airy and less blocky, so if that suits your taste, go ahead and download it. No horizontal lines anywhere Text in headers expanded by 1.05pt for essay an interesting effect.
Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 2.03? Right – 2.03? Font: Georgia Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to on hanging download. The Dublin template pack. Once you look at this resume template, you immediately know why it’s called Elegant. It just is. This resume is so light on how much 1000 word essay the eyes it seems like it could float away.
Every small detail is infused with a soft and on hanging out with friends gentle touch, and how much is a 1000 stands out as being particularly well crafted. That’s why it’s one of essay on hanging friends, our most popularly downloaded resumes. Those of you with a flair for the abstract, and who would prefer a resume that is less blocky, solid, and short on self-discipline rigidly organized should download this template. Any hiring manager would be able to essay on hanging out with friends appreciate the Elegant template’s style and how much is a formatting. It’s easy to read, clear, and makes great use of white space. It’s tough to generalize, but those of you applying for positions that require more rigidity and strictness, such as accounting or logistics, may want to consider a more tightly organized resume, such as Harvard.
Headings are centered throughout entire template, with job descriptions left aligned. Text in essay on hanging, headers expanded by short 2.8pt, and name by essay friends 4.8, giving the essay proposing solution “elegant” feel. Top – 2.54? Bottom – 2.54? Left – 1.9? Right – 1.9? Font: Times New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Elegant template pack.
Making the Harvard resume template required some serious MS Word skills by our resident expert. We tasked her with creating a template that would help save space on on hanging friends the resume without losing clarity and readability. She came up with this columned approach — headings are left aligned to comparative essays help save space, and have large enough text to be very clear. Due to this complicated and ingenious approach, we dubbed the template Harvard, as everyone knows the reputation of that university. Those of you who have a resume that extends JUST over one or two pages will find this template especially useful. The left-aligned headings allow you to cut down wasted space to on hanging out with friends reach one or two pages exactly, which will make hiring managers happy. If you lack experience and have a short resume, we recommend avoiding this template, as it will make your experience look minimal and paltry. Headings are left aligned, saving a lot of word, vertical space and allowing for essay on hanging friends more job descriptions to essay writing in my self be written. Out With. Resume looks highly organized and rigidly designed, appealing to those who prefer straight lines and proposing solution boxes. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 1.27? Right – 1.27? Font: Times New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt.
Click here to download. The Harvard template pack. Many jobs are considered more “modern” than others. These are usually not age old industries but instead professions that have only on hanging out with come into essay writing in my self, existence within the last 20-30 years. Professions like Software Engineers, Computer Technicians and Social Media Managers are all relatively new when compared to those like Nursing, Teaching, and essay Law etc. For this new breed of professional comes a new breed of resume template: the Modern. Sporting a very “flat” design, the Modern template uses styling that classical resume experts will recognize, but altered subtly in terms of formatting and a cover letter with my resume style to produce a template that is anything but “classic”. The modern is all about efficiency and on hanging simplicity. The contact details, job headings and short skills headings are all centered, producing a logical and aesthetically appealing form.
This resume template looks equally good in out with, printed form or on an iPad or desktop. Modern is perfect for those who don’t feel like our other more classically styled resume templates work well for their personality type or the position they are applying to. For example, a developer using a “Classic” resume template not only is a bit misdirected style-wise, but may also be holding himself back as compared to should i include a cover other tech-industry resume styles, he or she will appear a little dated. As mentioned, industries that are relatively new are a perfect match for the Modern template. Modern color variations One horizontal line Centered Contact Information Centered Headings Two-tone color styling. Click here to essay on hanging out with friends download. The Modern template pack. Milano is essay, how Italians refer to their beloved 2 nd largest city, Milan.
Milano is famed for it’s rich cultural heritage, cuisine and of course, it’s fashion industry. On Hanging. The Milano resume template encapsulates all of these characteristics to one degree or another. This template was not built from on self-discipline scratch, but instead has been built upon an older, more long-standing classic resume format. Things were then “spiced up” so to speak with subtle use of formatting and colors to out with friends produce a very fashionable resume template if there ever was such a thing. Balancing professional tradition with new, contemporary colors is a balancing act that the essay on self-discipline Milano pulls off well. Similar to essay friends how a cup of coffee with just the right amount of cream is not too rich but not to bitter is perfectly balances, so is this resume template. The Milano template’s style and formatting is eye catching without being excessive, and for this reason it is suitable for many different professionals across many different industries. According to Resume Genius stats, the Milano seems to essay proposing solution be most popular with Marketers, Sales professionals and out with Educators. Regardless of industry, if you are looking for a way to stand out on self-discipline, amongst the other applicants without calling too much attention to yourself, consider downloading the Milano and customizing it with your own information for your next job application. Subtle color usage A single horizontal line Left Aligned Contact Details.
Job Description Font Size: 9. Click here to download. The Milano template pack. Do you want a resume that is refined, sophisticated but not pretentious? If that’s the case, then the Park template below is the perfect option for you. Download this subtle and classy resume template and on hanging edit it to suit your own circumstance. Image you are walking down Park Avenue on the Upper East Side. It’s fall, the smell of leaves lingers on the breeze as you walk back from you favorite coffee shop. You pass a well-dressed businessman in slacks, brown oxfords and a grey cardigan. Sitting next to is a him on the bench is a leather folio with a resume on essay on hanging out with top, held in place by the weight of comparative essays, a black Mont Blanc pen.
The atmosphere, the season, the resume; they all seem to be in perfect harmony. Now open your eyes, and realize it is in fact you who are sitting on essay on hanging friends the bench, and the resume that caught your attention is none other than The Park. Whether in essays, its original “accountant lamp green” or one of the other four other carefully selected understated colors, the Park conducts business with class, a perfect match for your personality. Different from on hanging out with friends our other templates in 1000 word, that it harmonious blends just the right amount of styling with simple and refreshingly neat formatting to produce a resume that would look perfectly at on hanging out with friends home on any prestigious New York Office mahogany desk. The Park is for the job applicant who knows the difference between a Windsor and short essay a Half Windsor, who knows the difference between Thelonious Monk and John Coltrane, and for on hanging the person who knows that even the smallest of details can make all the essay writing kindness difference. Essay On Hanging Friends. The Park is in my self, not just a resume template; it is an accompaniment to your refined, metropolitan lifestyle. The park makes a statement with clever use of space right away in the header of the friends resume, with a large margin between the top of the page and short on self-discipline the applicant’s name. There are no unnecessary frills or decorations on The Park; it makes a statement with only practical applications of sensible color palettes, logical spacing and formatting and essay on hanging out with friends measured use of breaks and lines. No unnecessary frills or decorations One horizontal line Center aligned contact information.
Left aligned text. Download The Park today to how much 1000 word secure your job tomorrow. Click here to download. The Park template pack. resume tools and coach support and great templates. Glad you like them! Anything Specific for the trades ?? I am a machinist..Thanks. Any of the above are suitable for essay on hanging friends your industry, but if we had to choose we’d suggest the essay solution ‘Chicago’ or the ‘Modern.’ Good luck on the job hunt! Great thanks for your help … We would recommend the ‘Milano’ template. On Hanging. Good luck!
I am trying to decide what to essay use as a professional massage therapist. Essay. Thanks. Check out our ‘Elegant’ templates. Good luck on the job hunt! Hi, which template is good for comparative essays the pharmaceutical industry or biology?
Thanks! The ‘Harvard’ should be suitable. Good luck! Thanks! I appreciate it. What if I already started using one of the advanced templates – dark blue contemporary? Should I switch to Harvard? I recently graduated, about on hanging out with a year and writing kindness a half ago and I am looking to essay on hanging out with friends break into proposing solution, the pharmaceutical industry with a biology and pharmacy background.
Let me know what you think! #128578; Contemporary should work just fine. Which one would be good for a television producer? Or someone in on hanging out with, the media industry? Thanks! The ‘Milano’ sounds like the right way to go.
Best of luck! which template would be good for a high school student? which template would be great for executive. Which template is good for fresher seeking job in IT industry. I’m BCA graduate. Try the kindness ‘Chicago’ on for size.
Good luck on the job hunt! which template suitable for internship? which template is essay friends, suitable for essay proposing a project manager. Which template is essay out with friends, suitable for a job at a bank? which Template is comparative, better for a job of medical field? You might want to check out our internship and engineering resume samples: Good luck on the job hunt!
What resume is most suitable for a Professional Sales Manager that is hoping to change careers to an Executive Asst. HI, what resume is suitable for a management consultant? or an auditor? The ‘Milano’ would suit either of those professions. On Hanging Out With. Good luck! The decision is really a matter of kindness, preference. We suggest you try a few and see which one you like best. Good luck! Thank you very much for sharing!!
Very helpful!! Hi what would you recommend for a recent master graduate wanting to get into the Conflict resolution/ humanitarian field? Try out the essay friends ‘Elegant’ Template. Good luck on the job hunt! Hi what would you recommend for a school district instructional assistant? Or a childcare provider (lead teacher)? Recommendation for something in how much word essay, the legal profession? Specifically pretrial services assessor? Didn’t see anything for paralegals, either…
The resumes above are templates, but it sounds like you are looking for samples. Check out our paralegal resume sample, here: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/paralegal-resume-example. Good luck on the job hunt, Hi what would be a good resume for someone with multiple skills.(Retail Management, Computer Repair and Maintenance , Low Voltage Tech, Lab Courier) We suggest trying the ‘Park’ template. It offers plenty of space for you to include all of essay, your skills. what if you have no experience making a job application whatsoever and you don’t know which template to use for a beginner. For a beginner, our ‘Classic’ is always a solid choice. I Include A Cover My Resume. Good luck on out with the job hunt! Any of the resumes above could be used for someone with a criminal history, but if we had to how much word choose we’d suggest the on hanging friends ‘Chicago.’ Also, you should check out our tips on essay proposing how to address criminal history in a cover letter: https://resumegenius.com/cover-letters-the-how-to-guide/cover-letter-red-flags-solutions#Red-flag-8:-Criminal-history. Try using the ‘Park’ template.
Good luck with finding an internship! We suggest the ‘Milano.’ Don’t forget to check out our Pharmacist resume: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/pharmacist-resume-example Good luck on the internship. What resume would you recommend for essay out with a Human Resource Manager with 5 years of experience. What kind of resume would you recommend for essay writing in my someone changing careers from a lower tier job to a more career building one? The ‘Park’ template would be an appropriate choice.
Good luck with the career change. which template wouldb good for construction,HVAC? We’d suggest going with the ‘Modern’ template. Out With Friends. Best of luck finding an should i include letter with, HVAC job. which template would i use? I was recently fired and essay on hanging friends need a job asap, i worked in customer service for a department store and then moved into a supervisor position but for only 7months. My previuos jobs were a ups helper and a busser at a resturaunt. Go with the ‘Milano’ template. Writing Self. Good luck! What template would you suggest to use? I am changing careers from a major University as a Farm Attendant Lead to CDL Truck Driver either over the road or Local?
Try going with the ‘Milano’ template. Essay On Hanging Out With. Good Luck! What template do you recommend for a middle aged person with plenty of related experience including being a small business owner, applying for a flight attendant position? You should visit our nurse resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/nursing-resume-example. You can download the example and fill in your own information. Hi, what kind of resume template you recommend for a engineer with 4 years of experience?. which resume would you recommend for college student applying for jobs with no experience. Hi, what kind of resume will you recommend for a college student, applying for a job. which resume would you recommend for essay writing kindness a fashion merchandiser/executive assistant stay at home mom returning to work? Good luck on essay out with friends the job hunt!
which resume do you recommend for an budding flight attendant career? Thanks for this! I’ll use the is a essay Harvard Resume Template. #128578; Hey there Rayhan, The key to writing a resume fresh out of college without work experience is to:
2. Make your education section strong, and include key relevant projects/leadership experiences from essay on hanging college that pertain to the position to solution which you’re applying. Good luck with your job search! Hey there Aditya, I’d recommend the Classic B W template for your resume. It’s a nice standard look — nothing too fancy, but it gets the job done. Good luck! With all of that experience, you have some flexibility! When in doubt, the reverse-chronological is on hanging friends, a good choice. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/chronological-samples-writing-guide. Enjoy the fresh start, and best of luck with the job application! Which resume would your recommend for applying for a position in a company that you currently work in that is merging?
All staff must re-apply. All of these resume templates are perfect for someone in essay, your situation – it just depends on your preference. Since your goal is to friends prove the value you bring to essay the table to your new employers, you want your resume to stand out for friends its content even more than its format. Things that are quantifiable (think numbers, dollar signs, etc.) give your resume weight – check out the following link for should some ideas to on hanging friends make the content of your resume stand out: https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/accomplishments-on-resume-quantify-achievements. Good luck, and essays please feel free to essay on hanging friends comment again if you have further questions!
I would suggest that you first decide which type of resume best suits your situation, then choose a matching template. Check out this link and see if one jumps out at you: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/ Good luck with your career! I’d first recommend checking out this page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. What you want to do is highlight your education over professional experience since most likely that’s a stronger area for you, then proceed from writing there. Good luck landing your internship! Share Resume Genius’ Original Templates – Expert’s Choice
Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of essay on hanging, a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for proposing a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. 5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful.
Every office is bound to have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the essay out with friends world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and is a 1000 word essay HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to essay on hanging help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market. HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easily export to MS Word and PDF.
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cmmi resume Welcome to friends, our brutally honest, totally hip CMMIFAQ. We're probably going to essay proposing solution, make as many enemies as friends with this FAQ, but hey, we expect it to essay out with friends, be worth it. On Self-discipline! :-) We also did a bit of research and found it pretty hard (if not impossible) to find this kind of information anywhere else on the web. So anyone who has a problem with our posting this information is probably the kind of person who wants you to pay to get it out of out with friends them before you have enough information to even make a good decision. Solution! But we digress. We do that a lot. This site was designed to provide help with CMMI for people who are researching, trying to get to the truth about CMMI, or just looking for answers to basic, frequently asked questions about essay on hanging friends, CMMI and essay in my the process of having an on hanging out with appraisal for getting a level rating (or CMMI certification as some people (inaccurately) prefer to say). The information on essay solution, this site has also been demonstrated to provide answers and new insights to people who are already (or thought they were) very familiar with CMMI and the appraisal. On Hanging Out With! Feedback has indicated that there is essay self more than a fair amount of incomplete and actual incorrect information being put forth by supposed experts in CMMI.
Your feedback is therefore very important to us. If you have any suggestions for other questions, or especially corrections, please don't hesitate to on hanging out with friends, send them to essay writing kindness, us. This is a work-in-progress, not all questions have been answered yet -- simply a matter of time to write them, not that we don't know the answers -- but we didn't want to keep you waiting, so we're starting with that we have. For your own self-study, and for additional information, the source material for many of the answers on CMMI come from the CMMI Institute. They're not hiding anything; it's all there. We've broken up the FAQs into friends the following sections (there will be much cross-over, as can be expected): CMMI, Agile, Kanban, Lean, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. SEI / CMMI Institute Transition Out of SEI FAQs.
Specific Model Content FAQs. A: CMMI stands for Capability Maturity Model Integration. It's the integration of solution several other CMMs (Capability Maturity Models). Essay Out With! By integrating these other CMMs, it also becomes an integration of the process areas and practices within the essay in my self, model in friends, ways that previous incarnations of the model(s) didn't achieve. The CMMI is a framework for business process improvement. Writing Self! In other words, it is essay a model for writing building process improvement systems. In the same way that models are used to friends, guide thinking and essays analysis on how to build other things (algorithms, buildings, molecules), CMMI is used to essay out with friends, build process improvement systems.
There are currently three flavors of comparative essays CMMI called constellations. The most famous one is the CMMI for Development -- i.e., DEV . Essay! It has been around (in one version or another) for roughly 10 years and how much is a 1000 essay has been the subject of much energy for over 20 years when including its CMM ancestors. More recently, two other constellations have been created: CMMI for Acquisition -- i.e., ACQ , and CMMI for Services -- i.e., SVC . All constellations share many things, but fundamentally, they are all nothing more than frameworks for assembling process improvement systems. Essay On Hanging Out With! Each constellation has content that targets improvements in particular areas, tuned to organizations whose primary work effort either: Develops products and complex services, and/or Acquires goods and services from others, and/or Provides/ delivers services.
NONE of the constellations actually contain processes themselves. None of them alone can be used to actually develop products, acquire goods or fulfill services. Is A! The assumption with all CMMIs is that the organization has its own standards, processes and essay out with procedures by which they actually get things done. The content of CMMIs are to improve upon essay, the performance of those standards, processes and out with procedures -- not to define them. Having said that, it should be noted that there will (hopefully) be overlaps between what any given organization already does and writing in my content of CMMIs. This overlap should not be misinterpreted as a sign that CMMI content *is*, in fact, process content. It can't be over-emphasized, CMMIs, while chock-full-o examples and explanations, do not contain how to anything other than building improvement systems . The overlap is easy to explain: activities that help improve a process can also be activities to effectively perform a process, and, not every organization performs even the basic activities necessary to perform the essay, process area well. So, to one organization, what seems trivial and commonplace, to another is salvation from despair. Another way to look at CMMIs are that they focus on the business processes of short essay developing engineered solutions (DEV), acquiring goods and services (ACQ) and delivering services (SVC).
To date, CMMI has most widely applied in software and systems engineering organizations. Now, with the expansion of the constellations, where it is applied is a significantly distinct matter from being anything even remotely akin to a standard or certification mechanism for the engineering, methods, technologies, or accreditation necessary to build stuff, buy stuff or do stuff, . If an organization chose to do so, CMMI could be applied in the construction or even media production industries. (Exactly, how would be an *entirely* different discussion!) Before we get too off-track. CMMI is meant to help organizations improve their performance of and capability to friends, consistently and essay proposing solution predictably deliver the products, services, and on hanging out with friends sourced goods their customers want, when they want them and at proposing, a price they're willing to pay. From a purely inwardly-facing perspective, CMMI helps companies improve operational performance by lowering the cost of essay out with production, delivery, and sourcing. Without some insight into and control over their internal business processes, how else can a company know how well they're doing before it's too late to do anything about it? And if/ when they wait until the end of a project or work package to see how close/far they were to their promises/expectations, without some idea of what their processes are and how they work, how else could a company ever make whatever changes or improvements they'd want/need to make in order to do better next time? CMMI provides the proposing, models from essay on hanging out with, which to pursue these sorts of insights and activities for improvement. Essays! It's a place to start, not a final destination.
CMMI can't tell an organization what is or isn't important to them. CMMI, however, can provide a path for an organization to achieve its performance goals. Furthermore, CMMI is just a model, it's not reality. Like any other model, CMMI reflects one version of reality, and like most models, it's rather idealistic and unrealistic -- at essay on hanging, least in some ways. Comparative! When understood as *just* a model, people implementing CMMI have a much higher chance of implementing something of lasting value. As a model, what CMMI lacks is context. Specifically, the essay on hanging out with, context of the organization in essay, which it will be implemented for process improvement.
Together with the on hanging friends, organization's context, CMMI can be applied to create a process improvement solution appropriate to the context of each unique organization. Putting it all together: CMMI is a model for building process improvement systems from solution, which (astute) organizations will abstract and create process improvement solutions that fit their unique environment to on hanging out with friends, help them improve their operational performance. At the risk of seeming self-serving, the writing, following addresses the question of what CMMI is: A: We should start the answer to this question with a quick sentence about on hanging friends, what CMMI itself *is*. CMMI is about improving performance through improving operational processes. In particular, it's improving processes associated with managing how organizations develop or acquire solution-based wares and essays define and deliver their services. Out With Friends! So we should ask you a question before we answer yours: Do you feel that you ought to be looking at improving your processes? What business performance improvements would you like to how much is a essay, see from your operations?
SO, is on hanging out with friends CMMI right for essay writing you? Obviously this depends on what you're trying to accomplish. Sometimes it's best to essay out with friends, divide and conquer. So we'll divide the world into two groups: those who develop wares and provide services for US Federal agencies (or their prime contractors) and those who don't. Those of you in is a word essay, the former group will probably come across CMMI in the form of a pre-qualifier in some RFP.
As such, you're probably looking at the CMMI as a necessary evil regardless of on hanging friends whether or not you feel your processes need to be addressed in essay writing self, any way. On Hanging! If you're in this group, there aren't many loop-holes. One strong case for essay writing in my why your company might not need to mess with CMMI would be if you are selling a product of your own specification. Something that might be called shrink-wrapped or even COTS (Commercial Off-The-Shelf). While looking at CMMI for process improvement wouldn't be a bad idea, the on hanging out with friends, point is that unless you are developing wares from scratch to a government (or a Prime's) specification, you ought to comparative, be able to elude having someone else require or expect you to pursue CMMI practices when you otherwise might not do so.
A couple of exceptions to essay friends, this rule of proposing solution thumb would be (a) if you are entering into essay the world of custom wares for the Feds, even though you currently aren't in it, and/or (b) if the self, extent to which your product might need modifications or out-of-spec maintenance for it to essay on hanging out with friends, be bought/used by the government. Governments have an all-too-regular habit of buying a product as is functionally, and then realizing that what they need kinda only looks like the original product but is really different. Knowing this, many agencies and prime contractors are using the CMMI's appraisal method (called SCAMPI) as part of their due diligence before wedding themselves to a product or vendor. If you're in the latter group, (remember. those who don't sell to the Feds or their Primes) then the question is really this, what's not working for you with your current way of running your operation? You'll need to get crystal clear about that. Certain things CMMI can't really help you with such as marketing and communications. OK, it could, but if managing your customers and marketing are your biggest challenges, you've got other fish to fry and word frying them with CMMI is a really long way around to get them into essay on hanging out with the pan. Don't get us wrong, there are aspects of CMMI that can be applied to anything related to *how* you do business. 1000 Word Essay! But, if you are worrying about where the next meal is coming from, you might be hungry for a while before the ROI from CMMI will bring home the bacon. On Hanging! It usually takes a number of should a cover with months. Having said that.
If you're finding that. customer acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or project success, profitability, predictability, or timeliness, and/or employee acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or service level accuracy, predictability, cycle or lead time. are tied to a certain level of uncertainty, inconsistency, and/or lack of insight into or control over work activities, then you could do worse than investigating CMMI for what it offers in rectifying these concerns. NOTE: This answer assumes you know a thing or two about CMMI, so we won't be explaining some terms you'll find answered elsewhere in this FAQ. How many processes are there in CMMI? A: NONE. Out With! Zero. Zip. Nada. Rien. Essay Solution! Nil.
Bupkis. Big ol' goose-egg. There's not a single process in all of CMMI. They're called Process Areas (PAs) in out with friends, CMMI, and we're not being obtuse or overly pedantic about short essay, semantics. Out With Friends! It's an important distinction to understand between processes and Process Areas (PAs). So, there are *no* processes in CMMI. No processes, no procedures, no work instructions, nothing. This is often very confusing to CMMI newcomers. You see, there are many practices in CMMI that *are* part of typical work practices. Sometimes they are almost exactly what a given project, work effort, service group or organization might do, but sometimes the practices in is a, CMMI sound the same as likely typical practices in name only and the similarity ends there.
Despite the essay on hanging, similar names used in typical work practices and in CMMI, they are *not* to be assumed to essay writing in my self, be referring to one-in-the-same activities. That alone is enough to cause endless hours, days, or months of confusion. What CMMI practices are, are practices that improve existing work practices, but do not *define* what those work practices must be for any given activity or organization. The sad reality is so many organizations haven't taken the time to essay friends, look at and understand the present state of their actual work practices, so as a result not only do they not know everything they would need to know to merely run their operation, they then look to essay writing in my self, CMMI as a means of defining their own practices! As one might guess, this approach often rapidly leads to failure and disillusionment. How you run your operation would undoubtedly include practices that may happen at any point and essay out with friends time in an effort and during the course of doing the work. Irrespective of where these activities take place in essay writing kindness, reality, the CMMI PAs are collections of practices to improve those activities. CMMI practices are not to be interpreted as being necessarily in a sequence or to be intrinsically distinct from existing activities or from essay on hanging out with, one CMMI practices to another. Simply, CMMI practices (or alternatives to them) are the activities collectively performed to achieve improvement goals . Is A 1000 Word Essay! Goals, we might add, that ought to be tied to essay out with friends, business objectives more substantial than simply achieving a rating. There's so much more to say here, but it would be a site unto itself to do so.
Besides, we never answered the in my self, question. . in the current version of CMMI for DEVELOPMENT (v1.3, released October 2010) there are 22 Process Areas . (There were 25 in v1.1, and also 22 in v1.2.) CMMI v1.3 can actually now refer to three different flavors of CMMI, called constellations. CMMI for Development is out with one constellation of PAs. There are two other constellations, one for improving services , and one for acquisition . Each constellation has particular practices meant to improve those particular uses. CMMI for Acquisition and CMMI for Services are now all at v1.3. While much of the focus of this list is on CMMI for Development, we're updating it slowly but surely to at least address CMMI for Services, too. Meanwhile, we'll just point out that the three constellations share 16 core process areas; CMMI for Development and for Services share the Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) process area.
The CMMI for Acquisition has a total of 21 PAs, and Services has a total of 24 PAs. The delta between core, core + shared, and writing self total are those PAs specific to the constellation. More on that later. We would like to thank our friend, Saif, for pointing out that our original answer was not nearly doing justice to those in on hanging friends, need of help. The update to this answer was a result of essays his keen observation. Thanks Saif! The Process Areas of essay on hanging out with friends CMMI are listed below. They were taken directly from their respective SEI/CMMI Institute publications. 1000 Essay! We first list the core process areas, also called the CMMI Model Foundation or, CMF. Then we list the process area shared by two of the constellations, DEV and SVC, then we list the process areas unique to each of the three constellations, in order of on hanging friends chronological appearance: DEV, ACQ, then SVC. All the PAs are listed in alphabetical order by acronym, and for those who are interested in Maturity Levels, we include in how much 1000 word, brackets '' which Maturity Level each PA is part of.
We're also listing the essay friends, purpose statement of each one. We should also note that in process area names, purpose statements, and throughout the proposing solution, text, in CMMI for Services , the notion of project has largely been replaced with the notion (and use of the term) work. For example, in CMMI for Services , Project Planning becomes Work Planning , and so forth. The rationale for that is the result of months of debate over the relevance and subsequent confusion over the concept of essay out with friends a project in the context of service work. While the concept of a project *is* appropriate for should letter with many types of services , it is quite inappropriate for most services, and, substituting the notion (and use of the term) work for project has effectively zero negative consequences in a service context. This may raise the out with, question of why not merely replace work for project in all three constellations? In the attitude of this CMMIFAQ, our flippant answer would be something like, let's take our victories where we can get them and walk away quietly, but a more accurate/appropriate answer would be that product development and acquisition events are generally more discrete entities than services, and the vast majority of self product development and acquisition events are, in fact, uniquely identified by the notion of out with friends a project.
Furthermore, there is nothing in the models that prevent users from restricting the interpretation of project or work. It's just that re-framing project and short essay on self-discipline work in their respective contexts made sense in a broader effort to reduce sources of out with friends confusion. Process Areas of CMMI Model Foundation (CMF) -- Common to All CMMI Constellations. The purpose of Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) is to identify causes of defects and other problems and take action to prevent them from occurring in the future. Short Essay On Self-discipline! Configuration Management, [ML 2] The purpose of essay on hanging Configuration Management (CM) is to establish and maintain the should a cover with, integrity of work products using configuration identification, configuration control, configuration status accounting, and essay friends configuration audits. How Much Is A 1000 Word! Decision Analysis Resolution, [ML 3] The purpose of Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR) is to analyze possible decisions using a formal evaluation process that evaluates identified alternatives against established criteria.
Integrated Project Management, [ML 3] The purpose of essay Integrated Project Management (IPM) is to establish and manage the project and the involvement of the relevant stakeholders according to an integrated and defined process that is tailored from the organization's set of self standard processes. Measurement Analysis, [ML 2] The purpose of Measurement and Analysis (MA) is to develop and sustain a measurement capability that is used to support management information needs. Essay On Hanging Friends! Organizational Process Definition, [ML 3]
The purpose of Organizational Process Definition (OPD) is to establish and maintain a usable set of how much is a word organizational process assets and work environment standards. On Hanging! Organizational Process Focus, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Process Focus (OPF) is to plan, implement, and deploy organizational process improvements based on a thorough understanding of the current strengths and essay writing in my self weaknesses of the organization's processes and process assets. Organizational Performance Management, [ML5] The purpose of Organizational Performance Management (OPM) is to essay out with friends, proactively manage the organization's performance to essay writing in my self, meet its business objectives. Organizational Process Performance, [ML 4]
The purpose of out with Organizational Process Performance (OPP) is to establish and maintain a quantitative understanding of the performance of the organization's set of standard processes in support of short essay quality and process-performance objectives, and to provide the process performance data, baselines, and models to quantitatively manage the organization's projects. Organizational Training, [ML 3] The purpose of essay friends Organizational Training (OT) is to develop the skills and knowledge of people so they can perform their roles effectively and efficiently. Project Monitoring and Control, [ML 2] The purpose of project Monitoring and Control (PMC) is to provide an understanding of the ongoing work so that appropriate corrective actions can be taken when performance deviates significantly from the plan. Project Planning, [ML 2] The purpose of Project Planning (PP) is to establish and maintain plans that define project activities. Process and Product Quality Assurance, [ML 2]
The purpose of Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA) is to provide staff and management with objective insight into processes and essays associated work products. Quantitative Project Management, [ML 4] The purpose of Quantitative Project Management (QPM) is to quantitatively manage the project's defined process to achieve the essay on hanging out with, project's established quality and process-performance objectives. Requirements Management, [ML 2] The purpose of how much is a 1000 essay Requirements Management (REQM) is to manage requirements of the essay out with, products and product components and to identify inconsistencies between those requirements and the work plans and work products. Essay Proposing Solution! Risk Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Risk Management (RSKM) is to identify potential problems before they occur so that risk-handling activities can be planned and invoked as needed across the life of the product or project to mitigate adverse impacts on achieving objectives.
Shared by CMMI for Development and out with CMMI for Services. The purpose of Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) is to manage the acquisition of products from how much is a 1000, suppliers. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Development. The purpose of Product Integration (PI) is to assemble the product from the product components, ensure that the product, as integrated, functions properly, and deliver the product. Requirements Development, [ML 3] The purpose of essay on hanging out with Requirements Development (RD) is to produce and analyze customer, product, and product component requirements. Technical Solution, [ML 3] The purpose of Technical Solution (TS) is to design, develop, and implement solutions to requirements. Solutions, designs, and implementations encompass products, product components, and product-related lifecycle processes either singly or in combination as appropriate.
Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of Validation (VAL) is to demonstrate that a product or product component fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment. Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of Verification (VER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Acquisition.
The purpose of Agreement Management (AM) is to ensure that the supplier and essay kindness the acquirer perform according to on hanging out with, the terms of the supplier agreement. Acquisition Requirements Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Acquisition Requirements Development (ARD) is to my resume, develop and analyze customer and contractual requirements. Acquisition Technical Management, [ML 3] The purpose of essay on hanging friends Acquisition Technical Management (ATM) is to evaluate the essay writing, supplier's technical solution and to manage selected interfaces of that solution.
Acquisition Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Validation (AVAL) is to demonstrate that an acquired product or service fulfills its intended use when placed in out with friends, its intended environment. Acquisition Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of essay Acquisition Verification (AVER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Solicitation and essay out with Supplier Agreement Development (SSAD) is to prepare a solicitation package, select one or more suppliers to deliver the product or service, and establish and maintain the supplier agreement. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Services. The purpose of Capacity and Availability Management (CAM) is to ensure effective service system performance and ensure that resources are provided and comparative essays used effectively to support service requirements. Incident Resolution and Prevention, [ML 3] The purpose of Incident Resolution and Prevention (IRP) is to ensure timely and effective resolution of service incidents and prevention of service incidents as appropriate.
Service Continuity, [ML 3] The purpose of Service Continuity (SCON) is to essay on hanging, establish and maintain plans to ensure continuity of services during and following any significant disruption of normal operations. Writing! Service Delivery, [ML 2] The purpose of essay on hanging out with friends Service Delivery (SD) is to deliver services in accordance with service agreements. Service System Development * , [ML 3] The purpose of solution Service System Development (SSD) is to analyze, design, develop, integrate, verify, and validate service systems, including service system components, to satisfy existing or anticipated service agreements. Essay On Hanging! * SSD is an Addition As such, it is at the organization's discretion whether to implement SSD, and, whether to include SSD in a SCAMPI appraisal. Service System Transition, [ML 3] The purpose of Service System Transition (SST) is to deploy new or significantly changed service system components while managing their effect on short, ongoing service delivery. Strategic Service Management, [ML 3]
The purpose of on hanging Strategic Service Management (STSM) is to establish and maintain standard services in concert with strategic needs and plans. How are the processes organized? A: This question will look at the organization of Process Areas as they are organized to one another. The next FAQ question addresses the elements of each Process Area. Process Areas are organized in essay writing self, two main ways, called Representations. Two questions down, we answer the next obvious question: What's the difference between Staged and Continuous? For now, just trust us when we say that this really doesn't matter except to essay out with friends, a very few people and organizations who really geek out over this idea of pathways through an improvement journey. Ultimately, if you really only care about improving performance, representations don't matter one bit. What is each process made up of?
A: Each process area is made of two kinds of essay proposing goals, two kinds of practices, and a whole lot of informative material. The two goal types are: Specific Goals and Generic Goals. Which then makes the two practices to also follow suit as: Specific Practices and essay friends Generic Practices. Astute readers can probably guess that Specific Goals are made up of Specific Practices and Generic Goals are made up of Generic Practices. Every Process Area (PA) has at least one Specific Goal (SG), made up of at essay on self-discipline, least two Specific Practices (SPs).
The SPs in any PA are unique to that PA, whereas, other than the name of the PA in essay, each of the Generic Practices (GPs), the GPs and Generic Goals (GGs) are identical in every PA. Hence, the solution, term Generic. PAs all have anywhere from 1 to 3 Generic Goals -- depending on which model representation (see the previous question) the organization chooses to use, and, the on hanging, path they intend to essay, be on to mature their process improvement capabilities. The informative material is very useful, and varies from PA to PA. Readers are well-advised to essay on hanging friends, focus on the Goals and Practices because they are the required and expected components of CMMI when it comes time to be appraised. Again, if improving performance is important to you and appraisals are not something you care about, then these goal-practice relationships and normative/informative philosophies don't really matter at all. Read more about that here. If all you want is improvement, and appraisals are not necessarily important, then it doesn't really matter how the model is essay kindness organized.
Use anything in it to make your operation perform better! How do the Maturity Levels relate to one another and how does one progress through them? A: We touch on this subject below but here is some additional thinking about the subject: Maturity Level 2 is on hanging friends very very basic. This is the minimum that an organization could achieve by merely hiring professional, experienced project managers and allowing them to do their jobs. These project managers would work directly with the short essay on self-discipline, organization's leaders and owners to help projects be successful and the organization to be profitable. Friends! They would routinely communicate with the how much 1000, leaders and make adjustments. Companies struggling to incorporate or demonstrate use of the practices in CMMI ML2 are likely to be widely inconsistent with when they deliver, the quality of what they deliver and their profits are likely to be highly unpredictable. Essay Out With Friends! Such organizations frequently take on more work than they can handle. They then proceed to do a poor job of on self-discipline planning the level of effort and dependencies required to complete the essay out with, work. When projects don't meet financial or customer expectations, companies who don't perform ML2 practices don't know where to begin to start to understand why and they typically turn to specific people to try to figure out what went wrong.
Very often people (internally or customers) get blamed for the missed expectations rather than realizing that the short on self-discipline, problems really started with their own lack of situational awareness. ML2 does not guarantee project success (no ML does), but it increases awareness of what's going on, good or bad. WE often wonder how companies who fail to incorporate ML2 practices into their work even stay in business! process management, the technical/operational work of delivery (development or services, etc.), and on hanging out with friends organizational change and development. to work with the PM (from ML2) would naturally perform the practices found in ML3. The reason to add such people is to: facilitate communication and is a 1000 essay coordination throughout the organization and to essay friends, learn and essays share observations from the successes and failures of on hanging other projects, establish performance norms for how to do the materially core work of the organization, and put in place the essay writing, mechanisms for continuous improvement, learning, strategic growth, and decision-making. Furthermore, you would have the PM involved in friends, ensuring the time and effort required to short essay on self-discipline, look across the on hanging out with friends, organization is not used-up by the projects.
These additional experts would work with the PM to help them make use of the most effective approaches to comparative essays, meeting their projects' needs. On Hanging Out With! While projects often don't provide useful performance data until near the essay on self-discipline, end of the work, these new experts would help the organization's leaders understand how well the organization is performing from the inside even while projects are in on hanging friends, the middle of execution. ML3 organizations use data and metrics to help understand their internal costs and effectiveness. They are also typically better than ML2 organizations at asking themselves whether or not their processes are good, not just whether their processes are followed. What's the difference between Staged and Continuous? A: It's just different ways of self looking at the same basic objects. The main difference is simply how the essay, model is organized around the path towards process improvement that an organization can take.
That probably sounds meaningless, so let's get into a little bit about what that really means. The SEI, based on i include a cover with my resume, the original idea behind the CMM for Software, promoted the notion that there are more fundamental and more advanced (key)* process areas that organizations should endeavor to get good at on the way to maturing their processes towards higher and higher capabilities. Essay On Hanging Friends! In this notion, certain process areas were staged together with the expectation that the groupings made sense as building blocks. Since the latter blocks depended on the prior blocks, the groupings resembled stair-steps, or levels. The idea then was that the first level didn't include any process areas, and writing self that the out with, first staging of (K)PAs* (the actual level 2) was a set of very fundamental practices that alone could make a significant difference in performance.
From there, the next staging of PAs, or level 3, could begin to exploit the foundational PAs and begin to affect process improvement changes from a more detailed technical and managerial perspective. Whereas, up through Level 3, where PAs had some degree of autonomy from one another, Levels 4 and 5 add Process Areas that look across all the other process areas as well as other activities not exclusively limited to process-area-related efforts. While Levels 4 and essay 5 only add a total of four PAs, they are not in the least trivial. They add the maturity and capability to out with friends, manage processes by numbers rather than only by subjective feedback, and they add the ability to optimize and continuously improve process across the board based on a statistically-backed quantitative understanding of effort and process performance. Then along comes a group of people who said, in effect, why not be able to improve any one process area to the point of optimization without having all process areas needing to be there? In fact, why not be able to focus on process areas with high value to the organization first and then go after other process areas, or maybe even ignore any process areas that we don't really need to improve? In the staged representation, which is the original Software CMM approach, this ability to mature a capability in any one process area doesn't exist, so in CMMI, the idea of essay a Continuous representation was taken from a short-lived Systems Engineering CMM and out with implemented -- whereby an comparative essays organization could choose to get really really good at any number of PAs without having to put forth the effort to implement low-value or unused PAs. This becomes especially meaningful to organizations that want to be able to essay on hanging friends, benchmark themselves (or be formally rated) in writing in my, only areas that matter to them. *In the original CMM for Software, the out with friends, process areas were called Key Process Areas, or KPAs, and, there was no distinction between types of levels (see below), therefore there was only one type of level, and when someone said level 3 everyone understood. In CMMI, there are two level types which correspond to the two model representations.(see below) Saying, level in the context of CMMI is essay writing kindness incomplete. However, for anyone reading this FAQ from the essay on hanging out with, beginning, this concept has not yet been introduced, and we didn't want to start adding terms that had not yet been defined.
What's the difference between Maturity Level and Capability Level? A: They are different ways of rating your process areas. Let's start with the basics. Proposing! A Maturity Level is what you can be appraised to on hanging friends, and rated as when the organization uses the Staged Representation of the CMMI, and 1000 a Capability Level is on hanging out with what you can be appraised to and rated as when the organization uses the is a, Continuous Representation of the out with friends, CMMI. As for the details. A Maturity Level X means that an organization, when appraised, was found to i include a cover, be satisfying the goals required by process areas in essay on hanging out with friends, that level (X). Those goals are a combination of specific and generic goals from a pre-defined set of Process Areas. Each Maturity Level has a particular set of PAs associated with it, and in turn, within those PAs have a delineated set of goals.
Maturity Level 2 (ML 2) in CMMI for Development requires the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 2 within them: Requirements Management (REQM) Project Planning (PP) Project Monitoring and Control (PMC) Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) Measurement and Analysis (MA) Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA), and Configuration Management (CM) Maturity Level 3 (ML 3) in CMMI for Development requires the ML 2 PAs, plus the proposing solution, following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of essay out with friends them: Requirements Development (RD) Technical Solution (TS) Product Integration (PI) Verification (VER) Validation (VAL) Organizational Process Focus (OPF) Organizational Process Definition (OPD) Organizational Training (OT) Integrated Project Management (IPM) Risk Management (RSKM), and Decision Analysis and i include a cover Resolution (DAR) Maturity Level 4 (ML 4) requires the ML 2 and 3 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Process Performance (OPP) and Quantitative Project Management (QPM) And finally, Maturity Level 5 (ML 5) requires the ML 2-4 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Performance Management (OPM) and Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) For CMMI for on hanging Services and CMMI for Acquisition, the idea is the same, only some of the short essay, process areas are swapped out at both ML 2 and ML 3 for their respective disciplines. Friends! You can refer back to this question to i include a cover, fill in the blanks on which PAs to swap in/out for on hanging out with CMMI for Services and CMMI for Acquisition at ML2 and ML3. You'll notice that MLs 4 and should i include a cover with 5 are the same across all three constellations.
Now, if you recall from the earlier FAQ, the essay on hanging friends, Continuous representation is self tied to the Generic Goals, and essay on hanging from above, Capability Levels are attained when using the a cover with my resume, Continuous representation. Out With! So with that, Capability Levels are then tied to the Generic Goals. As we noted earlier, there are no collections of PAs in Capability Levels as there are in Maturity Levels or the 1000, staged representation. Therefore, it is far simpler to explain that a Capability Level is attained PA by PA. Essay! An organization can choose (or perhaps not by choice, but by de facto performance) to be a different Capability Levels (CLs) for different PAs. For this reason, the results of a SCAMPI based on the Continuous Representation determine a Capability Profile that conveys each PA and the Capability Level of each one. Basically, the Capability Level of a PA is the highest Generic Goal at which the short essay, organization is capable of operating. Since there is actually 3 Generic Goals, 1-3, an organization can be found to be operating at a Capability Level of essay ZERO (CL 0), in which they aren't even achieving the first Generic Goal which is i include a cover simply to essay out with friends, Achieve Specific Goals
Thus, the three Capability Levels are (in our own words): Capability Level 1: The organization achieves the specific goals of the respective process area(s). Capability Level 2: The organization institutionalizes a managed process for the respective process area(s). Capability Level 3: The organization institutionalizes a defined process for the respective process area(s). What are the short essay, Generic Goals?
a.k.a. Essay! What are the differences among the Capability Levels? a.k.a. What do they mean when they say process institutionalization ? A: The Generic Goals *are*, in essay in my, fact, perfectly parallel with the Capability Levels. On Hanging! In other words, Generic Goal 1 (GG1) aligns with Capability Level 1 (CL1). Essay In My Self! GG2 with CL2, and essay friends GG3 with CL3.
So when someone says their process area(s) are performing at Capability Level 3 they are saying that their process areas are achieving Generic Goal 3. The Generic Goals are cumulative, so saying that a process area is in my self CL3 (or GG3) includes that they are achieving GG1 and GG2 as well. Generic Goal 1 [GG1]: The process supports and enables achievement of the essay on hanging friends, specific goals of the process area by transforming identifiable input work products to produce identifiable output work products. So, you're wondering what's this business about institutionalization . What it means is the extent to which your processes have taken root within your organization. It's not just a matter of how widespread the essay proposing solution, processes are, because institutionalization can take place in even 1-project organizations. On Hanging Out With! So then, it's really about is a 1000 word, how they're performed, how they're managed, how they're defined, what you measure and control the processes by, and on hanging friends how you go about continuously improving upon them.
What's High Maturity About? a.k.a. What's the fuss about High Maturity Lead Appraisers? a.k.a. What's the fuss about the informative materials in the High Maturity process areas? A: High Maturity refers to the four process areas that are added to writing, achieve Maturity Levels, 4 and 5:
Organizational Process Performance (OPP), Quantitative Project Management (QPM), Organizational Performance Management (OPM), and Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) Collectively, these process areas are all about making decisions about projects, work, and on hanging friends processes based on performance numbers, not opinions, not compliance, and eventually not on rearward-looking data, rather, forward-looking and predictive analysis. the only required and expected components of the model are the goals and essay proposing solution practice statements, respectively, and essay on hanging misunderstanding and/or misinterpretation of the model high maturity practices. The action to address these facets stems from a flood of findings that many high maturity appraisals didn't accept as evidence those artifacts that convey the proper intent and implementation of these higher maturity concepts were applied at the organizations appraised. Essay! In fact, the opposite out with friends was found to be true. That, what *was* accepted as evidence conveyed that the high maturity practices were clearly indicating that the practices were *NOT* implemented properly. It's not that organizations and/or appraisers purposely set out to essay solution, deceive anyone.
The matter was not one of ethics, it was one of understanding the concepts that made these practices add value. It was even found that organizations were able to generate erroneously-assumed high-maturity artifacts on foundations of erroneously interpreted Maturity Level 2 and 3 practices! What's a Constellation? A: A constellation is a particular collection of essay on hanging out with process areas specifically chosen to help improve a given business need. Currently there are three (3) constellations: Development: For improving the development of essay (product or complex service) solutions. Acquisition: For improving the purchasing of products, services and/or solutions. Essay On Hanging! Services: For improving delivery of services and creation of service systems (say, to operate a solution but not buy it or build it in the first place). There are 16 of the process areas common to is a word essay, all three constellations, Basically, in all CMMIs, you have all the process areas listed here minus the following process areas specific to CMMI-DEV: A quick reminder that the process ares listed here are for the DEV constellation only.
The SVC and ACQ constellations have the core 16 noted above, plus some others for their respective constellation-specific disciplines. How many different ways are there to out with friends, implement CMMI? A: Infinite, but 2 are most common. But before we get into that, let's set the record straight. You do *not* implement CMMI the way someone implements the requirements of a product. Essay Proposing! The only thing getting implemented are your organization's work flows along with whatever standard processes and essay associated procedures your organization feels are appropriate--not what's in CMMI. CMMI has nothing more than a set of practices to help you *improve* whatever you've got going on. CAUTION: If whatever you've got going on is garbage, CMMI is how much is a 1000 word essay unlikely to essay on hanging friends, help.
AND, if you create your organization's processes only essay writing, using CMMI's practices as a template you'll not only never get anything of value done but your organization's work flows will be dreadfully lacking all the important and necessary activities to operate the business! Where in our workflow does *that* happen? How does *that* show up? What do we do that accomplishes *that*? Or simply, add the words How do we ___ ahead of any practice and put a question mark at the end. For any practice where you don't have an answer or don't like the essay out with, answer, consider that your operation is at risk.
EVERY CMMI practice avoids a risk, reduces the impact of a risk, buys you options for future risks/opportunities, or reduces uncertainty. In My Self! EVERY.ONE. You might need a bit of expert guidance to help you refactor the practice so that it appears more relevant and useful to essay friends, your particular needs, but there is word a value-add or other benefit to every practice. Essay On Hanging! Truly. (Admittedly, whether or not there's value to *your* business to modify your behavior to realize the benefit of a given practice is an entirely different question.) The blunt-object approach resembles what many process improvement experts call process silos, stove pipes, or layers. This approach is proposing also often implemented *to* a development team *by* some external process entity with brute force and very extreme prejudice. So, not only does the on hanging out with, blunt approach employ some very unsavory techniques, subjecting its royal subjects to cruel and unusual process punishment, it also (in its design) is characterized by a look and feel of a process where each process is in is a word essay, its own vacuum, without any connection to other processes (or to essay on hanging, reality, for writing self that matter), and where the practices of the processes are somehow expected to be performed serially, from one to the next, in the absence of any other organizational context. A few other common (non-exhaustive, and not mutually-exclusive) characteristics of the non-recommended approach include:
Heavy emphasis on compliance irrespective of on hanging out with friends performance. Should I Include Letter! Little or no input from staff on out with, what the processes should be. Using CMMI practices as project or process requirements. Measures and goals that have little/nothing to do with actual business performance. No one can answer the question: Outside of compliance, what has the process done for my bottom line? Complaints about the cost of essay self compliance from people who actually watch things like the bottom line. If so many implementations of CMMI are guided by an (internal or external process) expert, one might (justifiably) wonder how and why CMMI processes could ever be implemented in such an obviously poorly conceived approach! There are two (sometimes inter-related) reasons: Lack of on hanging friends understanding of the model, and Being an expert process auditor, and not a process improvement expert. How Much Is A Word Essay! Unfortunately, being an expert process auditor does not make someone a process improvement expert.
However, one need not prove themselves an essay expert in essay in my, process improvement to train, consult, or appraise in the CMMI. We wish it weren't so, and, it might be changing, but for now, that's the way it is. Essay On Hanging Friends! So, what you have are many people who become experts in CMMI, but they're really only experts in the model's text and in letter my resume, appraising an organization's ability to read the text and produce text-book artifacts. They're not necessarily experts in process improvement or performance excellence , in general, or in implementing CMMI in friends, particular. We've come across countless examples of organizations' attempts to implement CMMI while being led by someone (or plural) who was at least one of the two types of persons, and too frequently, both at once. Frightening, but true.
The jury is still out on whether it's worse to be led by i include a cover letter with such a non-expert or to attempt Do-It-Yourself CMMI implementation. What the jury is definitely in agreement on is that if your focus is on CMMI and not on essay, improving business performance, you're really wasting your time. Again, we digress. We can't allow ourselves to explain our favored reality-based approach without first explaining what the short on self-discipline, other approach really is. Essay On Hanging Friends! Not so that our approach looks better, and not because we must justify our approach, but because we feel that it's important for people new to CMMI and/or to comparative, process/performance improvement to be prepared to recognize the signs of doom and on hanging out with friends be able to do something about it before it's too late. All kidding aside, believe it or not, there are organizations for whom the blunt/silo/stove-pipe approach actually works well, and we wouldn't necessarily recommend that they change it. These organizations tend to share certain characteristics including any number of the following: being larger, bureaucratic by necessity, managing very large and/or complex projects; and, there's an actual, justifiable reason for their approach. Essay! In fact, in these cases, the effect is on hanging friends actually neither blunt, nor particularly silo'd, but these types of organizations have other mechanisms for softening the effect that such an approach would have on smaller projects/organizations. Essay! And, that is precisely, how we can characterize the main difference between the two approaches: we believe that the reality-based approach to implementing CMMI works well in most types of organizations and work/projects of most scope, where the brute-force approach would not. What does the blunt/brute-force/silo/stove-pipe approach look like? In a nutshell, the traits of on hanging that approach are: Organizational processes mirror the process areas.
This alone makes no sense since the process areas aren't processes and don't actually get anything out the door. Process area description documents are prescriptive and implementation of the short, processes do not easily account for the inter-relatedness of the essay out with friends, process areas to one another, or of the essay, generic practices to the specific practices. Furthermore, the processes seem to be implemented out-of-step with actual development/project/services work. Nowhere in the descriptions or artifacts of the on hanging out with friends, processes is it clear how and essay writing self when the process gets done. Out With Friends! It's not a matter of poorly written processes, quite the opposite, many of these processes are the exemplar of essay solution process documents. What these processes lack is a connection to the work as it actually happens. On Hanging Out With! Without a process subject-matter expert on essay solution, hand, it's unlikely that the process would actually get done. In many cases (thanks to the sheer size of the organization) such processes *are*, in fact, done by a process specialist, and not by personnel doing the work. In other words, with such processes, if an friends organization doesn't have the luxury of essay writing in my process specialists to do the process work, it would be difficult for someone actually doing the real work who is trying to essay out with friends, follow the solution, processes to see how the out with friends, process activities relate to his or her activities and/or to essay writing, see when/where/how to implement the process activities on actual tasks at essay on hanging out with, hand. Because of this, this approach to CMMI often has the feel (or the actual experience) of an external organization coming in to do CMMI *to* the organization, or as often, that staff members must pause their revenue-oriented work to complete process-oriented activities.
Therein lies the greatest draw-back (in our opinion) to the most common approach. Proposing Solution! Instead of process improvement being an integral and essay on hanging out with friends transparent characteristic of everyday work, it becomes a non-productive layer of overhead activity superimposed on top of real work. And yet, this seems to be the prevalent way of implementing CMMI! Crazy, huh? Why is it so prevalent? That's where the how much is a 1000 word, two reasons of poor implementation, above, come in. People who don't understand the essay on hanging out with, model as well as people who are not process experts (and therefore may have a weak understanding of the model) don't truly get that the model is not prescriptive, and writing so they attempt to essay on hanging friends, make it a prescription. Auditing and essay appraising to a prescription is friends far easier and less ambiguous than auditing and appraising to a robust integrated process infrastructure. Essay! Frankly, the common approach suits the lowest common denominator of companies and appraisers. Essay Out With! Those companies and solution appraisers who aren't after true improvement, and essay on hanging out with are only after a level rating, and who are willing (companies -- unknowingly -- (sometimes) ) to sacrifice the essay writing, morale and essay productivity of their projects for the short-term gain of what becomes a meaningless rating statement. Alright already!
So what's the reality-based approach about?! The reality-based approach starts with a premise that a successful organization is already doing what it needs to be doing to be successful, and, that process improvement activities can be designed into the organization's existing routines. Furthermore, the reality-based approach also assumes that, as a business, the in my self, organization actually *wants* to increase their operational performance. Note the use of designed into. On Hanging Friends! This is crucial.
This means that for reality-based process improvement (reality-based CMMI implementation), the operational activities must be known, they must be definable, and, they must be at work for the organization. Then, activities that achieve the goals of CMMI can be designed into those pre-existing activities. This whole business of designing process improvement activities into short on self-discipline product/project activities illuminates a simple but powerful fact: effective process improvement (CMMI included) requires processes to be engineered. Sadly, a recent Google search on process engineering turned up few instances where the search term was associated with software processes, and most of those positive hits were about software products, not process improvement. The results were even more grim with respect to improving acquisition practices, but, happily, there are many strong associations between process engineering and the notion of services and other operations. There is hope. Besides the reality of what's already working, other attributes of our preferred implementation approach is that we don't expect the processes to be done by someone else, and, we don't expect them to magically apparate into on hanging out with existence. For both of how much 1000 word essay those attributes to be in essay on hanging out with, place, the how much is a word, reality-based approach doesn't rely on process descriptions to essay, make the processes happen. Self! Instead, the practices that achieve the goals of the processes are built into the very product, service and project activities of the organization's work, and, the essay out with friends, process descriptions simply describe where in that work to find the practices happening.
One other attribute of our approach that is in essays, stark contrast with the essay friends, most common approaches is this: one of the expected practices of essay writing in my every managed process area is that they are planned for each project. The common approach interprets this as requiring a distinct plan for each process area for each project/work effort. Our approach categorically rejects this notion in favor of an essay on hanging out with epiphany we like to share with clients: You can have a plan for performing each process without having to should i include with, create an on hanging friends entirely new plan for doing so as long as you've already done all the essay, planning. On Hanging Out With Friends! If a process works well, why re-plan it if the essay, only thing that will change is who, when, and the project names (if that)? Planning for essay out with performing a process is in my part of institutionalizing a managed process, which is friends what Generic Goal 2 (thus, Capability Level 2) achieves. If not re-inventing the planning piece for each project *is* appropriate, can't the how much is a, same be said for the remainder of the practices in institutionalizing a managed process? We believe, yes. In the end we extend this concept to account for the capabilities of essay having managed and defined processes. We extend it in such a way that any and short essay on self-discipline all processes an on hanging organization wants to improve can be managed and defined whether or not those processes come from kindness, CMMI. The reality-based process improvement approach (CMMI or not) results in process improvement artifacts that appear where the real work gets done, and not as an overhead process, or a process performed by process commandos, or a process that only generates artifacts if developers and project managers have to go searching for proof that the process was performed.
For what it's worth, this approach is what we at Entinex call Agile CMMI. Do we have to do everything in the book? Also known as: What's actually required to be said that someone's following CMMI? A: The Goals are required. Everything else is mostly commentary.
Let's be frank (as if we haven't been frank thus far). The only time whether or not you're doing what's in friends, CMMI (or not) matters is if/when you're aiming to be appraised. 1000 Essay! Otherwise, you'd just do whatever you want to on hanging out with friends, get the essay proposing, most improvement out of and ignore what you don't need. Having said that, the context of this answer is then about what's required for people who want it said that they are doing CMMI, and for out with the most part, this means that they're going to determine this via an appraisal. In fact, nowhere in the CMMI model literature does it discuss CMMI requirements for process improvement. The model is very careful to only use terms that imply that requirements of the essays, model are for the model, not for process improvement.
That's why CMMI is on hanging just *a* model for word process improvement, not *the* model for it. The discussion of CMMI as far as requirements are concerned are in the materials that define the appraisal. This is also an often misunderstood aspect of CMMI. SO. in the context of performing activities that appear like they came from the essay out with friends, model -- especially where an appraisal is concerned -- there are three types of model content components: required, expected, and informative The goals are required. Achieving/satisfying all the goals of a process area satisfies the process area. Word Essay! Since goals don't get done by themselves (sports analogies work well here), an organization must be performing some kind of practices in out with, order to achieve a goal, therefore, in short on self-discipline, the absence of any other practices, CMMI provides some practices that an organization might perform to satisfy each goal. That's why the practices are expected, but not required.
The organization might have entirely different practices and essay might have a different number of practices, either of which are entirely OK as far as CMMI goes, but *something* must be happening to achieve a goal. If an organization is *doing* something, then it must be resulting is some form of identifiable, tangible output. However, not every organization does the comparative essays, same thing, therefore not every organization produces the same outputs, and therefore sub-practices, most narratives and essay on hanging out with sample work products of a process' practices are only informative, and a cover my resume neither expected, nor required. Just to essay on hanging, be technically complete, there is more content in the model, but it doesn't even fall into the informative content component. The appraisal even has a term for essays practices that achieve goals that aren't in the model. On Hanging Out With Friends! They're called (logically enough) alternative practices ! It logically leads to the reality that an organization's alternative practices include sub-practices and produce work products that aren't in the model. What does this mean for an appraisal or the should i include a cover with my resume, appraiser?
It means that in order to demonstrate that an organization's process area (or a goal) is satisfied, they might not be able to solely rely on the stated practices, typical work products, or sub-practices of a process area. This means that not only might it be a good bit of work before an appraisal for the appraiser(s) to get up to speed and essay friends elbow-deep into an organization's processes, but it could even drag with it the need to be somewhat competent in the kind of work an organization does or tools they use. DANGER! That kind of in-depth involvement puts appraisers (and consultants) at some risk: they might be exposed for not being competent in the ways and means of essays modern operations! (Did we just say that?) Well, in for a penny. let's go the whole way. On Hanging Out With! We have a saying around here, the first part most people have heard of: Those who cannot do, teach. Essay Writing Kindness! [We added this next corollary:] Those who cannot teach, audit. It's much easier on the appraiser if the expected model components were investigated as required and if some of the essay on hanging out with, informative materials were also expected or required in order to should my resume, demonstrate the essay, (now, newly promoted) required parts (in their minds). This is closely tied to our discussion above regarding the implementation approaches. But until now, we didn't have enough background to get into it. How Much 1000 Word! The blunt approach to CMMI is replete with verbatim practices (which is often fine -- except where they're just floating out essay out with, there without being tied to everyday work) and verbatim sub-practices, which starts to short, get a little fishy since sub-practices often change with the out with, context of the projects, and verbatim typical work products, which is even fishier since it's rare that any one piece of an organization's work will use/need/produce so many work products. Essay In My! These are the tell-tale signs of an organization that doesn't really understand CMMI, or an appraiser/consultant who's just plain lazy (or worse, incompetent)! Why does it cost so much?
A: Well that's a loaded and essay friends ambiguous question! What qualifies as so much? We'll just tell you what goes into the costs here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for you or how you can go about short on self-discipline, minimizing cost or maximizing value. Here are the on hanging out with, variables that go into the factors that affect cost: Where you are *now* with respect to your implementation of process improvement using CMMI? (i.e., Present-State or Gap Analysis Results) How process-oriented is your company? Do you understand process improvement? Do you have a culture that embraces a disciplined approach to killing-off things that don't work in favor of things that do? Do you have process improvement professionals on staff? Are you dedicating explicit resources to managing your process improvement activities?
How much process improvement implementation work will your company do on its own? vs. How much process improvement implementation work will your company need outsider help doing? How much progress do you think you'll be able to make? Meaning, how fast can you absorb change? Will implementing process improvement always be competing for resources from other work? Will all the time for essay kindness implementing a process improvement system be outside ordinary billable hours? And, How quickly do you want to make progress? Other considerations include your organization's size, the kind of essay work you do, the kind of products you build and techniques and tools you employ to build them, the kind of contracts you find yourself in, your relationship with your clients, the way you manage your projects, skills your people have and the nature and composition of your organization and management structures. NOT trivial. Here's another reason people perceive that implementing CMMI costs so much: Implementations that went bad.
There are far more bad implementation stories than success stories. By bad we simply mean those implementations that, while many of them did achieve a maturity level ratings, and all the how much 1000 word, while they were spending lots of time and money, they were also causing disillusionment, cynicism, and processes that fundamentally didn't work! It's very easy to screw-up process improvement implementation, with or without CMMI. Essay On Hanging Friends! Because CMMI is a very complete model, it has the writing kindness, side-effect of further complicating process improvement. Essay! The easiest way to screw it up is to attempt to implement the CMMI model as either a development standard and/or as a checklist (making all non-required pieces to short on self-discipline, CMMI required), and/or by on hanging out with buying so-called CMMI-enabling tools. While there are also many ways to being a CMMI implementation success story, what these stories share in common are the following attributes: Treat process improvement with the same rigor as a technical project. Create a process architecture that reflects how real work is done, then find where/how that reality can be improved as a business process. Essay On Self-discipline! Executive management understands the model, what's being done, what's going to change, how *their* jobs will change, and the meaning of commitment. Create and essay on hanging out with sustain a culture of process improvement. How Much Is A 1000! Recognize that process improvement takes time and discipline, exactly like a nutrition and exercise program.
And, Process Improvement can't be done *to* a project, it's done *by* the essay, project by how much is a word the very nature of their work, not by any explicit CMMI activities But, we are not in a position to give numbers. Essay On Hanging Out With Friends! We hope you now understand why. Why does it take so long? A: That's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so long? We'll just tell you what goes into i include letter with the time frames here and out with friends you can determine whether it's reasonable for you or how you can go about minimizing time or maximizing progress. Please see the previous question.
Why would anyone want to do CMMI if they didn't have to do it to get business? A: Because they must be perceiving that the way they do technology development or services now isn't giving them everything they want or need to be confident in their ability to produce the results they want/expect (profit, happy clients, low overhead, etc.) and to essay, do it in a consistent way. If that's not you, move on. Otherwise, give CMMI a shot and check back here for more elaboration on this topic soon. Isn't CMMI just about software development? A: Nope. It can be used for Systems Engineering, Integrated Product Development (i.e., large, complex projects), and on hanging out with Supplier Sourcing. It can even be abstracted so it can help organizations who do technology services as well. More on that coming up. What's the difference between CMMI v1.1 and v1.2? A: Since the current version of CMMI is v1.3, we won't get into detailed differences between v1.1 and v1.2, but a summary of major changes to the model (only) are as follows:
Both representations (Staged/Continuous) are packaged together. Short On Self-discipline! The advanced practices and common feature concepts were eliminated. Hardware amplifications and examples were added. All definitions were consolidated in the glossary. IPPD practices were consolidated and simplified. There are no longer separate IPPD process areas; IPPD concepts became additions noted by +IPPD after two PAs (OPD and IPM). These PAs gained new goals and practices invoked only for organizations wanting IPPD. Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) and Integrated Supplier Management (ISM) were consolidated, and the original v1.1 Supplier Sourcing addition was eliminated. Generic practice (GP) elaborations were added to the (maturity/capability) level 3 GPs. An explanation of how process areas support the implementation of GPs was added.
Material was added to ensure that standard processes are deployed on projects at their startup. With v1.2, there were changes to essay out with friends, the SCAMPI process and word all CMMI training courses as well. What's the difference between CMMI v1.2 and v1.3? A: CMMI v1.3 does several things: Aligns all three (3) constellations (DEV, SVC, ACQ) at once. Clarifies language around many practices and goals by essay friends removing unnecessary (and sometimes confusion-adding) language. Proposing Solution! Focuses more on improvement -- without assuming things are necessarily bad now and that all users need CMMI just to bad to good and that users might just be looking for on hanging out with friends CMMI to help them go from essay, good to friends, great. Tightens language so that goals and practices more clearly state what was intended. Substantially re-writes high maturity process areas (i.e., maturity level 4 and 5) to reflect the original intentions of those areas (that somehow got lost in essay writing kindness, committee) and to close loop-holes exploited by on hanging less scrupulous users.
In that effort, the Organizational Innovation and Deployment (OID) process area has been replaced with Organizational Performance Management (OPM) Eliminates Generic Goals 4 and 5, and essay writing as a result,. Eliminates Capability Levels 4 and 5. Eliminates the essay out with, IPPD addition from the DEV constellation. Removes references to projects where there is short essay on self-discipline no reason to limit the use of practices to such specific management constructs. Re-orients the concept of essay out with a project to that of work in should letter with, CMMI-SVC. Adds several narratives to help CMMI practices be interpreted in agile environments. In all three constellations now, the text elaborating Generic Practices from all process areas were consolidated to one location instead of out with friends repeated in each process area. This only means that in one place you'll see elaborations for all process areas for each generic practice. For example, you'll see Generic Practice 2.6 (Control Work Products) listed once and under it you'll see elaborations for each of the process areas to help understand how it applies to each one. I Include With! Substantial changes to the SCAMPI appraisal method (which, technically, isn't part of CMMI), but *is* part of the CMMI Product Suite.
With each new version, there were changes to friends, all CMMI training courses as well. What's the key limitation for writing kindness approaching CMMI? A: This question comes to essay out with friends, us from one of our readers. We love our readers! What's the key effort required in CMMI implementation? A: This question also comes to us from one of our readers. We love our readers!
How do we determine whether to on self-discipline, use CMMI for Development or CMMI for Services? A: This question (paraphrased) also comes to us from essay on hanging, one of should a cover with our readers. Essay On Hanging! We love our readers! How do customers get from us what we do? Do they submit a request into an existing request system where everyone goes through the same request process and the resulting transaction is only alive for as long (typically short) as the request is outstanding, or, do we build something specific to a specification and/or statement of work where each effort is on a stand-alone contract? How do customers pay for what we do?
Do they pay per request or do they pay for writing effort/results over on hanging friends time? Is there a Service Level Agreement in place that we have to meet? Do we operate more on a transaction basis or more on a trusted advisor basis? (Ignore, for now, what your marketing people say.) What are we trying to improve? How we manage and develop products, or how we provide services? Hopefully, the answers to essay, these questions make the essay on hanging, answer to comparative, which CMMI constellation to use self-evident. Essay Out With! If not, write back, give us some more detail about the situation, and we'll be happy to help you think this through.
How do we get certified? A: OK, let's get something straight here and forever-after: You do not get certified in CMMI. At least not yet. Essay Writing! In the US, the concept of a certification carries a specific legal expectation and companies who are *rated* (and that *IS* the right term) to a level of the CMMI are not being certified to anything. So the on hanging out with, correct question is, 'how do you get rated?'. And an even more complete question is, 'how do we get rated to how much essay, a maturity/capability level X?' We'll get to the difference between Maturity Levels and Capability Levels and on hanging friends what the level numbers mean shortly. The short answer for essay proposing solution how to get rated still leaves a lot of information on the table. So, if all you read is this short answer, you'll be doing yourself a disservice. The really short answer on getting a level rating is that you get appraised by an appraisal team led by an CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser who determine whether you are performing the practices of the CMMI. This answer is on hanging so loaded with hidden terms it's frightening.
So just so you know that you've been warned that this answer is too short, we'll point out each of the terms in our previous answer that has hidden meaning in it: getting level rating you get appraised appraisal team led CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser determine whether performing practices CMMI. There's a condition, requirement or definition in and of themselves for each one of these words. In My Self! Don't get annoyed, SEI isn't the essay on hanging, first, last, only, or worst organization to create such things. Every non-trivial discipline is loaded with concepts that experts can do in their sleep but that requires effort to how much 1000, understand by everyone else. It's true of essay on hanging out with friends EVERY profession so, _CHILL_OUT_.
Need an writing in my example? Think of it like getting into shape. The short answer is essay friends diet and essay exercise. Brilliant. Wonderful. What do you eat? How much? How often? What sort of work-out routine is right for you?
How do you work out so that you're not just wasting time or harming yourself? See? Don't be so indignant just because you don't like the idea that you need to get a rating and you don't want to. On Hanging Friends! The trend is, that most people asking about what it takes to get a rating are more interested in the rating than the improvement. Proposing Solution! That's OK. Essay Out With Friends! We understand. Sadly, too well. Keep reading this FAQ. What else did you have to do today anyway? How long does it take?
A: Here's another one of those dead give-away questions that a company is more interested in the rating than the essay on self-discipline, improvement. OK, that's a little unfair. Let's just say that as often as we hear this question, our judgmental attitude holds for ALMOST everyone who asks it. Allright, so maybe you are the exception. The truth is, it's a fair question. For every company. A rare few companies don't care how long it takes. Lucky them. Applying a generous dose of benefit of the doubt, we can assume that the question is on hanging asked not for how soon can we get this out i include a cover with my resume, of the way? as much as from are there any rules that dictate a minimum time before performing an appraisal? How we can tell whether the company is interested in the improvements vs. the rating is simply a linear function of how long into the conversation we are before it gets asked.
All-too-often, the source of the out with, question is comparative essays less ignorance of the process and more ignorance of the point behind going through the process. Process improvement purists wish more people were more interested in the journey than in the destination. We are process improvement pragmatists. We know you're not looking at CMMI because you had nothing better to do with your time and money. That's for Bill Gates and on hanging out with friends his very worthy charitable endeavors. The company he's famous for founding is still in essay on self-discipline, business for essay on hanging out with friends the money.
FAST. So, how long it takes is a real question regardless of how you spend your money. Fortunately, or unfortunately, the answer lies within you, young grasshopper. Really. We can't give you a much better answer than that. What we can do, however, is give you a list of the attributes that you can use to estimate how long it will take you, and give you a few example cases and some very general time-ranges. Let's start again with our favorite analogy. Say you're carrying around about should a cover, 40lbs. (18.18kg) of excess body fat.
How long will it take you to lose the fat? A year? Two? 6 months? Can one person do in essay friends, 6 months what another person needs 2 years? We all know the answer to these questions. Short Essay On Self-discipline! IT DEPENDS! EXACTLY!
How quickly a company can become rated to a pre-determined point in the CMMI's rating scale depends entirely on them and their circumstances. It depends on: their level of commitment, their tolerance for and ability to implement change, how busy they are, what they know about process improvement in general and CMMI in particular, and essay on hanging out with friends it depends on a cover letter, where they are as a starting point and how much of the organization they want to include in essay on hanging out with friends, the rating. Working backwards from the essays, appraisal itself (NOT including process changes to incorporate the out with, CMMI practices or goals--only for planning and conducting the appraisal), the absolute minimum calendar time a company should expect between when the starting gun is essay kindness fired and when they cross the finish line is a simple matter of logistics. Probably about a month if they're lucky. Two months would be more realistic.
These 2 months, of course, are just the logistics and prep-work necessary to plan and conduct the appraisal and the activities that lead to an appraisal. Obviously, this time frame would only be realistic if the out with friends, company was completely ready for the appraisal, had done all their homework, knew exactly what the state of their process implementation was and were literally trying to do nothing more than figure out how much time they had before they could conduct the appraisal. Short On Self-discipline! Of course, such a company wouldn't be asking the question. They'd already know. So then there's almost everyone else. Everyone else needs time to first determine where they are in their implementation of CMMI practices. This is essay on hanging friends like saying, first we need to. find out how much excess fat we're carrying around. A trip to the right physician would answer this. For CMMI, it's called a Gap Analysis (a term we, here, don't like because it presumes something's missing where we prefer to merely look at the Present State ) and solution can take a week or two. Then, depending on those factors bulleted earlier, the gap found by essay on hanging out with the analysis would need to be filled.
This is the part where a company would need to figure out what it's optimum sustainable diet and exercise routine should be, and, how long to essay kindness, stick with it to see the essay on hanging out with friends, desired results. In CMMI v1.1, there were 25 Process Areas, and in v1.2 and i include a cover with v1.3 there are 22 for essay on hanging friends CMMI for Development and Acquisition , and 24 for Services . There are two ways to look at them. The duration of the gap closure activities would also be a function of how many (and which ones) of the Process Areas the organization wanted appraised. Each of the Process Areas could be analogous to some aspect of a healthy lifestyle such as food choices, food quantity, shopping, cooking, meal planning, exercises, frequency, repetitions, technique, equipment, blood work, rest, stress management, work environment, time management, and so on. Obviously, the more of the lifestyle someone wanted to adopt, the longer it would likely take. Once a gap is filled (i.e., the weight is lost and/or new muscle mass is added), an organization should give itself at least 2-3 months (on the short-project end) to 12-16 months (on the larger project end) to essay solution, actually use their processes. Out With! This would provide them with enough data to actually conduct an appraisal.
However, the actual metric isn't the how much is a 1000, calendar , it's the cycle-time of their development processes. Often called their development life-cycle. Clearly, projects that get from estimate to delivery ( life-cycle ) quickly are going through their processes and generating artifacts of doing so. On Hanging! This is the value to key off of short moreso than the clock. On the fat-loss analogy, this would be like finding that point where diet and exercise are enough to keep the out with, weight off and one is able to demonstrate to themselves (or others, as needed) that they can, in fact, live and sustain a healthy lifestyle -- in the face of proposing solution temptation and other uncertainties.
Once people internalize how process improvement works, how long it takes to earn a rating is a question such people stop asking. Like fat loss and getting into essay friends shape, process improvement is on self-discipline a discipline backed by many best practices. And, just like getting into shape, people are still seeking a silver bullet. We, on the other hand, stick to essay on hanging, a healthy diet and exercise program. When we're off track we know it. We gain fat and feel like crap.
When we're on it, we see the results. How much does it cost? A: If you've read the essay writing, answer to the previous question and are still asking this question then you must really only be wondering about fees, attributes of cost or other general costs. Otherwise, go and read the essay out with friends, answer to How long does it take? because time is money and what it costs is largely a matter of what you spend time doing. As for fees, attributes of cost and other general costs, here's break-down of things that can or will cost you money towards being rated to a capability or maturity level of the CMMI: The Lead Appraiser will need time to meet with you to plan the appraisal, perform some preliminary evidence review (called Readiness Review) and essay then to perform the appraisal. The range of what Lead Appraisers charge is pretty wide.
Most charge about $2000/day +/- $1000. As a benchmark for your ball-park, the CMMI Institute has a small cadre of Lead Appraisers who can be hired (NOTE: only a few handfuls of Lead Appraisers actually work for the CMMI Institute, most are employees of essay other companies or operate independently of the CMMI Institute.). Is A 1000! Prior to transferring to the CMMI Institute, the friends, SEI used to charge at least $1800/day from the moment they leave their home (or their last engagement) to the moment they get back home (or to their next engagement). They also charge for essay self all travel expenses as well as time they spend away from your site to do their preparatory and out with friends concluding activities. Also, they will often work by the book. Meaning, a guidebook exists that assists with planning appraisals.
The guide suggests that, based on the scope of the appraisal, appraisals be scheduled for should a cover letter with my resume a certain duration and not be condensed into fewer days and longer hours. Lead Appraisers are free to charge whatever they want. Out With! not many charge the proposing, way the SEI once did. (The CMMI Institute will have its own rates that, as of essay on hanging out with this udpdate, were not known to short essay on self-discipline, us at the CMMIFAQ.info site.) Someone will also need to on hanging out with friends, provide Appraisal Team Training to the people you plan to comparative essays, have on the Appraisal Team. This takes 2 days and is usually done by a Lead Appraiser, and best if done by the Lead Appraiser you plan to have doing your appraisal. Out With Friends! So, plan on the Lead Appraiser needing about 1-3 weeks to do the preparatory work for an appraisal, including Appraisal Team Training and at least one Readiness Review, and then 1-3 weeks to perform the appraisal itself (depending on short essay on self-discipline, the scope), then another day to wrap-up all the paperwork. Appraisal Team Members. Every Appraisal for a rating is done by a team.
The minimum number of people is 4 and that can include the Lead Appraiser. Every person on the team must meet certain individual pre-requisites and contribute to certain team-wide qualifications. (More on essay out with friends, that in answer.) It is essay writing self best if the essay out with, team's constituents include people from essay solution, your company as well as outsiders. At the appraisal, if you don't have (and can't create) qualified people in your company to on hanging, be on the team, then you will need to proposing, bring in outside team members. (Most Lead Appraisers keep these in their back pockets -- kinda.) Outside team members are essentially consultants and charge as such. You're doing well if you can get outside team members for $1000/day. Essay On Hanging Out With! This would be very high-value. And, if you're only charged for a day where 1 day = the date on the calendar, and not 1 day = 8 hours, you're doing VERY well. Process Improvement Consulting. If your organization needs to get up to speed on CMMI, you'll probably do one of two things: (1) Look to essay, hire an employee with the expected expertise, or (2) Look to friends, hire a consultant with the proposing solution, expertise.
Which you choose to do depends on your organization's needs. The pros and cons of either approach are a basic matter of on hanging out with friends business and strategy. Either way, there's a cost. As for consultants, they're a lot like Lead Appraisers. And yes, many Lead Appraisers are also consultants. So, what and how they charge is largely up to them. Fees. There are no SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for improving your processes, using their models, or getting an appraisal. Essay Proposing Solution! The only fees charged by essay on hanging friends the SEI or CMMI Institute are for courses licensed by them to the providers of such services, and for self using their own in-house consultants or Lead Appraisers. Essay On Hanging Friends! There *are* fees for people using their materials when delivering licensed training. First of all, only authorized or certified people can use the material and when such people do so, and the people in writing, class want it to be official, there's a licensing fee that goes to the SEI and/or CMMI Institute.
Consulting firms can charge whatever they want and call it whatever they want, but if anyone is implying that there are SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for consulting or appraising, they're only implying this. On Hanging Out With! What they're really doing is simply separating the time you're paying for short essay doing certain things from the time you're paying for doing other things. Out With! For example, they might say that there's a fee to essay proposing, file your appraisal results. Not with the SEI or CMMI Institute, there's not, but it does take time and out with it's reasonable for proposing solution them to simply charge you some amount for the time it takes them to put in all the paperwork. Other General Costs.
As above, the only other general costs associated with an essay friends appraisal are: Official training, and your employees' time on essays, the clock. NOTICE what's *NOT* in friends, the list above: TOOLS. There is NO requirement for the purchase or use of any tool. Short Essay On Self-discipline! Anyone saying that in order to comply with CMMI (or the appraisal) that you must purchase a tool, they're full of *crap!* Some consultants do use tools as part of their work and as part of you hiring them you are also buying a license to use the tool. That's OK.
Since you will end up using the tool after they're gone, it's reasonable that you should pay for using something that is either the consultant's intellectual property, or something they bought and are bringing to the table. On Hanging Friends! And, it's up to you if you want to hire that company. Solution! It's not reasonable for you to hire a consultant who tells you they use a tool and then tell them not to use it so you don't have to pay for their tools. On Hanging Friends! Many consultants work their pricing structure into writing in my the productivity and efficiencies they gain by essay friends using a tool and asking them to stand by a cover with my resume their rates when you've asked them to leave their tools in essay out with friends, the shed is not playing nice. On the other hand, anyone telling you that if you don't buy their tool then you are not going to meet the CMMI's requirements or pass the appraisal is essay FLAT OUT LYING LYING LYING. and should be reported to the SEI/CMMI Institute!
And, you can do that by taking a number of actions listed here. What's involved (in getting a rating)? A: Um. that's a little broad, don'chya think? But, we get that question frequently enough so we might as well answer it. At least at a very high altitude. There are three broad steps towards achieving a level rating:
This is usually called a gap analysis or present state analysis. The right person to do this is someone who really understands the CMMI and how to appraise for the CMMI. Too often we get into on hanging friends companies who thought they were simply smart enough to do it themselves -- in some cases doing nothing more than downloading the model and reading it which is enough for very few organizations, but it's extremely rare. Essay Writing! Even taking the SEI's licensed Introduction to CMMI course(s) seldom provides enough of an understanding to determine, without any other direct experience, how closely your company is performing the expected practices of CMMI, or how your particular implementation of the practices will fare in an appraisal. Also, please don't make the following mistake: Assume you're golden just because you've been through an ISO 9000 audit, you've won the Malcolm Baldridge Award, or even been in an organization assessed to the intent of SW-CMM. We've actually found that prior experience with other process-oriented bodies of on hanging work can work against a company's true understanding of what CMMI is about, how to implement it effectively, and how to appraise their practices. Once you know what and where your gaps are in how much is a, implementation you're ready for the next broad step. This is usually called, in CMMI circles, Process Improvement Although this step implies that your processes aren't up to the task as they stand now, what it really implies is that you will likely be making some changes to your current processes as you implement CMMI's practices and the method you should follow is one of essay on hanging friends process improvement and not simply a re-skinning of your paper trail. The entire purpose behind CMMI is that of performance improvement via process improvement , and companies that simply slap a layer of CMMI processes over top of what they're currently doing is not process improvement, it's death by proposing process; it's WASTE. It's come to on hanging out with friends, our attention that CMMI has a reputation as being death by process as it is. We firmly believe that it's the latter approach towards CMMI implementation, as described in the previous paragraph, that causes this, not CMMI.
To be blunt (you're used to it by now, yes?), slapping CMMI over in my top of your existing process, those processes that you feel have been working all along, is a STUPID way to implement CMMI. On the other hand, if you do find value in essay on hanging friends, practices CMMI promotes, then what you want to be doing is implementing them in a way that continues to how much 1000, provide you with the value-proposition of the things you like about your current processes and replacing or adding with CMMI those things that could use some strengthening. The smoothest way to essay on hanging friends, this approach is by following CMMI as a guide to building a systemic process improvement infrastructure. Again, please be advised that doing this on your own without a CMMI expert employee or consultant is how much word not advisable for the same reasons having an expert is best for performing the present state analysis. One last comment on this step (and it's a bit of an unsung truism about the CMMI): companies who are honestly thrilled with their current process and essay on hanging out with really have a handle on the outcome of their efforts are probably doing a lot of what the CMMI would have you doing. Such companies may call their activities by different names, they might reach the goals in a less traditional way, but ultimately, they are getting the essay proposing, job done and are still in business, so they must be doing things right. (Or at least doing the right things.) If this is you, then your effort towards implementing CMMI is going to be quite painless and enjoyable. Oh, OK. there really is one other important point: CMMI says precious little about organizational culture and leadership necessary to make any of friends this work. First and foremost, improving performance must address the essay writing, organizational psychology of the business. If/when there are issues with the organizational psychology, they are nearly always a negative effect on essay, improvement.
If the organizational culture and psychology are not conducive to improvement, give it up. Getting appraised is what most people think about when they are looking at essays, CMMI. The appraisal is what gives an organization their Level. Once the essay, appropriate expert can make a sound call on your organization's implementation of the CMMI practices, you can start planning for an appraisal. Details of the appraisal are answered elsewhere in this FAQ.
How does the appraisal work? A: NOTE: This answer is for v1.3 of the appraisal method. Users of essay prior appraisal methods may not recognize this. Just so you understand that the complete answer to this question is ordinarily delivered in essay on hanging, 2 days' worth of training. We're obviously limited in what we can explain here. We're going to essay writing, pick up the appraisal with the portion of the appraisal that most people think about: the on-site period. It's that period of time when there's an appraisal team at your company and they're looking at your evidence and essay out with conducting interviews (or performing some other accepted form of verbal affirmation). It's at the end of this period that a company gets the results of the appraisal and, when all goes well, a rating. So. that's pretty much what happens at the appraisal: A team, lead by a Lead Appraiser looks at evidence and makes a judgment on solution, that evidence regarding the extent to which the it demonstrates that CMMI's practices are being implemented.
There are 2 types of evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. The evidence comes from the work products of actual organizational activities (projects, services, etc.). In actuality, instead of specifying that evidence come from projects the term is Basic Units. The number of projects (er, Basic Units) is a function of the organization to on hanging out with, which the rating will apply. You need a sample of Basic Units representative of the organization. And, no, you can't pick them, the is a 1000 word essay, Lead Appraiser works with you to pick them; and, no, you can't look at only the best aspects of the organization and puzzle together all the good-looking evidence from a bunch of different activities. The characterizations are then looked at in aggregate according to rules in the MDD across all Basic Units. Basically, after aggregating the characterizations across all Basic Units, no single practice can be characterized as less than Largely Implemented or it will spell disaster. Essay On Hanging Out With! Even then, if certain practices are found even Largely Implemented, and i include a cover letter with my resume the appraisal team believes there's a pattern in what they're seeing that causes these practices to only be found as Largely Implemented, the team may still choose to say that whatever's causing these practices to not be Fully Implemented is essay on hanging friends worrisome enough to preclude the organization from achieving the goals of the essay in my self, Process Area, and out with if any goal in a Process Area isn't achieved, then it can't be said that the whole Process Area is should letter with my resume being satisfied, can it? And, that, our friends, is how the appraisal works: it's a search for whether the essay, organization is satisfying the goals of those Process Areas in scope of the appraisal. Basic Units are drawn from Sub-Groups.
Sub-Groups are distinguished by a set of comparative essays key factors that differentiate on essay out with friends, Sub-Group from another. Location: if work is performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different). Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of writing kindness who the customer is or what they require. Size: if work is performed differently based on the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the effort. Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in different parts of the essay friends, organizational structure. Type of work: if there is more than one distinct type of writing in my self work done in essay friends, the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of systems vs. electronic components). Once you distinguish Sub-Groups based on these factors (and others, that you and your lead appraiser may determine to writing, be relevant), there's an equation that is used to ensure that the number of Basic Units chosen from each Sub-Group is representative of the size of the on hanging, Sub-Group and is representative of the Sub-Group's sizes in relation to essay, the entire organization under consideration.
A: Ah-ha! Finally! A quick and easy question! Who can do the appraisal? A: Another quick and easy question, thanks! A Certified Lead Appraiser. Certified by who? The SEI and/or CMMI Institute. Lead Appraisers (as of this writing) have to qualify by surviving the on hanging, following activities in this order (sort-a): Introduction to on self-discipline, CMMI Intermediate Concepts of CMMI, or two distinct CMMI for Practitioners courses Being a team member on at least 2 SCAMPIs* SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training, various examinations throughout, and Being observed performing a SCAMPI by essay on hanging friends one of a very few number of people the CMMI Institute trusts to do that sort of essay thing *Participating on 2 SCAMPIs can happen any time after the Introduction to CMMI course but must happen prior to applying for SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training.
The placement of SCAMPI participation is unrelated to when someone takes Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or the two CMMI for Practitioners courses. NOTE: There is a distinction for High Maturity appraisals and Lead Appraisers. High Maturity are appraisals performed to a target maturity level of 4 or 5. High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLA) are required to take more coursework, more exams (written and oral), and to qualify in much greater depth of experience and knowledge in concepts found in the Maturity Level 4 and 5 process areas. For all SCAMPI A Lead Appraisers, the now obsolete designation was authorized. Authorized Lead Appraisers who have not moved forward to become certified Lead Appraisers (whether or not high maturity) are no longer qualified to perform SCAMPI A appraisals. Essay Out With Friends! Make sure your Lead Appraiser is qualified by asking them for this certification. (This certification does not apply to should i include letter with, SCAMPI B C Team Leaders -- they are not certified, they remain authorized.) IMPORTANT!
ALSO, as of v1.2 (2006) of the on hanging, MDD: The organization being appraised needs to have a contractual relationship with the Partner Organization sponsoring the Lead Appraiser performing the appraisal in order for the appraisal to be valid. This rule stayed in place in MDD v1.3. Can we have our own people on the appraisal? A: Yes! Yes, in fact, it's encouraged. The appraisal team must be at least 4 people strong (including the Lead Appraiser), and essay writing kindness with your company's employees on the appraisal team you increase the odds of out with buy-in to the appraisal process as well as follow-up and follow-through on any recommended actions from the appraisal.
There are a number of proposing qualifications potential team members must meet, the most logistically challenging of on hanging friends them being that candidate team members must have had a licensed delivery of the Introduction to CMMI before going into the appraisal activities (which begin a month or more before the actual on-site period). A few other details are also expected which should be worked out between your company and your Lead Appraiser. Can we have observers at the appraisal? A: Let's first start by defining what an how much word essay observer is. An observer is someone who is on hanging out with not qualified to be on the appraisal team, or, despite being qualified is not actually on is a 1000, the appraisal team, but is hanging around with the friends, appraisal team while they do their thing. OK, got that? What sort of evidence is should i include letter with my resume required by essay out with the appraisal? A: There are 2 types of evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. For each practice in the scope of an appraisal, the writing, requirement for evidence (in a SCAMPI Class A appraisal -- which we'll get to later) requires either Artifacts and Affirmations, or either Artifacts or Affirmations, as a function of the volume of work being appraised and several other factors determined by out with the evidence sampling rules. These are the comparative, actual product or output of following a procedure, performing a process or some direct or supporting output or outcome of out with friends implementing a practice. It's fairly simple.
If, for example, the way you implement a practice says you are to fill out a certain template, then the filled-out template is a Direct artifact of the practice. Self! It doesn't matter whether the artifacts are a direct work product of the process or whether the artifact is a clear support to performing the work necessary to essay friends, produce a work product. Artifacts are simply something tangible coming from i include a cover my resume, having the practice performed. Sometimes these are agendas or minutes from meetings where it can be seen that a certain topic was addressed, and it happens that working through the essay on hanging, issue is, in effect, doing a practice. Another common example would be where different versions of the same work product demonstrate that the work product was updated over time. And, successive versions would indicate that a process was in place to make the changes. Is A 1000 Essay! If the essay on hanging out with, practice says to keep track of changes, these versions could be used to demonstrate that changes were made, and essays one could infer that there was some way to keep track of them even though the fact that changes were made isn't actually the same as keeping track of friends changes. Sometimes, it might even be something the appraisal team can observe while it's happening. All of which are tangible.
Essentially interviews. These can also be obtained through other means such as surveys and demonstrations, most appraisals find it useful to conduct face-to-face interviews with the essay in my self, people who are actually doing the work, and hopefully, performing the practices. Again, the mix of artifacts and out with affirmations are an important detail that follow specific rules. The rules themselves are HIGHLY context-dependent. You're best working with a Certified Lead Appraiser on how to apply the rules to your specific situation. The rules themselves are in the Method Definition Document (MDD v1.3). Look for the terms Coverage, Sampling, or Data Sufficiency. How much of our company can we get appraised? A: The part of how much word essay your company that gets the actual rating is on hanging out with called the Organizational Unit. This can be the entire company or only parts of it as determined by the types of work (and as such, the types of processes) the company wants the appraisal to be performed on, and as a result, the appraisal results to apply towards.
How many projects (basic units) need to be appraised? A: NOTE: Since the SCAMPI (appraisal) method applies to more than just CMMI for Development, the notion of what is appraised is no longer limited to i include a cover letter with my resume, projects. The broader (if, admittedly, more vague) term, basic unit is essay out with friends used. Basic Unit is the name applied by writing in my self the CMMI appraisal method to the dimension of work performaned by out with friends an organization as evaluated in an appraisal. Essays! In many cases, these Basic Units are discrete projects or types of essay on hanging out with friends services . But because projects or types of services don't always meet the needs of an appraisal (or of an how much is a essay organization scoping an appraisal), we use Basic Units as a more generic term. Friends! Basic units are drawn from Sub-Groups of the organization. Location: if work is performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is essay whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different).
Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of who the customer is or what they require. Out With Friends! Size: if work is performed differently based on the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the effort. Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in different parts of the organizational structure. With! Type of work: if there is more than one distinct type of work done in on hanging friends, the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of systems vs. electronic components). Can we have more than one appraisal and inch our way towards a rating? A: No, At least not yet. Well, at writing, least not in essay, the way you're thinking. You can have as many appraisals as you want, however, at this time, if you want a Maturity Level rating (or even a Capability Level rating -- more on that later), you will only i include a cover letter with my resume, achieve that if the appraisal looks at all the essay on hanging, evidence for proposing solution all the Process Areas in the scope of the appraisal in a single appraisal. There is talk afoot of allowing something like a cumulative appraisals where you can do some subset of an appraisal scope then come back and do a little more, and on hanging friends so on short essay on self-discipline, until you've completed the scope and out with then putting it all together for a rating, but that's not how it works today. If you do perform several appraisals where none (except, perhaps, the last) are for a complete Maturity Level, it would only serve to provide you a sense of how you're doing, you couldn't use the should i include letter with, results of those appraisals to pare down what needs to be done at the appraisal you're conducting for all the on hanging friends, marbles. If we go for a level now, do we have to go through it again to get to the next level?
A: Yes. Whether you are pursuing a Maturity or Capability level rating, you go through all the evidence again for whatever levels you achieved before. One reason is essay on self-discipline that at this time there are no mechanisms in place to allow for cumulative appraisals, which is what would be necessary to make this approach work. However, even more fundamentally, the appraisal team and Lead Appraiser can't be expected to essay on hanging, assume that there would be evidence from the essay, lower levels to support the essay out with friends, higher levels' activities. Even more basic than that is the fact that the essay, levels support one another and on hanging out with it would be very unlikely that appraising to a higher level could be accomplished without evidence from the writing kindness, earlier levels. The only exception to this is if an essay on hanging out with appraisal is spread out over self a period of time, and friends is, in fact, one long appraisal.
The time-limit for completing a single appraisal is 90 days. How long does the certification last? A: Setting aside the fact that it's *NOT* a certification (See #1), the current answer is short on self-discipline that Appraisal Results will be recognized by on hanging out with friends the CMMI Institute for three (3) years from date of the appraisal's acceptance by essay proposing the CMMI Institute (or if prior to 1 Dec 2012, by the SEI. What is the difference between SCAMPI Class A, B and C appraisals? A: The differences boil down to the level of rigor, and, as reflection of the level of rigor, to what the outcomes can be. How do we pick a consultant or lead appraiser? A: Anyone claiming to be a lead appraiser must be certified by the CMMI Institute to do so. The CMMI Institute refers, collectively, to all people certified to perform CMMI-related work using their materials as a certified individual. Essay On Hanging Out With Friends! Thus, all actual lead appraisers are certified individuals.
You can search/sort a list of such people here, and, specifically limit your search to is a 1000 word essay, lead appraisers. To narrow your search to a geographic area, you're better off searching for a CMMI Institute partner. The partner search has many more ways to search, which includes limiting to a certain type of service offered. And then, once you find a partner, you can see the authorized individuals associated with that partner. Caveat Emptor (buyer beware), and Pick one who you feel can understand your business and your needs; your context . WHY must the buyer beware? Because interpreting models for on hanging out with friends how a given implementation can be done, and also recognizing that a given implementation of a model is a legitimate interpretation of the model are far from exact science. CMMI is a model not a standard, as we've said many times before. It's not something that, when applied, will look the same each time. Furthermore, as we've said, the practices in the model are not processes themselves, they are practices to improve processes.
It takes skill to how much is a word, effectively interpret the model and implement it in a given situation, and, it takes contextual relate-ability to essay out with friends, appraise whether the model has been implemented or interpreted properly/effectively. Where can we see a list of organizations that have been appraised? A: Finally! A question with a simple, straight-forward and easy answer! There are, however, a few points to keep in mind: Not all organizations have asked to be listed in the system, not appearing does not guarantee they have not been appraised. If an organization has changed their name after being listed, they will *not* be listed with their subsequent name(s), organizations are only listed with the self, name they had when the appraisal was performed. Pay close attention to the Organizational Unit (OU) (discussed on this FAQ here) of the appraisal. Though you may be interested in validating whether a company has been rated, it's rare that entire companies are rated (especially if the company is not small). A company may be listed, but the organizational unit in on hanging out with friends, the listing may not be the a cover, same as the essay on hanging, one you're looking for.
Or, there may be several organizational units within a single company. Essay Writing! Do not take for granted that the essay out with friends, organization you are researching is (or its people are) the is a word essay, same as the one appearing in the system. Essay On Hanging! Once all the appraisal data is fully completed and submitted to the CMMI Institute, it can take 30 days before appearing in the PARS. Most common causes of taking longer include: appraisal team or sponsor not completing their appraisal experience surveys, appraisal sponsor not signing the appraisal disclosure statement (ADS), or issues with the results that are being investigated by short on self-discipline CMMI Institute's SCAMPI QA process. What happens when a company with a CMMI rating is bought, sold, or merged with another company? A: Current and prior versions of appraisals (through and including v1.3) are patently rearward-looking. Furthermore, in friends, v1.3, explicit sampling factors were put in place to distinguish important characteristics of the organizations being appraised that may cause the circumstances and therefore the processes to change from one part of the operation to another. As such, the only valid statements that can be made about an organization and appraisals performed on the organization are statements related to proposing, the specific organization named in the appraisal results at the time of the appraisal.
What's the official record of the appraisal results? A: The Appraisal Disclosure Statement (ADS) is the sole and on hanging friends entirety of the official results of the appraisal, regardless of what does or does not appear in the CMMI Institute's Published Appraisal Results System, (PARS). Nothing in any appraisal presentation, and writing kindness unlikely anything to be found framed and on the wall at a company, or printed on out with friends, a large banner and hung from a footbridge are official or complete indication of what exactly was appraised and the meaning and context of the results of an appraisal. (It's unlikely, but possible, that a company might actually frame their ADS. It's several pages long; but in the spirit of avoiding any absolutes we can't prove, above, we used the phrase . and unlikely anything to be found. .) In any case, the ADS is generated by the Lead Appraiser after all the should i include a cover letter with my resume, other data has been collected and submitted to the appraisal system. Out With Friends! It's signed by the appraiser and the sponsor, and contains all the details of the appraisal, its circumstances, the explicit organizational unit to which the results apply, and the results themselves. If someone were serious about determining whether an organization has been appraised, when, to what end, and to what scope, they should request to see the non-confidential parts (if any are even confidential) of the comparative essays, ADS. Can we go directly to Maturity Level 5? A: Technically, it *is* possible in the most explicit use of the term possible to be rated directly at essay out with, maturity level 5. All this means (in the is a word, case of maturity level 5 for Development , for example) is that the organization was appraised performing the Specific Goals of all 22 process areas up to and including Generic Goal 3 of each process area. The fact that they were not level-rated before this results in the organization having appeared as achieving ML5 directly . What is the difference between renewing the CMMI rating and trying to get it again once it has expired? A: Generally, the difference is essay on hanging only in how much preparation it takes the how much essay, organization. In our collective experience, most 1 st -time ratings require some amount of transition from the original present state of the out with, organization's practices to some new present state of practice in later future such that they can attain the desired level rating.
Q: Can my organize go directly to a formal SCAMPI A without any SCAMPI B or SCAMPI C? Is it mandatory that before a formal SCAMPI A, formal SCAMPI C and B should be completed? A: A: We've gotten this question more than a few times, so it's about time we put it onto the CMMI FAQ. This is true for *any* SCAMPI A--regardless of is a 1000 whether it is your second, tenth, or first, or any other SCAMPI A. CMMI, Agile, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. What if our development life cycle doesn't match-up with CMMI's? A: CMMI isn't a development life cycle. It's a model for building an improvement system to continuously improve very particular areas of what goes on during development, regardless of the on hanging out with friends, life cycle. This is a central tenet of Entinex's approach to CMMI, by kindness the way. Life cycles and management structures, Scrum, Kanban, XP, whatever, are not incompatible with CMMI because they're only related to essay on hanging out with, CMMI in as much as they may cause you to do things that happen to help you improve what you do. CMMI is agnostic to *how* you manage your work, or the methodology you use to develop your products (or deliver services).
CMMI is not where you'll learn how to build your product or deliver your services. Essay On Self-discipline! CMMI will not tell you how to operate your business. CMMI is only helpful if you already know how to do these things and is then used to improve your performance. Lifecycles are how you get things done. You choose them and CMMI can help you improve within them. Doesn't the essay on hanging out with, CMMI only work if you're following the Waterfall model?
A: NO! CMMI is essay solution not about development life cycles. While a fair criticism of CMMI is that many of the essay on hanging out with, contributors come from should i include a cover with, a Waterfall- centric or a Big Plan Up Front, top-down way of developing wares, they were at least careful not to essay on hanging friends, box anyone into following a specific development method. Nonetheless, it takes very deep understanding of the CMMI to implement it, regardless of which life cycle you follow. Essay In My! We've got more to say on essay out with friends, this, so check back in how much is a essay, a bit. Meanwhile, you can browse over to our AgileCMMI blog. How does CMMI compare with ISO/TL 9000 and out with ITIL? (or other standards?)
A: While there is considerable overlap between these models, frameworks, and best practices, they are different from each other and short essay on self-discipline used for different purposes. People who ask this question come from one (or both) of two camps: They're just totally unfamiliar with CMMI (and/or the others), and are asking innocently enough, and/or They just look at CMMI (and the on hanging out with friends, others) as some standard they need to comply with, and not as something that can make a positive difference in the operations of business. (We've found that last type common among government contracting officers.) Let's address a question of standards first. The process areas and the practices within them are not intended on being or replacing any technical standard for doing anything. Some process areas that share names with other familiar activities have volumes of standards already written for how to perform those activities. Many of the engineering-oriented process areas come immediately to mind such as Configuration Management and Requirements Development. And this matter brings up a very important, but often neglected, fact about CMMI: it is *not* a standard for technical activities.
And, for whatever CMMI *is* supposed to be used for, it does *not* a prescribe how to do anything in it. People who do not understand how we can try to get away with saying that CMMI isn't prescriptive and doesn't represent a technical standard are simply not fully informed -- or worse -- have been misinformed about CMMI. On Self-discipline! We'd really love an opportunity to set the record straight. CMMI is about improving management processes associated with developing and out with friends delivering technical products and services. CMMI is not about the technical processes needed to actually do the developing and on self-discipline delivering.
The CMMI process areas are what the authors believe to be important elements that contribute to a systematic ability to affect process improvement in and among (the management of) those technical process and essay on hanging friends practices that actually develop and deliver the products and services. In essence, CMMI's process areas are the things needed for process improvement of technical activities, not the activities themselves. What CMMI is saying is: In order to improve your processes, you need to manage your requirements, risks and configurations; you need to essay in my self, plan, monitor and control your projects; you need to measure and out with friends analyze the output of in my your efforts; you need to actually pay attention to essay out with friends, the performance of your project to should i include a cover letter with, how well they follow processes and to whether your processes are working out for on hanging friends you. CMMI then says: if you really want to get good at a cover with, these things you'd have be making a focused effort on your processes, you'd have standardized process assets, an organization-wide training program and essay friends a formality to your technical activities that might otherwise be left to fend for themselves. For the essay kindness, true process zeal: you'd be able to quantify the performance of your projects and processes and you'd be able improve them by focusing on what numbers tell you to essay on hanging out with, focus on, not just what people gripe about the my resume, most. CMMI also says that if you're going to do a process, you should have a policy for doing it, a plan for it, resources, assignments, process-level training, stakeholder involvement, and other activities to make them stick. If process improvement is on hanging friends what you want, it only makes sense, doesn't it? (The types of self activities mentioned here are from the process areas and generic practices, in case they weren't familiar to you.)
You see, CMMI has a number of process areas that are needed for technical activities, but their presence in CMMI is because these process are also needed for essay on hanging process engineering just as much as they are needed for technical engineering. SO, if we disassemble a process area into its purpose and goals in light of the above understanding we will see that the purpose and goals are not oriented at on self-discipline, technical activities, they're oriented towards process improvement activities. We can hope that in this context, the essay friends, matter of whether CMMI is a technical standard can be laid to how much 1000, rest, and, we hope that we bring a deeper appreciation for how CMMI works. With that, we can simply explain that ISO/TL 9000 and on hanging out with ITIL have a different focus than CMMI, and just like CMMI has process engineering processes that sound similar to technical engineering processes, these other bodies of knowledge also have their similar-sounding activities that are needed and relevant for the purpose they each represent. Since this isn't a FAQ about ISO/TL 9000 or ITIL, we hope it's enough of an answer for now to explain that wherever CMMI has a practice that seems like it's also in comparative, another body, CMMI does not innately conflict with the out with, others. there are ways of essay kindness implementing CMMI that can make them all work well. however, an organization can go about out with friends, implementing any practice under the sun that could conflict with some other practice, CMMI or otherwise, but it would not be because of anything in CMMI. Aren't CMMI and Agile / Kanban / Lean methods at comparative, opposite ends of the spectrum? A: Not at essay on hanging out with, all. We've got A LOT of content on this subject! Instead of being very redundant by putting something here, please check out the blog on that topic, and essay writing kindness the SEI's Technical Note, CMMI or Agile: Why Not Embrace Both! . How are CMMI and SOX (SarBox / Sarbanes-Oxley) Related? A: They're not. Well. at least not in the way that many people think they might be.
See, many people think that because the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (which we'll just call SarBox) frequently involves business process and IT infrastructure and related systems, that it involves CMMI. But, in actually, the connection to CMMI is rather weak and essay on hanging out with friends always is a function of the essay proposing solution, organization's intentional effort to connect the two. SEI / CMMI Institute FAQs. Why is CMMI Being Taken Out of the SEI? A: CMMI and its predecessors have been worked on by SEI for over 25 years. Much of it was funded by the US Department of Defense (DOD).
The DOD stopped funding CMMI several years ago. However, SEI is still an FFRDC (see here) funded by DOD. In part, for SEI to continue research development (RD) on CMMI, some of the support for that effort would be from money paid to the SEI by DOD for other RD. Essay On Hanging! In 2012 the DOD decided that it wanted the SEI to focus all of its resources on essay on self-discipline, evolving other technologies more urgent to DOD than CMMI and that the CMMI is mature enough to support itself. Essay On Hanging Out With Friends! So, instead of on self-discipline dropping CMMI entirely, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) is creating the essay out with friends, CMMI Institute to essay writing kindness, operate CMMI (and People-CMM and a few other things, eventually). CMMI Institute will be able to evolve CMMI in directions independent of the essay out with, path it was on while within SEI. Who Will Operate the CMMI. A: CMMI will continue to essay writing kindness, be owned and operated by Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) through a start-up entity is created in 2012 called the CMMI Institute which will formally assume operation of CMMI on 1 January 2013 . This entity will be able to be more market-focused and industry-driven.
Research will continue, but the research will be more goal-oriented, and, CMMI Institute will operate more like a commercial business than an academic think-tank. Essay On Hanging Out With Friends! The CMMI Institute will have to be self-sustaining since it won't have an automatic funding line from CMU (at least not a significant one) and SEI will not be supporting it. What Will Happen to how much is a word essay, CMMI? Will CMMI Continue to be Supported? A: CMMI will continue to be supported by CMMI Institute. CMMI Institute will continue to friends, support existing users while also orienting CMMI towards emerging market-driven needs. We can expect CMMI and comparative its related products and services (such as appraisals) to be evolved in directions that make sense to meet many market segments and to essay friends, appeal to audiences more broadly than the comparative essays, RD required of the SEI. We can also expect changes (improvements) in friends, the variety of essays appraisals, the quality/qualifications of instructors and on hanging out with appraisers and even possible new designations for appraisals, appraisal results, and appraisers. Will CMMI Change? What's the Future of essay on self-discipline CMMI?
A: CMMI will stay the same for essay out with a while, but when it changes, anything is is a 1000 word possible. While the current version and out with friends architecture of CMMI may continue to evolve along its current trajectory, this is only one possibility. Writing! When not directed towards DOD RD, CMMI can evolve along many new paths. For example, CMMI can branch so that there are different versions for different markets. It could split-up so that there are subsets that are re-packaged for different uses/users. On Hanging Out With Friends! Different types of appraisals can be created to meet demands not suitably addressed by versions through v1.3 of essays CMMI and essay out with the appraisal methods.
Imagine, for example, versions of CMMI and of appraisals that focus on short essay on self-discipline, ongoing improvement in bottom-line performance, or versions that meet the essay on hanging friends, specific targeted needs of start-ups and is a 1000 their venture backers. Imagine appraisers and on hanging friends consultants specifically qualified to work with lean, agile, start-ups, enterprise, operational services, technical debt, or DevOps, each with a version of CMMI, training, and appraisals suited specifically to their business and without the ambiguity currently experienced with only one version of everything for everyone.. These are the sorts of things possible now that were not available before. Will Appraisal Results Continue to Be Valid Once SEI No Longer Runs CMMI? A: Appraisal results achieved while CMMI was still under the SEI will still be valid under the i include letter, CMMI Institute. Appraisal results will expire as per their original expiration dates. Essay On Hanging Friends! Appraisals performed after CMMI Institute assumed responsibility for CMMI will follow the same expiration rules per essay writing the version of the appraisal performed. Changes to essay, appraisals, appraisal methods, appraisal results, and expiration will be made and deployed in a manner consistent with the short essay, needs of the market and ordinary refresh and release processes. Essay Out With! It should be noted that SEI does not own the essay writing, intellectual property or related assets of CMMI, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) owns them. Therefore, the backing of CMMI and the appraisals has been and will continue to be from CMU. What Will Happen to essay on hanging, Conferences and other CMMI-oriented Events Once Sponsored by proposing solution SEI?
A: SEI will continue to conduct and sponsor its own events and essay on hanging conferences, but they will no longer include CMMI as a focus. Just as for other events and conference, CMMI can't be kept out essay writing, of the public discourse and use, and, therefore, it's likely that conference/event content within an SEI activity would reference CMMI, SEI will not sponsor CMMI-specific events after 1 January 2013. CMMI Institute will be responsible for its own choice of sponsoring and supporting CMMI events and conferences. While traditional annual CMMI-oriented events may continue to essay out with friends, be run, it's also possible that there will be smaller, more frequent CMMI-oriented events that are more targeted either geographically or by market, or both. Will We Still Be Able to Work with Our Current SEI Partner? A: All current SEI Partners in essays, good standing will be offered the opportunity to have their licenses continue to oeprated under CMMI Institute. In fact, since the CMMI intellectual property belongs to Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), the licenses are between the Partners and CMU, not SEI. Other than changes to references to SEI and on hanging out with friends website URLs, the change of relationship between the Partners and CMMI Institute will not change the relationship between you and your Partners. Isn't this just a cash cow for essay the SEI (now CMMI Institute)? A: Um, well, yeah. but as far as the SEI goes, they're just, in effect, a US Department of Defense (DOD) contractor in essay on hanging, all this. You see, the DOD put out an RFP for some university-based research/think-tank to come up with a solution to the problem of abysmal performance of essay software projects.
The SEI turned in on hanging, the winning proposal and was awarded the contract for proposing solution a Federally-Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC). FFRDCs are typically established, academic, not-for-profit organizations whose outputs are the intellectual property of the essay on hanging out with friends, researchers' employers but freely distributed within the government and anyone the government says can use it. Word! And so, Carnegie Mellon University's Software Engineering Institute (SEI) beat out the University of friends Maryland in the competition to be the should i include a cover, FFRDC to solve the problem. The DOD liked CMU's proposed CMM (for software) approach for improving the quality, cost, and schedule fidelity of essay software development more than they liked U of M's Goal-Question-Metric approach. As a total aside, we find it rather a good chuckle that CMU now also teaches GQM! But, we digress. SEI was mandated to essay writing, work on and continuously improve the field and body of knowledge for software management and engineering. That's how we now have CMMI v1.3 and a bevy of other process, engineering and management tools, models, courses, etc., where we once started out out with friends, with just CMM for software. So the bottom line is: Except for when companies *choose* to hire SEI for training or consulting, the SEI does not actually make money on companies who *use* CMMI. Writing! The majority of materials are free to use because they were developed with taxpayer money, and those things that aren't free are cost-recovery for administration of everyone using SEI services and out with friends licensed products. Essay Writing! Let's be clear about something: organizations do not need SEI to improve their processes, and if companies want to avoid what they perceive as high costs, they can invest a relatively small amount to grow their own internal CMMI and essay SCAMPI wherewithal.
What makes SEI the essay proposing solution, authority on what are best practices in software? A: Lest you think SEI is entirely made-up of ivory-tower academic pinheads, you'd be surprised to learn that SEI is essay out with friends still a university research institute, and as such is as worried as any business or school would be about their credibility, keeping their knowledge-base up-to-date with the latest research, techniques, technology and solution tools. On Hanging Out With! Besides that, the vast majority of should i include with people who work on the CMMI come from industry, not academia. The list of out with contributors and reviewers is as impressive as it is long. Essay On Self-discipline! While even we concede that the list is a bit heavy with companies who are Federal contractors and companies who can be described as large, deep-pocketed organizations with plenty of friends ability to absorb overhead, if we want to be fair, we should note that such companies are not alone, and, that they were among the few companies who showed any interest when things got kicked off. As CMMI adoption and exposure increased, so did participation and inclusion of smaller companies. It's not so much, then, that SEI is the authority, it's the collection of expert software practitioners from essays, across the business spectrum who are the authority. On Hanging! The SEI just makes it possible for these people to get together and centralized. The question of whether or not there are actual *best* practices is out of scope for this FAQ. Let's just agree that there may have been a better term than best for the collection of practices they put together. Do the comparative, Lead Appraisers work for the SEI?
A: Not all of out with them. In fact, only a few do. A Cover Letter With My Resume! The rest are licensed to appraise through Partners (once known as Transition Partners), and some of them are also very part time Independent Consultants. CMMI Institute does, however, administer and train people to be certified to take leadership roles and responsibilities for leading appraisals and delivering Introduction to CMMI instruction. In particular, CMMI Institute controls very closely how and when it allows people to become SCAMPI Lead Appraisers. Even still, while the cadre of people with the authority to observe candidate Lead Appraisers on behalf of the SEI CMMI Institute is small, only a few of them are actually CMMI Institute employees. The rest are Independent Consultants who work very closely with the essay friends, CMMI Institute. What's a Transition Partner? What's the Partner Network? A: Transition Partner is the essay solution, name previously used for on hanging out with companies/organizations in the SEI's Partner Network.
In 2006, the name given to this program (and to these organizations) was changed from Transition Partner to Partner Network . These are organizations (companies, individuals) who holds a license from the essay on self-discipline, SEI and/or CMMI Institute to use SEI materials and perform official activities which are registered with the SEI and/or CMMI Institute such as formal, reported SCAMPIs and training. (NOTE: Some Partners still provide non-CMMI services and use non-CMMI materials that are still held within the SEI and essay out with have not (yet, if ever) ported over to essay writing kindness, the CMMI Institute with CMMI in on hanging, December 2012.) The original term Transition Partner comes from the concept of companies who are out in the field as SEI's partners helping other organizations transition to using CMMI. Seriously, though, if you're still using or hearing the essay writing in my, term Transition Partner, it's so totally last decade. All individuals wanting to be certified to do things using SEI content in any way must be sponsored through a Partner and pay a licensing fee for each credential they want to hold. How do we report concerns about ethics, conflicts of interest, and/or compliance? A: Waste, Fraud, Abuse, and Noncompliance with Policies Harms Everyone. If you have concerns about the truth behind an organization's rating, or about the out with friends, ethics, compliance or conflict-of-interest of a consultant or appraiser, we strongly encourage you to report these concerns to the SEI. You may also want to review the SEI's Partner policies, here, as well to proposing, ensure your concern is properly supported. Essay Out With! All authorized and on self-discipline licensed individuals and organizations must operate through a Partner, so all investigations will include an inquiry to on hanging friends, the Partner. The Ethics and Compliance site is here, there you can also see other information on essay, expectations and how to out with, report your concerns. The US Hotline Phone Number (24/7/365) is: 1-877-217-6316, and. The direct reporting email address for Ethics and Compliance concerns is: firstname.lastname@example.org.
We sincerely hope you never have to use any of them, but if you do, we're very sorry. And, we hope you are undeterred from is a 1000, your process improvement aspirations. Can individuals be Certified or carry any other CMMI rating or special designation? authorized and/or certified as Instructors, Appraisers, and other designations, licensed partners to be able to use SEI intellectual property and to register appraisals with the essay on hanging friends, SEI, Independent Consultantsof the CMMI Institute (i.e., part time or volunteer employees), eligible to be appraisal team members by taking the licensed Introduction to CMMI and registering in the SEI's appraisal system, and other credentials that are evolving over time, and non-CMMI credentials as well. But there are no designations conferred on individuals specific to CMMI. So, if an should i include a cover letter with my resume organization is rated a Maturity Level X, individuals from that organization aren't imbued with their own crown of Maturity Level X. Anyone claiming something like that (we've seen this on many resumes) would represent a gross misunderstanding by the individual and/or a terrible lack of communication/training by the organization. Also, taking Introduction to CMMI , or even the next class, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI , does not designate a person as a certified or authorized CMMI consultant. (We've seen that too.) Currently, there are no SEI-authorized Certified CMMI Consultant designations whatsoever, but that may be changing over the next few years. Is there required training to do CMMI?
A: That depends on what you want to accomplish. To just implement CMMI? None whatsoever. Out With! An organization can pick up the technical report that *is* the CMMI, read it, and start to implement it. SEI and CMMI Institute require no training to do that. To be completely blunt, however, we have not found a single company yet who could take this layman's approach and make it work for them -- whether to get through a SCAMPI or just realize improvements. There are just some things that a few hours with someone willing and qualified to explain everything -- at least as far as using the model effectively and/or getting to/through a SCAMPI is concerned -- to make a world of difference between success and essays disillusionment. (Entinex -- sponsor of this site -- does that in a 4-hour session we call our Crash Course.) To be on a SCAMPI team, a prerequisite is the essay out with friends, Introduction to CMMI course. Then, in preparation for the SCAMPI itself, team members receive Appraisal Team Training from the Lead Appraiser (or an should i include with alternative qualified individual) prior to the appraisal -- but this is part of the friends, appraisal process and not training that must be delivered by CMMI Institute or a Partner. To be an Introduction to CMMI Instructor, one also needs Intermediate Concepts of essays CMMI or two CMMI for Practitioners courses, the CMMI Instructor Training course and then be observed delivering the essay out with, course before becoming authorized to deliver it on one's own. To be a Lead Appraiser, one needs Introduction to CMMI , Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or two CMMI for Practitioners courses, to short essay, participate as a team member on two SCAMPI appraisals, the SCAMPI Lead Appraiser course and also to essay out with friends, be observed leading a SCAMPI appraisal. Comparative Essays! CMMI for Services has additional requirements for becoming an instructor.
High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLAs) require additional coursework and exams. Applicants for all authorized or certified roles will undergo a resume review of experience and qualifications in appropriate areas consistent with the designation they are pursuing. Who can provide CMMI-related training? A: The CMMI Institute itself, and people certified by the CMMI Institute *and* working through a Partner can deliver any training they are authorized to essay, deliver -- if the expectation is that there will be some official registration of the essay, that training event. If there is essay on hanging out with no such expectation of a Certificate of should i include letter with my resume Completion, or, if there is no intention of using the training as a pre-requisite to on hanging, future activities, the essay, training is not controlled by essay on hanging the CMMI Institute since they would never know about it. Be sure to be clear with whoever you are receiving the training from about their authority to i include letter with my resume, deliver the on hanging, expected outcome.
There are several accounts of companies selling CMMI Training that are not officially licensed events and therefore lack the credentials to be registered with the CMMI Institute as ever having taken place. What sort of CMMI-related training is there? A: The following are the basic CMMI courses. The CMMI Institute also adds specialized courses all the how much is a 1000, time. Follow this link for the SEI's list of essay out with courses:
Introduction to CMMI , and a cover letter various 1-day supplement courses for each constellation, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI CMMI for Practitioners Understanding CMMI High Maturity Practices CMMI Instructor Training SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training SCAMPI B and C Team Leader Training. How can we learn about the appraisal process? A: For that we have some bad news. There are only three ways to learn about the appraisal process, and one of essay on hanging friends them is not recommended, and another requires a lot of commitment: Download the Appraisal Requirements for CMMI and the Method Definition Document, and study them. Go through all the comparative, training requirements of becoming a Lead Appraiser. Essay On Hanging Out With! Hire someone who has done #2 to explain it you. Specific Model Content FAQs. What is the exact difference between GP 2.8 and i include my resume GP 2.9?
A: It can be confusing. On Hanging! We've found it's especially confusing to people / organizations who see CMMI as being compliance -driven. Mostly, because they don't see the difference between monitoring and controlling the process and objectively evaluating the writing, process. And, part of out with friends it is due to the fact that these two phrases are incomplete. To understand these two generic practices requires that we read the complete practice statement, not just the title of the practice (which is short good advice for any practice!) as we spell it out on hanging, here. GP 2.8 is Monitor and control the process against the plan for performing the process and take appropriate corrective action . [Emphasis added.] In other words, GP 2.8 is tied to GP 2.2, Establish and maintain the plan for short essay on self-discipline performing the process. We see many people / organizations confusing (or equating) the plan for performing the process with the process for performing the process. The plan addresses the resources, timing, tasks, and on hanging friends so forth, for seeing that the process *will* get done at the project level, not necessarily *how* it will get done.
The plan is merely knowing how the process will be assured of getting done , not necessarily and not only about getting done right . Sure, it's common to find the process embedded in or referenced by i include the plan, but that doesn't eliminate the distinction between the plan(s) and the process(es). Effectively, you can monitor and control the process just as you would (and when you would) be monitoring and on hanging controlling activities of the project. Writing In My Self! You could even be tracking them using similar metrics such as when did it happen, what happened, how many times did it happen, did it happen on time, did it use the expected resources, etc. And, that's the real distinction between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9. GP 2.9 is essay on hanging Objectively evaluate adherence of the process against its process description, standards, and procedures, and address noncompliance. In My! That focus is clearly on the *how* of the process and whether the *how* was done as expected. An organization may execute a process according to its plan, but do so in a way entirely not according to the process (even in a good way), and conversely, the process could be performed exactly according to the process expectation, but done entirely late, or taking too long, or not by the right people.
Hence, the distinct activities of checking that the process was done *both* according to plan, *and* as expected to be done. Thanks to Gino Tudor for asking this question! Why is Requirements Development (RD) in Maturity Level 3, and Requirements Management (REQM) in out with friends, Maturity Level 2? A: We've received variations on this question often enought that we might as well put the answer on this site. GP 2.10 Review Status with Higher Level Management seems like it would be satisfied by meeting SP 1.6 and 1.7 in PMC but that doesn't seem to meet the institutionalization. Would the OPF and OPD SPs also need to be met to meet GP 2.10? A: PMC is project-level statuses with whomever may be relevant to a project to essay in my self, be part of this statusing. Whereas GP2.10 is process-oriented review of on hanging process performance with a level of management with the authority to affect process changes resulting from the review of process performance. CMM, CMMI, and SCAMPI are ® registered in the U.S. Short Essay On Self-discipline! Patent and. Trademark Office by Carnegie Mellon University.
All other content Entinex, Inc. (except where noted) The content herein, in part or in essay out with friends, whole, may not be used or reproduced without explicit prior approval from Entinex, Inc. (Just ask, we'll probably let you use it.) Disclaimer: The opinions expressed here are the authors' and contributors' and do not express a position on the subject from the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, Carnegie Mellon University or any organization or Partner affiliated with the SEI, CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, or Carnegie Mellon University. Most recent notable update: : 26 January 2014. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. About these ads: The ads that appear below DO NOT reflect an essay self endorsement, recommendation, or suggestion by the authors, editors or contributors to this CMMIFAQ, the on hanging friends, SEI, or CMMI Institute. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification.
PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. About these ads: The ads that appear below DO NOT reflect an endorsement, recommendation, or suggestion by the authors, editors or contributors to this CMMIFAQ or the writing kindness, SEI. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification.
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Hangout With Friends Free Essays - StudyMode
essay of analysis You’ve been staring at essay on hanging out with your blank computer screen for what feels like hours, trying to figure out how to writing self, start your analytical essay. You try to choose between writing the on hanging, introduction first or getting right into the meat of it. But somehow, it seems too difficult to do either. What you need is is a blueprint—a foolproof way to get your essay structured. Then all you have to essay proposing, do is fill in the blanks. By Anonymous [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. What an Analytical Essay Is—And What It Isn’t. Helpful, right? Um, not so much.
First, it might be more useful to explain what an analytical essay isn’t before getting to what it is . An analytical essay isn’t a summary. Though this may seem obvious in friends theory, it’s more difficult in practice. Essay. If you read your essay and out with friends, it sounds a lot like a book report, it’s probably only short, summarizing events or characters. One way to on hanging friends, figure out if you’re summarizing instead of analyzing is to look at your support. Are you simply stating what happened, or are you relating it back to essay writing in my, your main point? Okay, so what is an analytical essay, exactly ? Usually, it’s writing that has a more narrowed focus than a summary. Essay On Hanging Out With Friends. Analytical essays usually concentrate on essay proposing solution, how the book or poem was written—for example, how certain themes present themselves in the story, or how the essay out with, use of metaphor brings a certain meaning to a poem. In short, this type of essay requires you to look at the smaller parts of the work to help shed light on the larger picture.
An example of a prompt—and the example I’m going to writing, use for out with friends, the rest of this post—could be something like: Analyze the should a cover letter my resume, theme of sacrifice in the Harry Potter series. (Note: there might be some spoilers, but I figured everyone who was planning on reading the books has done so already—or at least has seen the movies.) One Way To Form Your Analytical Essay Outline. There are quite a few ways to organize your analytical essay, but no matter how you choose to write it, your essay should always have three main parts: I’ll get into the nitty-gritty of this soon, but for all you visual learners, here is a nice representation of all the components that make a great analytical essay outline. You can see that I’ve added a few more details than just the on hanging out with friends, introduction, body, and conclusion. How Much 1000. But hold your horses—we’re getting to those parts right now. Introduction of Your Analytical Essay Outline. The purpose of your introduction is to get the reader interested in your analysis. The introduction should include at least three things—a hook, your thesis statement, and essay, a sentence or two describing how you intend to prove your thesis statement. 1. You gotta hook ‘em from the kindness, start.
The first part of your introduction should draw the reader in. This is called the hook. The hook should be interesting or surprising. Out With. You can achieve this by asking a rhetorical question, giving some relevant statistics, or making a statement that’s unusual or controversial. For my Harry Potter example, I might say, “Since the publication of the first book in should the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone , some Christian groups have attacked the on hanging friends, books for promoting witchcraft. However, one of the main themes of the books draws inspiration from Christianity itself—that of sacrifice.”
Okay, so that’s two sentences. But it’s got a little bit of controversy and relates to what the rest of the writing in my, essay will discuss. 2. Get to the good stuff—write a killer thesis statement. Okay, so now that you’ve got your reader hooked, you need to start getting to friends, the point. Should I Include Letter My Resume. This is where the thesis statement comes in. My thesis might be, “The theme of essay out with sacrifice is prevalent throughout the series and 1000 essay, is embodied as sacrifice for the greater good, sacrifice for an ultimate gain, and sacrifice to keep a promise.” 3. On Hanging. It’s time to back up your thesis. Let the reader know how you’re going to writing kindness, prove your claim. For my example, I would let the reader know that I intend to analyze the on hanging out with, instances of Harry’s “death,” Voldemort’s sacrifice of his soul in exchange for immortality, and how Snape sacrifices in order to honor a promise made to Lily Potter. These points will be the should with my resume, building blocks of the body paragraphs.
Body of Your Analytical Essay Outline. The body is where you can start to get really creative and play around with formatting. In the flowchart, there are three body paragraphs. Essay On Hanging Out With. But that’s because I was trained in the 5-paragraph outline. Essays. But you can include as many or as few body paragraphs as you want—as long as you end up thoroughly supporting your thesis. For my outline, each body paragraph includes a topic sentence, followed by essay on hanging three sets of claims, evidence to in my, support those claims, and how that evidence ties back to the topic sentence.
Again, three is not necessarily a magic number here. You could make one claim with a lot of evidence, or five claims to support your topic sentence. But let’s get into it, shall we? 1. Develop a strong topic sentence. Each topic sentence in each body paragraph of your analytical essay outline should tell the reader exactly what that section is going to be about. My first body paragraph might start with, “Harry Potter is willing to fulfill prophecy and make the ultimate sacrifice—that of his life—in order to save the rest of the wizarding world.” 2. Make your claim. The claim should dive into a smaller part of the essay out with, overarching topic sentence. The topic sentence I gave can be broken down into several smaller claims—that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, that he was actually willing to die, and that his death would be of profound significance. 3. How Much Word. Provide evidence from the on hanging, text to back your claim. You can’t just go around making claims without any support.
You can use quotes or paraphrase parts of the i include letter with my resume, text to add evidence. For evidence that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, you could cite the on hanging out with, instance in the hall of prophecies with the quote, “and either must die at comparative essays the hand of the other for neither can live while the other survives.” 4. Tie that evidence to the topic sentence. On Hanging Out With. You have to make it absolutely clear why you included the evidence. If you don’t, your analytical essay runs the how much is a 1000 word essay, risk of being a summary. For example, with the citing of the prophecy, I would tell the reader that Harry and his friends found said prophecy and figured out that it had to essay out with friends, be about him (although there are objections that it could’ve been referring to Neville, but we’ll leave that out of this example). They knew that either Voldemort had to die or Harry did, and essays, he had to be willing to do that. They’re not needed in the outline, but when you write your final essay, be sure you include effective transitions. This will help your essay flow. Conclusion of Your Analytical Essay Outline.
After you’ve built up all of your body paragraphs, given the appropriate evidence to back your claims, and tied that evidence to your awesome topic sentences, you’re ready to wrap it all up. The conclusion should be a brief restatement of your main points without being a direct copy. For example, “There are many motivations behind sacrifice—to help others, to help oneself, or to keep a promise to a loved one—and J.K. Essay On Hanging Out With Friends. Rowling explores several of them through the essay solution, characters in the Harry Potter book series.” This, of friends course, does not suffice as a full conclusion. To fill it out and give the reader a sense of closure, you can relate the letter, theme to the real world or end with a final quote from the text or the author. Use This Downloadable Analytical Essay Outline as a Guide. Easy, right? I know you’re pumped to get started, but before you do, I have a template for the analytical essay outline for you to download. Of course, your instructor’s directions will trump mine, so if they say to on hanging, do something a specific way, I won’t be offended if you take their advice over mine.
And don’t forget about the Kibin editors. A Cover. When your analytical essay is all typed up, they can help you make sure that it’s as good as it can get. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and education. You can find her on Google+.
dis was absooltelee fantasteec thxc you 4 de owwline. awesome! Glad you liked it. #128578; @naomi_tepper:disqus Oh my Gosh! this was amazing thank you so much! This helped a lot with my Economics essay for Humanities 6 World Studies! Woot woot! Happy to on hanging out with friends, help. #128578; Thanks for the comment.
This is undoubtedly very much helpful… Thanks a lot. You’re welcome! Thanks for the comment and thanks for comparative essays, reading. On Hanging Out With Friends. #128578; Hi….Eden thank you for orienting me on how to structure an analytical essay. Writing. because of many reasons which i don’t like to name writing an essay out with, analytical essay has been my Achilies Hill. Your effort in kindness writing this article has thrown much need light as far as I’m concerned. I look forward to on hanging out with, your reply on the question of structuring of analytical political essay on proposing solution, issues like say Affirmative Action or Constitutionalism. Thank you for on hanging out with friends, your kind words. Writing. In regards to writing a political analytical essay, it varies depending on the course and the requirements of your instructor.
However, you can follow the same advice in this post. Essay. Introduction with a hook and thesis, body paragraphs that make claims with evidence to support those claims, and a conclusion that wraps it all up. The main difference is that you’ll have to do more research than reading just one book. (And make sure to cite your sources.) I hope that helped! Thank you, this will help ? This was really useful I went through so many websites the should a cover, finally got this one. Sweet! Glad you found it helpful. hi this is great.
Fabulous! Happy to help. How would I write an analytic essay using dramatic conventions? I’m supposed to essay on hanging out with, write an essay, essay on The Tempest from Shakespeare using dramatic conventions and I’m not doing so well at essay on hanging friends understanding how to do it. basically it’s also asking me “how dramatic conventions make the i include letter with my resume, reader see characters in out with a certain way. Please respond to is a 1000 word, this if you can. I think that I would devote one body paragraph to each of the dramatic conventions that you’re covering in your paper.
For instance, in one paragraph, if you are writing about the conventions of essay on hanging out with soliloquy, the should i include a cover my resume, play-within-a-play convention, and asides (these are the first three conventions I thought of — I’m not sure which ones you’ve studied in class), then you could devote one body paragraph to each of these topics and their influence on essay on hanging out with friends, how the audience views the characters. I hope this puts you on the right track! I have two write an essay about Animals by O’Hara and how it reflects the innocence and simplicity of childhood. I don’t know how to start. Could anyone suggest the first sentence of the introduction? I’ve already got my outline #128578; Hi Lily– Awesome that you have your outline ready to go.
You might want to start with the quintessential quote from the text that stands out as reflecting these qualities of innocence/childhood simplicity. A Cover Letter. For more great hook sentence tips visit: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ This is essay on hanging out with, amazing and extremely helpful! Thank you author. Hey, thanks for reading and for the nice comment! I’ll be sure to show the author. #128578;
do you eat pussy? Haha! Awesome. Essay Proposing Solution. We’re happy to help, but don’t sell yourself short just because of your blonde hair. #128578; great site but second para 24th word should be ALWAYS not away. dont take this as offensive but im just trying to improve this site that is all.
Thanks for on hanging, keeping us on our toes, Shayan! No offense taken — we’ll get that updated #128578; Great blog post ! Just to add my thoughts if you are wanting a Express Evictions 3-Day Notice to Pay Rent or Quit , my secretary came across a blank version here https://goo.gl/nlOqzY. Hi there! Although this was really helpful for literary analysis, I was wondering if you had an writing kindness, idea as to essay friends, how to essay proposing, apply this to historical analysis. I have to write about the on hanging friends, effects of European migration, warfare, and essay, disease on Native Americans, and was thinking of finding 3 specific examples of out with each and explaining the effect that each had on Native Americans. Is this a good plan? You could *definitely* apply this framework to a historical analysis, yes! As Eden mentions, you can have as many body paragraphs as you want, so you could devote a single paragraph to each of your examples — giving you 9 body paragraphs. Since that would get pretty lengthy, you could add a header before each of essay kindness your 3-paragraph sections to keep your paper organized.
DIOS MIO! this is out with friends, really helpful. Woot! That’s awesome. So happy you found this post helpful. #128578; Thanks for should i include my resume, the kind comment. This is so helpful, thank you. I have to write an analytical essay about The Killer Angels by essay friends Michael Shaara and I’m stuck. This is my second essay and on the first I received a C #128577; I don’t know how to start and it isn’t even about the whole book, its only for word, half the book. Please help.
Starting is definitely the hardest part sometimes :/ thanks so much for your blog. you have made it very easy for me to understand this (horrible) essay. I have to write my first Analytical essay. Essay Out With Friends. kind regards to you. And thanks to essay proposing, you for out with, reading! Good luck with your essay — you’ve got this. I have to is a word essay, write an analytical essay for essay out with friends, my college English course, and its about an essays, American folk song called “Frankie and Johnny” and im stuck in how to begin it! my professor gave me an out with, example on how to start, she said “to summarize a short definition of North American folk music from a cover letter with my resume, Oxford Music Online” please help. A definition is one way to start your essay, sure! This post contains lots more great advice (plus you can sign up for 14 hook types + examples in on hanging out with friends the bottom right corner): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ Damn am I thirsty, any fine white beothches dtf.
NAH MEAN. Thank you so much. I was dying a moment ago. Now I think I can manage it. love the example! it got me even more excited! #128516;#128523;#128526; Yesss, you can totally manage it!
Thanks for reading #128578; I feel motivated and on self-discipline, have been trying my best all these days… Grateful for everything. )